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2015 | 67 | 1 | 13-19
Tytuł artykułu

Cardinal Virtues in Sport: Prudentia

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Cardinal virtues present one of the oldest anthropological theories and ethical systems in the western philosophical tradition. Among other great ancient philosophers, Plato talked about four main virtues: prudence (practical wisdom), justice, fortitude (courage), and temperance (moderation). As these virtues are not arbitrary, but instead correspond to some fundamental characteristics of human beings, they are not only useful for moral decision-making, but they also present an original anthropological theory. This paper focuses on the role of prudence in sports. Prudence has two aspects: it is a) cognitive, and b) decision-making. Perceptively it is turned toward reality, “imperatively” toward volition and action. As such, it is a fundamental virtue in sports practices. First of all, its role is in the cognition of the specific situations an athlete is in. In addition, it gives instructions as to how to respond to them. Prudence directed into the cognition of reality involves two main elements, namely memoria and docilitas. The role of memoria consists in developing and enriching special motor memory from past experiences, and so it is one of the goals of any practice of technical elements. Docilitas is the kind of open-mindedness which recognizes the true variety of things and situations to be experienced and does not cage itself in any presumption of deceptive knowledge. As such, it can be recognized in the concept of sports as “knowledge-gaining activity”. The other aspect of prudence is directed towards deciding what actions to take. With solertia, the athlete can swiftly, but with open eyes and clear-sighted vision, decide to do something good in a concrete situation. The second element is providentia (foresight), meaning the capacity to estimate with a sure instinct for the future whether or not a particular action will lead to the realization of a goal. This is demanded of all sports, especially competitive sports, where the deciding factor between top and average athletes is often not physical or technical abilities but the intellectual capacity (or tactics) to foresee what is going to happen on the field in the next few moments.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
67
Numer
1
Strony
13-19
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-09-01
otrzymano
2015-06-22
zaakceptowano
2015-08-08
online
2015-11-26
Twórcy
autor
  • University of Ljubljana, Slovenia Aškerčeva 2 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, jernej.pisk@gmail.com
  • conception and design of the study
  • acquisition of data
  • analysis and interpretation of data
  • manuscript preparation
  • obtaining funding
Bibliografia
  • Aristotle (350 B.C.). Nicomachean Ethics. Retrieved May 25, 2015, from http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/nicomachaen.html
  • Atkins, E.M., & Williams, T. (2005). Thomas Aquinas: Disputed Questions on the Virtues. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hibbs, T.S. (1997). The Revival of Prudence. In R.T. Ciapalo (Ed.), Postmodernism and Christian Philosophy (pp. 107-117). Washington D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press.
  • Holy Bible. Retrieved May 25, 2015, from http://www.biblija.net/biblija.cgi?l=en
  • Jaeger, W. (1973). Paideia: the Ideals of Greek Culture. Vol. 1: Archaic Greece. The Mind of Athens. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Kreeft, P. (1990). A Summa of the Summa. San Francisco: Ignatius Press.
  • McCabe, H. (2008). On Aquinas. London: Burns & Oates.
  • Pieper, J. (1949). On the Christian Idea of Man. The Review of Politics, 11(1), 3-16 (Jan., 1949).
  • Pieper, J. (1965). The Four Cardinal Virtues. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World.
  • Pindar (458 B.C.). Isthmian Odes. Retrieved May 25, 2015, from http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus %3Atext%3A1999.01.0162%3Abook%3DI.%3Apoem%3D1
  • Plato (360 B.C.). Republic. Retrieved May 25, 2015, from http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/republic.html
  • Strauss, L. (1999). Naravno Pravo in Zgodovina/Natural Right and History/. Ljubljana: Študentska založba.
  • Vendemiati, A. (2005). In the First Person. An Outline of General Ethics. Rome: Urbaniana University Press.
  • Weiss, P. (1969). Sport: A Philosophic Inquiry. Illinois: Southern Illinois University Press.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_pcssr-2015-0019
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