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2015 | 16 | 1 | 28-32
Tytuł artykułu

Associations of Power at V̇O2peakand Anaerobic Threshold with Rank in British High Performance Junior Surfers

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose. The objective of this study was to determine the relationships of peak oxygen uptake ( V̇O2peak), power at V̇O2peak and power at the anaerobic threshold (AT) with national ranking in a sample of British high performance junior surfers. Methods. Eighteen male surfers (aged 15.4 ± 1.4 years) from the British Junior Surfing team were tested for V̇O2peak and AT using an adapted kayak ergometer; national ranking was used to indicate performance level. The AT was identified as the point at which V̇E/V̇O2 started to rise without a concomitant increase in V̇E/V̇CO2. Spearman’s rank (rs) and partial correlations (rp) controlling for age were used to identify the relationships between the physiological variables and national ranking. Results. Mean V̇O2peak was 3.1 ± 0.5 l · min-1 (47.7 ± 7.2 ml · kg-1 · min-1) and mean AT occurred at 48.1 ± 12.2 W. There were significant correlations between national ranking and power at V̇O2peak (rs = -0.549, p = 0.028), power at AT (rs = -0.646, p = 0.009), and age (rs = -0.579, p = 0.012). Significant partial correlations were established controlling for age between national ranking and power at V̇O2peak (rp = -0.839, p = 0.000) and power at AT (rp = -0.541, p < 0.046). Conclusions. The power outputs associated with V̇O2peak and AT were significantly related to surfer ranking in this sample. However, due to the low coefficient of determination associated with the AT/ranking relationship, AT does not discriminate well between the ranking of surfers. These findings support the inclusion of power at V̇O2peak in assessment batteries for junior competitive surfers.
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Wydawca
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
16
Numer
1
Strony
28-32
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-03-01
otrzymano
2014-11-05
zaakceptowano
2015-02-27
online
2015-05-23
Twórcy
  • Institute for Sport, Physical Activity and Leisure (ISPAL), Carnegie School of Sport, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, United Kingdom , matthew.barlow@leedsbeckett.ac.uk
  • Fairfax 108, Headingley Campus Leeds Beckett University Leeds, LS6 3QS United Kingdom
autor
  • Faculty of Science and Technology, Plymouth University, Plymouth, United Kingdom
  • University College of St Mark and St John, Plymouth, United Kingdom
  • Institute for Sport, Physical Activity and Leisure (ISPAL), Carnegie School of Sport, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, United Kingdom
Bibliografia
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  • 4. Meir R.A., Lowdon B.J., Davie A.J., Heart rates and estimated energy expenditure during recreational surfing. Aust J Sci Med Sport, 1991, 23 (3), 70-74.
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  • 6. Barlow M.J., Findlay M., Gresty K., Cooke C., Anthropometric variables and their relationship to performance and ability in male surfers. Eur J Sports Sci, 2014, 14 (Suppl 1), S171-S177, doi: 10.1080/17461391.2012.666268.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 7. Farley O., Harris N.K., Kilding A.E., Anaerobic and aerobic fitness profiling of competitive surfers. J Strength Cond Res, 2012, 26 (8), 2243-2248, doi: 10.1519/ JSC.0b013e31823a3c81.[PubMed][WoS][Crossref]
  • 8. Fernandez-Lopez J.R., Cámara J., Maldonado S., Rosique- Gracia J., The effect of morphological and functional variables on ranking position of professional junior Basque surfers. Eur J Sports Sci, 2013, 13 (5), 461-467, doi: 10.1080/17461391.2012.749948.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 9. Loveless D.J., Minahan C., Peak aerobic power and paddling efficiency in recreational and competitive junior male surfers. Eur J Sports Sci, 2010, 10 (6), 407-415, doi: 10.1080/17461391003770483.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 10. Mendez-Villanueva A., Perez-Landaluce J., Bishop D., Fernandez- García B., Ortolano R., Leibar X. et al., Upper body aerobic fitness comparison between two groups of competitive surfboard riders. J Sci Med Sport, 2005, 8 (1), 43-51, doi: 10.1016/S1440-2440(05)80023-4.[Crossref]
  • 11. Tran T.T., Lundgren L., Secomb J.L., Farley O.R.L., Haff G.G., Seitz L.B. et al., Comparison of physical capacities between nonselected and selected elite male competitive surfers for the national junior team. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 2015, 10 (2), 178-182, doi: 10.1123/ijspp.2014-0222.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 12. Loveless D.J., Minahan C., Two reliable protocols for assessing maximal-paddling performance in surfboard riders. J Sports Sci, 2010, 28 (7), 797-803, doi: 10.1080/02640411003770220.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 13. Sheppard J.M., McNamara P., Osborne M., Andrews M., Oliveira Borges T., Walshe P., Chapman D.W., Association between anthropometry and upper-body strength qualities with sprint paddling performance in competitive wave surfers. J Strength Cond Res, 2012, 26 (12), 3345 3348, doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31824b4d78.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 14. Lowdon B.J., Pateman N.A., Physiological parameters of international surfers. Aust J Sports Med, 1980, 12, 30-33.
  • 15. Whipp B.J., Physiological mechanisms dissociating pulmonary CO2 and O2 exchange dynamics during exercise in humans. Exp Physiol, 2007, 92 (2), 347-355, doi: 10.1113/expphysiol.2006.034363.[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
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  • 17. Whipp B.J., Davis J.A., Torres F., Wasserman K., A test to determine parameters of aerobic function during exercise. J Appl Physiol, 1981, 50 (1), 217-221.
  • 18. Caiozzo V.J., Davis J.A., Ellis J.F., Azus J.L., Vandagriff R., Prietto C.A. et al., A comparison of gas exchange indices used to detect the anaerobic threshold. J Appl Physiol, 1982, 53 (5), 1184-1189.
  • 19. ACSM, ACSM`s guidleines for exercise testing and prescription. 9th Edition, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, London 2013.
  • 20. Tanaka H., Monahan K.D., Seals D.R., Age-predicted maximal heart rate revisited. J Am Coll Cardiol, 2001, 37 (1), 153-156, doi:10.1016/S0735-1097(00)01054-8.[Crossref][PubMed]
  • 21. Koyal S.N., Whipp B.J., Huntsman D., Bray G.A., Wasserman K., Ventilatory responses to the metabolic acidosis of treadmill and cycle ergometry. J Appl Physiol, 1976, 40 (6), 864-867.[PubMed]
  • 22. Lowdon B.J., Bedi J.F., Horvath S.M., Specificity of aerobic fitness testing of surfers. Aust J Sci Med Sport, 1989, 21 (4), 7-10.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_humo-2015-0023
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