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2014 | 22 | 1 | 8-14
Tytuł artykułu

The Activity and Its Barriers and the Well-Being of Older Poles

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Background: Research of health determinants confirmed its beneficial relationships with the optimum level of physical activity at any age. The problem is the physical passivity of societies. In the elderly, this problem is of particular importance, which is conditioned by both biological factors and social. This justifies the diagnosis of relationships: the barrier activity - activity - well-being. Material/Methods: 393peoplewere tested:216women and 177men aged65 -85 years. A questionnaire with closed questions was used as a tool in the research. Physical activity was examined using selected questions of Baecke questionnaire, barriers to physical activity using a scale KCS, and self-assessment of health - by using the SF-36. Results: Correlation analysis of age and the activity showed a low relationship for the women and no relationship for the men. There were no differences in activity due to sex, either due to the occurrence of chronic diseases. There is a weak correlation between age and kinesiophobia among women, no relationship was found in the group of men. Prevalence of chronic diseases differentiated the level of kinesiophobia only in women. Analysis of health self-assessment showed a relatively well-being in the test - the average PC and MC were above 50 points. Conclusions: Women represent a lower level of physical activity than men, but at an older age, these differences are no longer statistically significant. However, the level of activity barriers is still higher. Aging is a process which varies greatly individually, and this applies to activity, its barriers, and self-assessment of health. Age is not a category that fully explains the complex issues depending on the variables examined.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
22
Numer
1
Strony
8-14
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-02-01
otrzymano
2014-11-26
zaakceptowano
2014-11-28
online
2015-09-30
Twórcy
  • School of Health Sciences, Silesian University of Medicine, Katowice, aknapik@o2.pl
  • Faculty of Physiotherapy, Higher School of Administration, Bielsko-Biala
  • School of Health Sciences, Silesian University of Medicine, Katowice
  • School of Health Sciences, Silesian University of Medicine, Katowice
Bibliografia
  • 1. A new vision for old age Rethinking health policy for Europe’s ageing society. A report from the Economist Intelligence Unit (2012) The Economist Intelligence Unit Limited 2012: 4. Available at: http://www.economistinsights.com/sites/default/files/downloads/A%20new%20vision%20for%20old%20age_0.pdf; accessed on 15.07.2014
  • 2. Antonovsky A. Health, Stress and Coping. Jossey-Bass Publishers, San Francisco, 1979
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  • 4. Antonovsky A. A call for a New question - Salutogenezis - and a proposed answer - The Sense of Coherence. J Persp Psych, 1984; 2:1-13
  • 5. Baecke J, Burema J, Frıjters J. A short questionnaire for the measurement of habitual physical activity in epidemiological studies. Am J Clin Nutr, 1982; 36: 936-942
  • 6. Basic the demographic development of Polish until 2013. Central Statistical Office; Table 3: 17 (in Polish). Available at: http://stat.gov.pl/cps/rde/xbcr/gus/L_podst_inf_o_rozwoju_dem_pl_do_2013.pdf; accessed on 15.09.2014
  • 7. Biley FC. The ‘Sickening’ Search for Health: Ivan Illich’s revised thoughts on the medicalization of life and medical iatrogenesis. IJHC - On Line 2010; 10: 2. http://www.wholistichealingresearch.com/ ; accessed on 11.10.2014.
  • 8. Blair SN. Physical inactivity: the biggest public health problem of the 21st century. BJSM, 2009; 43:1-2
  • 9. Błędowski P,Mossakowska M, Więcek A, et al. Aging as a social problem. Prospects of demographic aging of the Polish population by 2035. (In Polish) Starzeniesięjako problem społeczny. Perspektywy demograficznego starzenia się ludności Polski do roku 2035. Aspekty medyczne, psychologiczne, socjologiczne i ekonomiczne starzenia się ludności w Polsce. Termedia Wydawnictwa Medyczne, Poznań 2012.
  • 10. Bokovoy JL, Blair SN. Aging and exercise: A health perspective. JAPA, 1994; 2: 243-260
  • 11. Breuer C, Wicker P. Körperliche Aktivität über die Lebensspanne. In: Fuchs R, Göhner W, Seelig H. (eds) Aufbau eines körperlich aktiven Lebensstils: Theorie, Empirie und Praxis. Sportpsychologie, 2007; 4: 89-107
  • 12. Breuer C, Wicker P. Decreasing sports activity with increasing age? Findings from a 20-year longitudinal and cohort sequence analysis. Res Q Exerc Sport, 2009; 80, (1):22-31
  • 13. Breuer C, Hallmann K, Wicker P, Feiler S. Socio-economic patterns of sport demand and ageing. Eur Rev Aging Phys Act, 2010. http://myy.haaga-helia.fi/~seppo.suominen/tutkimusmen/53021440.pdf ; accessed on 11.09.2014
  • 14. Cevini E, Invidia L, Lescani F, et al. Human models of aging and longevity. Expret Opin Biol Ther, 2008; 8(9): 1393-1405
  • 15. Diener E, Tov W. National accounts of well-being. In KC Land, AC Michalos, MJ Sirgy (Eds.). Handbook of social indicators and quality of life research. Springer, 137-156; 2012
  • 16. Dolińska-Zygmunt G. Orientacja salutogenetyczna w problematyce zdrowotnej. Model Antonovsky’ego. InPodstawy psychologii zdrowia,Wyd. Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego, Wrocław 19-31; 2001
  • 17. Hertogh EM, Monninkhof EM, Schouten EG, Peeters PHM, Schuit AJ. Validity of the Modified Baecke Questionnaire: comparison withenergy expenditure according to the doubly labeled water method. IJBNPA, 2008;5:30. http://www.ijbnpa.org/content/5/1/30; accessed on 10.09.2014
  • 18. Knapik A, Saulicz E, Gnat R. Kinesiophobia - Introducing a New Diagnostic Tool. JOHK, 2010; 28: 25-31
  • 19. Knapik A, Saulicz E, Kuszewski M, Myśliwiec A, Rottermund J, Plinta R. Gender and level of kinesiophobia in adult population of southern Poland. Prz Med Uniw Rzesz Inst Lekw, 2012; 10 (3): 277-287
  • 20. Knapik A, Saulicz E, Rottermund J, Saulicz M, Myśliwiec A. Successful aging - the role of physical activity and its barriers in women of advanced age. Family - Health - Disease 2013. Proceedings of The International Conference on Haelth Care Studies, 2013. Zlin, Czech Republic: 13-23
  • 21. Knapik A, Rottermund J, Myśliwiec A, Plinta R, Gruca M. Physical activity and health self-assessment of the elderly. Prz Med Uniw Rzesz InstLekw, 2011; 2: 195-204
  • 22. Lowen A. Bioenergetyczne ujęcie stresu i choroby. Nowiny Psychologiczne, 1984: 9-10
  • 23. Ono R, Hirata S, Yamada M, et all. Reliability and validity of the Baecke physical activity questionnaire in adult women with hip disorders. BMC Musculoskel Dis, 8: 61. 2007. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2474/8/61; accessed on 15.04.2013[Crossref][WoS]
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_pha-2015-0002
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