Problem-Solving Skills of High School Students Exercising Regularly in Sport Teams
In this article, the effect of regular sport activities on the problem-solving approaches performed by high school students when they encountered said problem was analyzed. Six hundred male high school students participated in the study (Mage=15.45 years, age range: 14-17 years). The Problem-Solving Inventory (PSI) was used to evaluate students’ problem-solving solutions. Student-athletes were selected from the students who took charge in school teams, exercised for 6 days a week, provided that this exercise did not exceed 1 h 30 min, and who also participated in competitions. Mann-Whitney U test, which is nonparametrictest, was used to examine two samples (athlete, & non-athlete) and Kruskal-Wallis one-way analysis was used to make intergroup (branches of sport) examinations. According to the findings that were obtained, a significant difference was found among selfconfident approach values of athlete and non-athlete students (U=45.0, p=0.008). A significant difference was observed among assessor approach values of athlete and non-athlete students (U=46.2, p=0.033). The students who did sports regularly were more self-confident than those who did not do sports regularly and were of the same age when they encountered a problem, and student-athletes evaluated the phase of solving the problem and results that they obtained more carefully than those who did not do sport regularly and were of the same age. Student-athletes believed that they would solve the problem that they encountered. Further, student athletes preferred using a systematic method while solving a problem and making a decision more often than those who were not athletes and were of the same age.
- Gülhane Military Medical Academy Etlik/Ankara, 06100, Turkey , email@example.com
- Marmara University
- conception and design of the study
- acquisition of data
- analysis and interpretation of data
- manuscript preparation
- obtaining funding
- Marmara University, Turkey
- conception and design of the study
- manuscript preparation
- Acar, K., Akandere, M., & Bastug, G. (2013). A study of problem solving skills and non-functional attitudes of children who get training for football. Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise, 15(3), 69-74.
- Arnold, P. J. (1997). Sport, Ethics and Education. London, England: Cassell.
- Baumann, S. (1994). Praxis der Sportpsychologie (C. Ikizler, & A. Ozcan, Trans.). Istanbul, Turkey: Alfa.
- Benson, A. (1995). Problem-solving skills training. Habilitative Mental Healthcare Newsletter, 14(1).
- Bezci, S. (2010). The Study of Relationship Between Coping Style with Stress and Problem Solving Skills of Taekwondo Coaches. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Gazi, Ankara.
- Biddle, S.J.H., Kenneth, R.F., & Boutcher, S.H. (2002). Physical Activity and Psychological Well-being. London, England: Routledge-Taylor & Francis.
- Bingham, A. (1958). Improving Children’s Facility in Problem Solving (A.F. Oguzkan, Trans.). New York, NY: Bureau of Publications, Teachers College, Columbia University.
- Blumenstein, B., & Orbach, I. (2012). Psychological Skills in Sport:Training and Application. Happauge, NY: Nova Science.
- Cox, R.H. (1998). Sport Psychology: Concepts and Applications. Boston: McGraw-Hill.
- Clark, C.J. (2002). Problem Solving and Personality Factors of Two At-risk College Populations. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of West Virginia.
- Davis, B., Roscoe, J., Roscoe, D., & Bull, R. (2005). Physical Education and the Study of Sport. New York, NY: Elsevier Mosby.
- D’Zurilla T.J., & Nezu, M. (1990). Development and preliminary evaluation of the social problem solving: Psychological assessment: A Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2(2), 156-163.
- D’Zurilla, T.J, Nezu, A.M., & Nezu, C.M. (2007). Solving Life’s Problems: A 5-step Guide to Enhanced Well-being. New York, NY: Springer.
- Erozkan, A. (2013). The effect of communication skills and interpersonal problem solving skills on social self-efficacy educational sciences. Theory & Practice, Educational Consultancy and Research Center.Retrieved from www.edam.com.tr/estp, 13(2), 739-745.
