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2015 | 16 | 1 | 15-19
Tytuł artykułu

Assessment of Physical Activity by Pedometer in Polish Preschool Children

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose. The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare the physical activity patterns of preschoolers aged 6-7 years. Methods. A sample of 221 preschool children (116 boys and 105 girls) aged 6 (5.92 ± 0.30) and 7 (6.91 ± 0.25) years was recruited. Physical activity was assessed over 7 consecutive days by using pedometers to determine step counts (steps/day). Accrued anthropometric data included height, mass, and BMI. Data were compared with ANOVA to determine any significant differences between age and sex groups and the part of the week (weekday/weekend); intergroup differences were evaluated with Fisher's LSD test. A < 0.05 level of significance was adopted for all statistical tests. Results. No significant differences were found between the age groups (6- and 7-year olds). Physical activity over the 7-day period was significantly greater in the boys (13318 ± 2354 steps/day) than girls (12300 ± 2750 steps/day). Mean weekday step counts were greater among boys (13800 ± 2458 steps/day) than girls (12587 ± 2802 steps/day); this difference was statistically significant. Mean weekend steps were 12112 ± 3467 and 11579 ± 3930 steps/ day for the boys and girls, respectively. Mean weekday steps were significantly greater (p < 0.001) than mean weekend steps in both groups. The recommendation of 12000 steps/day was met by 60.6% of the sample (69.0% boys, 51.4% girls). Conclusions. Sex differences in physical activity patterns were observed in the sample of preschool children. Boys, compared with girls, were characterized with a higher physical activity level on both weekdays and weekend days. Physical activity for both sexes was lower on weekend days than weekdays. The results indicate the need for improved health literacy among parents on current recommended physical activity guidelines and the suitability of a pedometer-based assessment method.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
16
Numer
1
Strony
15-19
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-03-01
otrzymano
2013-12-12
zaakceptowano
2015-01-23
online
2015-05-23
Twórcy
  • University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland , kamila.czajka@awf.wroc.pl
  • Katedra Biostruktury Wydział Wychowania Fizycznego Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego al. I.J. Paderewskiego 35 51-612 Wrocław, Poland
  • University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
  • University School of Physical Education, Wrocław, Poland
Bibliografia
  • 1. Williams M.A., Haskell W.L., Ades P.A., Amsterdam E.A., Bittner V., Franklin B.A. et al., Resistance exercise in individuals with and without cardiovascular disease: 2007 update: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Clinical Cardiology and Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism. Circulation, 2007, 116 (5), 572-584, doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA. 107.185214.[Crossref]
  • 2. Kushi L.H., Byers T., Doyle C., Bandera E.V., McCullough M., McTiernan A. et al., American Cancer Society Guidelines on Nutrition and Physical Activity for cancer prevention: reducing the risk of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity. CA Cancer J Clin, 2006, 56 (5), 254-281, doi: 10.3322/canjclin.56.5.254.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 3. Drygas W., Jegier A., Bednarek-Gejo A., Kwaśniewska M., Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk E., Kostka T., Physical activity volume as a key factor influencing obesity and metabolic syndrome prevalence in middle-aged men. Long-term prospective study [in Polish]. Przegląd Lekarski, 2005, 62 (3), 8-13.
  • 4. Ford E.S., Kohl H.W., Mokdad A.H., Ajani U.A., Sedentary behavior, physical activity, and the metabolic syndrome among U.S. adults. Obesity Research, 2005, 13 (3), 608-614, doi: 10.1038/oby.2005.65.[Crossref]
  • 5. Carnethon M.R., Loria C.M., Hill J.O., Sidney S., Savage P.J., Liu K., Risk factors for the metabolic syndrome: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study (CARDIA) study, 1985-2001. Diabetes Care, 2004, 27 (11), 2707-2715, doi: 10.2337/diacare.27.11.2707.[Crossref]
  • 6. Colley R.C., Garriguet D., Janssen I., Craig C.L., Clarke J., Tremblay M.S., Physical activity of Canadian children and youth: accelerometer results from the 2007 to 2009 Canadian Health Measures Survey. Health Rep, 2011, 22 (1), 15-23.
