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2015 | 65 | 1 | 31-40
Tytuł artykułu

Inclusion of Outsiders Through Sport

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Social work strategy is increasingly applying sports and physical activity programs as a vehicle for the social inclusion of outsiders. The underlying assumption is that interactions between diverse social groups generate social capital, which can potentially function as a social lever for socially disadvantaged groups. Knowledge about how and when this levering process occurs is, however, insufficient. The generation and acquisition of social capital requires adequate qualities in the relationship between social entities. Hence, meticulous research is essential to expound on the mechanisms and circumstances under which the socially disadvantaged can benefit from social capital generated through sports and physical activity. The article is primarily based on qualitative interviews with different groups of socially disadvantaged people. The interviews were conducted as part of a large-scale investigation of participation in sports in socially deprived neighborhoods. Subsequently, the findings from the qualitative interviews were triangulated with findings from an assessment of documentation and evaluation reports covering about 200 projects, and findings from a scientific literature review. The findings suggest that strategies aiming at social inclusion through sports and physical activities need to take social context into consideration
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
65
Numer
1
Strony
31-40
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-03-01
online
2015-04-10
Twórcy
  • University of Southern Denmark Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics Campusvej 55 DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark, mfehsenfeld@health.sdu.dk
Bibliografia
  • Agergaard, S. & Michelsen la Cour, A. (2011). Sporttrack. Evaluering af projekt for lederuddannelse af etniske minoritetsunge til det aarhusianske idræts- og foreningsliv. /Sporttrack. An evaluation of a project for education of ethnic minority adolescents managers for sport and club life in Aarhus/. Copenhagen: Institut for Idræt, Københavns Universitet.
  • Agergaard, S. (2008). Unges idrætsdeltagelse og integration i idrætsforeninger i Århus Vest. /Adolescent participation and integration in sportclubs in Aarhus/. Retrieved october 21, 2014, from http://www.idan.dk/vidensbank/downloads/unges-idraetsdeltagelse-og-integration-i-idraetsforeninger-i-aarhusvest/4ff838ad-54f8-4f52-823f-9af000f7512d
  • Ball, K., Cleland, V.J., Timperio, A. F., Salmon, J., Giles-Corti, B. & Crawford, D.A. (2010). Love thy neighbour? Associations of social capital and crime with physical activity amongst women. Social Science & Medicine, 71, 807-814.
  • Bourdieu, P. (1994). Af praktiske grunde. Omkring teorien om menneskelig handlen. /Practical reason. On the theory of action/ København: Hans Reitzels Forlag.
  • Bourdieu, P. (1995). Distinksjonen: En sosiologisk kritikk av dømmekraften. /Distinction. A social critique of the judgement of taste/. Oslo: Pax Forlag.
  • Bourdieu, P. & Wacquant, L.J. (1996). Refleksiv Sociologi - Mål og midler. /An invitation to reflexive sociology/. Copenhagen: Hans Reitzels Forlag.
  • Carless, D. & Douglas, K. (2008). The Role of Sport and Exercise in Recovery from Serious Mental Illness: Two Case Studies. International Journal of Men's Health, 7, 137-156.
  • Cerin, E. & Leslie, E. (2008). How socio-economic status contributes to participation in leisure-time physical activity. Social Science & Medicine, 66, 2596-2609.[WoS]
  • Cleland, V., Ball, K., Hume, C., Timperio, A., King, A.C. & Crawford, D. (2010). Individual, social and environmental correlates of physical activity among women living in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods. Social Science & Medicine, 70, 2011-2018.[WoS]
  • Cochrane, T. & Davey, R.C. (2008). Increasing uptake of physical activity: A social ecological approach. Journal of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health, 128, 31-40.
  • Collins, M. (2012). Understanding social exclusion and sport for children. In S.Dagkas & K. Armour (Eds.), Inclusion and Exclusion Through Youth Sport (pp. 24-39). New York: Routledge.
  • Cradock, A.L., Kawachi, I., Colditz, G.A., Gortmaker, S.L. & Buka, S.L. (2009). Neighborhood social cohesion and youth participation in physical activity in Chicago. Social Science & Medicine, 68, 427-435.[WoS]
  • Crisp, B.R. (2010). Belonging, connectedness and social exclusion. Journal of Social Inclusion, 1(2), 123- 32.
  • Eriksen, T.H. (2006). Trygghet. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
  • European Commission (2011, January 18). Developing the European Dimension in Sport. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic and Social Committee and The Committee of the Regions. retrieved August 21. 2014, from http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legalcontent/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52011DC0012&from=EN
  • Franzini, L., Taylor, W., Elliott, M.N., Cuccaro, P., Tortolero, S.R., Janice, G.M. (2010). Neighborhood characteristics favorable to outdoor physical activity: disparities by socioeconomic and racial/ethnic composition. Health Place, 16, 267-274.[PubMed]
  • Ibsen, B., Fehsenfeld, M., Nielsen, L.B., Boye, A.M., Malling, R., Andersen, L.G. (2012). Idræt i udsatte boligområder. /Sports in deprived neighbourhoods/. Odense: Institut for Idræt & Biomekanik, Syddansk Universitet.
  • Lindstrom, M., Hanson, B.S. & Ostergren, P.O. (2001). Socioeconomic differences in leisure-time physical activity: the role of social participation and social capital in shaping health related behaviour. Social Science & Medicine, 52, 441-451.
  • Pedersen, P.V. (2009). Dårligt liv - Dårligt helbred: Socialt udsattes oplevelse af eget liv og sundhed. /Poor life - poor health: Selfreported perception of life and health by socially excluded/. Copenhagen: Rådet for Socialt Udsatte.
  • Pedersen, P.V., Holst, M., Davidsen, M. & Juel, K. (2012). SUSY Udsat 2012: Sundhedsprofil for socialt udsatte i Danmark 2012 og udviklingen siden 2007. /Healthprofile for socially excluded in Denmark 2012 and the development since 2007/. Copenhagen: Statens Institut for Folkesundhed, Rådet for Socialt Udsatte.
  • Social-og Integrationsministeriet (2012, June 21). 20 mio kroner til idræt for udsatte grupper. /20 mill. DKK. For sports for disadvantaged groups/. Press release, retrieved August 21. 2014, from http://sm.dk/nyheder/2012/20-mio-kr-tilidraet-for-udsatte-grupper
  • Soundy, A., Faulkner, G. & Taylor, A. (2007). Exploring variability and perceptions of lifestyle physical activity among individuals with severe and enduring mental health problems: A qualitative study. Journal of Mental Health, 16, 493-503.
  • Stahl, T., Rutten, A., Nutbeam, D., Bauman, A., Kannas, L., Abel, T. (2001). The importance of the social environment for physically active lifestyle-results from an international study. Social Science & Medicine, 52, 1-10.
  • Støvring, J. & Rudbeck, J. (2008). Den sociale kontekst for tryghed og utryghed. /The social context for safety and unsafety/. Roskilde: Roskilde Universitet.
  • Thorsager, L., Børjesson, E., Christensen, I. & Pihl, V. (2007). Metoder i Socialt Arbejde: Begreber og Problematikker. /Methods in social work: concepts and issues/. Copenhagen: Socialforskningsinstituttet.
  • Wacquant, L.J.D. (1989). Towards a Reflexive Sociology: A Workshop with Pierre Bourdieu. Sociological Theory, 7(1), 26-63 [Crossref]
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_pcssr-2015-0009
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