- Elliott, T.R., Godshall, J., Shrout, E., & Witty, T. (1990). Problem solving appraisal, self-reported study habits and performance of academically risk. College Students. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 37(2), 203-207.[Crossref]
- Ferah, D. (2000). Investigation of Perception of Problem Solving Skills and Problem Solving Approaches of the Turkish Army Academy Cadets in Terms of Gender, Grade, Academic Success and Leadership. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Hacettepe, Ankara.
- Gaffrey, J.B. (1987). Problem-solving in Small Groups of Type A’s and Type B’s. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of South Carolina, South Carolina.
- Gill, D.L. (1986). Psychological Dynamics of Sport. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Publishers.
- Grawitch, M.J., Munz, D.C., & Eliot, E.K. (2003). Promoting creativity in temporary problem-solving groups: The effect of positive mood and autonomy in problem solving definition on idea generating performance. Group Dynamics- Theory Research and Practice, 7(3), 200-213.
- Greenberger, E., O’Connor, J., & Sorensen, A. (1991). Personality, cognitive and academic correlates of problem solving flexibility. Developmental Psychology, 4(3), 416-424.
- Gulsen, D. (2008). Analyzing the Players Who are Playing in Different Division Levels, the Problem Solving Abilities of the Soccer Players According to League, Education Levels and Sport Age. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Cukurova, Adana.
- Hagger, M., & Chatzisarantis, N. (2005). Social Psychology of Exercise and Sport. Boston: McGraw-Hill Professional.
- Heppner, P.P., & Petersen, C.H. (1982). The development and implications of a personal problem-solving inventory. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 15(1), 66-75.[Crossref]
- Hristovski, R., Davids, K., Passos, P., & Araújo, D. (2012). Sport performance as a domain of creative problem solving for self-organizing performer-environment systems. Open Sports Sciences Journal, 5(Suppl. 1-M4), 26-35.
- Karabulut, E., & Kuru, E. (2009). Review of several variables of characteristics of the students in physical education and sport department of Ahi Evran University and the ability of problem solving. Education Faculty Journal of Ahi Evran University, 10(3), 119-127.
- Mellalieu, S.D., Hanton, S., & Fletcher, D. (2009). A Competitive Anxiety Review: Recent Directions in Sport Psychology Research. New York, NY: Nova Science.
- National Association for Sport and Physical Education (2006, May). Recess for Elementary School Students /Position paper/. Reston, VA: Author.
- Natt Gantt, Larry O., II. (2012). Pedagogy of problem solving: Applying cognitive science to teaching legal problem solving. Creighton Law Review, 45, 699-762.
- Patel, D.R., Greydanus, D.E., Omar, H.A., & Merrick, J. (Eds.) (2010), Health and Human Development: Adolescence and Sports. New York, NY: Nova Science.
- Pehlivan, Z., & Konukman, F. (2004). Comparing the physical education teachers and the other branch teachers in the aspect of problem solving. Spormetre, Physical Education and Sport Science Journal, 2(2), 55-60.
- Sahin, N., & Heppner, P.P. (1993). Psychometric properties of the problem solving inventory in a group of Turkish university students. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 17(4), 379-396.
- Sozen, H. (2012). The effect of physical education and sports school training on problem solving skills of the athletes. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46, 4186-4190.
- Thornton, S. (1998). Children Solving Problems (O. Kumrular, Trans.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
- Ulucınar, S. (2011). Research on problem solving skills of teacher candidate. E-Journal of New World Sciences Academy Education Sciences, 1C0455, 6(4), 2482-2494.
- Weinberg, R.S., & Gould, D. (2003). Foundations of Sport and Exercise Psychology. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
- Wesson, K., Wiggins-James, N., Thompson, G., & Hartigan, S. (2005). Sport and PE: A Complete Guide to Advanced Level Study (3rd ed.). London, England: Hodder & Stoughton Education.
- Woods, B. (2004). Applying Psychology to Sport. London, England: Hodder & Stoughton Education.
- Wright, J., Macdonald, D., & Burrows, L. (2004). Critical Inquiry and Problem-solving in Physical Education. London, England: Routledge.