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2015 | 60 | 1 | 181-186
Tytuł artykułu

Validation of the method for determination of plutonium isotopes in urine samples and its application in a nuclear facility at Otwock

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The studies aimed at determining low activities of alpha radioactive elements are widely recognized as essential for the human health, because of their high radiotoxicity in case of internal contamination. Some groups of workers of nuclear facility at Otwock are potentially exposed to contamination with plutonium isotopes. For this reason, the method for determination of plutonium isotopes has been introduced and validated in Radiation Protection Measurements Laboratory (LPD) of the National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ). In this method the plutonium is isolated from a sample by coprecipitation with phosphates and separated on a AG 1-X2 Resin. After electrodeposition, the sample is measured by alpha spectrometry. Validation was performed in order to assess parameters such as: selectivity, accuracy (trueness and precision) and linearity of the method. The results of plutonium determination in urine samples of persons potentially exposed to internal contamination are presented in this work.
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
60
Numer
1
Strony
181-186
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-03-01
otrzymano
2014-10-14
zaakceptowano
2015-01-19
online
2015-03-12
Twórcy
  • Radiation Protection Measurements Laboratory, National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ), 7 A. Sołtana Str., 05-400 Otwock/Świerk, Poland, Tel.: +48 22 273 1150, Fax: +48 22 273 1200, katarzyna.rzemek@ncbj.gov.pl
  • Faculty of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, 1 Pasteura Str., 02-093 Warsaw, Poland and Department of Electrochemistry, Industrial Chemistry Research Institute, 8 Rydygiera Str., 01-793 Warsaw, Poland
  • Radiation Protection Measurements Laboratory, National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ), 7 A. Sołtana Str., 05-400 Otwock/Świerk, Poland, Tel.: +48 22 273 1150, Fax: +48 22 273 1200
autor
  • Radiation Protection Measurements Laboratory, National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ), 7 A. Sołtana Str., 05-400 Otwock/Świerk, Poland, Tel.: +48 22 273 1150, Fax: +48 22 273 1200
  • Radiation Protection Measurements Laboratory, National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ), 7 A. Sołtana Str., 05-400 Otwock/Świerk, Poland, Tel.: +48 22 273 1150, Fax: +48 22 273 1200
  • Radiation Protection Measurements Laboratory, National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ), 7 A. Sołtana Str., 05-400 Otwock/Świerk, Poland, Tel.: +48 22 273 1150, Fax: +48 22 273 1200
Bibliografia
  • 1. Qiao, J., Xu, Y., Hou, X., & Miro, M. (2014). Comparison of sample preparation methods for reliable plutonium and neptunium urinalysis using automatic extraction chromatography. Talanta, 128, 75–82.[WoS]
  • 2. Voelz, G. L. (2000). Plutonium and health – how great is the risk? Los Alamos Science, 26, 74–89.
  • 3. ICRP. (1997). Individual monitoring for internal exposure of workers. ICRP Publication 78. Ann. ICRP, 27(3/4).
  • 4. Vajda, N., & Kim, C.-K. (2009). Determination of Pu isotopes by alpha spectrometry: a review of analytical methodology. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 283, 203–223.
  • 5. Lecoix, G., & Chevalier, C. (2013). Actinides in urine. PROCORAD Radiotoxicological Intercomparison Exercises, 19–21 June 2013, Bucharest, Romania, Retrieved September 11, 2014 from
  • 6. Alvarez, A., & Navarro, N. (1996). Method for actinides and Sr-90 determination in urine samples. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 47, 869–873.
  • 7. Arginelli, D., Berton, G., Bortoluzzi, S., Canuto, G., Groppi, F., Montalto, M., Nocente, M., Ridone, S., & Vergo, M. (2008). Purification and separation of Pu and Am in biological samples by anion-exchange and extraction chromatography for high resolution alpha-spectrometry analyses. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 277, 65–71.
  • 8. Robredo, L. M., Navarro, T., & Sierra, I. (2000). Indirect monitoring of internal exposure in decomissioning of a nuclear power plant in Spain. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 53, 345–350.
  • 9. Hallstadius, L. (1984). A method for the electrodeposition of actinides. Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., 223, 266–267.
  • 10. EURACHEM-Guide. (1998). The fitness for purpose of analytical methods – a laboratory guide to method validation and related topics.
  • 11. Shakhashiro, A., Fajgelj, A., & Sansone, U. (2007). Comparison of different approaches to evaluate proficiency test data. In: A. Fajgelj, A. Belli & U. Sansone (Eds.), Combining and reporting analytical results (pp. 220–228). Cambridge: RSC Publishing.
  • 12. Kumar, R., Yadav, J. R., Rao, D. D., & Chand, L. (2010). Determination of plutonium isotopes in urine samples from radiation workers using 236Pu tracer, anion exchange resin and alpha spectrometry. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 283, 785–788.
  • 13. American National Standards Institute. (1996). Performance criteria for radiobioassay. ANSI N 13.30. New York.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_nuka-2015-0033
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