  • 7. Riddoch C.J., Mattocks C., Deere K., Saunders J., Kirkby J., Tilling K. et al., Objective measurement of levels and patterns of physical activity. Arch Dis Child, 2007, 92 (11), 963-969, doi: 10.1136/adc.2006.112136.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 8. Craig C.L., Cameron C., Tudor-Locke C., CANPLAY pedometer normative reference data for 21,271 children and 12,956 adolescents. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2013, 45 (1), 123-129, doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31826a0f3a.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 9. Harmon J., Brusseau T. A., Collier D., Lenz E., Habitual physical activity patterns of inner-city children. Hum Mov, 2013, 14 (4), 305-309, doi: 10.2478/humo-2013-0036.[Crossref]
  • 10. Vander Ploeg K.A., Kuhle S., Maximova K., McGavock J., Wu B., Veugelers P.J., The importance of parental beliefs and support for pedometer-measured physical activity on school days and weekend days among Canadian children. BMC Public Health, 2013, 13, 1132, doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-1132.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 11. Beets M.W., Bornstein D., Beighle A., Cardinal B.J., Morgan C.F., Pedometer-measured physical activity patterns of youth: a 13-country review. Am J Prev Med, 2010, 38 (2), 208-216, doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2009.09.045.[Crossref]
  • 12. Laurson K.R., Eisenmann J.C., Welk G.J., Wickel E.E., Gentile D.A., Walsh D.A., Evaluation of youth pedometerdetermined physical activity guidelines using receiver operator characteristic curves. Prev Med, 2008, 46 (5), 419-424, doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2007.12.017.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 13. Tudor-Locke C., Pangrazi R.P., Corbin C.B., Rutherford W.J., Vincent S.D., Raustorp A. et al., BMI-referenced standards for recommended pedometer-determined steps/day in children. Prev Med, 2004, 38 (6), 857-864, doi:10.1016/j. ypmed.2003.12.018.[Crossref]
  • 14. Gabel L., Proudfoot N.A., Obeid J., MacDonald M.J., Bray S.R., Cairney J. et al., Step count targets corresponding to new physical activity guidelines for the early years. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2013, 45 (2), 314-318, doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e318271765a.[Crossref]
  • 15. Tremblay M.S., Warburton D.E.R., Janssen I., Paterson D.H., Latimer A.E., Rhodes R.E. et al., New Canadian physical activity guidelines. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab, 2011, 36 (1), 36-46, doi: 10.1139/H11-009.[Crossref]
  • 16. World Health Organization, Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health. WHO, Geneva (Switzer land) 2010. Available from: http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/publications/9789241599979/en/ [Accessed: June 2014].
  • 17. Colley R.C., Janssen I., Tremblay M.S., Daily step target to measure adherence to physical activity guidelines in children. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2012, 44 (5), 977-982, doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31823f23b1.[Crossref]
  • 18. Vincent S.D., Pangrazi R.P., An examination of the activity patterns of elementary school children. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 2002, 14 (4), 432-441.
  • 19. Tudor-Locke C., Craig C.L., Beets M.W., Belton S., Cardon G.M., Duncan S. et al., How many steps/day are enough? for children and adolescents. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, 2011, 8, 78, doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-8-78.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 20. Telford R.M., Telford R.D., Cunningham R.B., Cochrane T., Davey R., Waddington G., Longitudinal patterns of physical activity in children aged 8 to 12 years: the LOOK study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, 2013, 10, 81, doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-10-81.[Crossref]
  • 21. Vale S., Silva P., Santos R., Soares-Miranda L., Mota J., Compliance with physical activity guidelines in preschool children. J Sports Sci, 2010, 28 (6), 603-608, doi: 10.1080/02640411003702694.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 22. Cardon G., De Bourdeaudhuji I., Comparison of pedometer and accelerometer measures of physical activity in preschool children. Pediatr Exerc Sci, 2007, 19 (2), 205-214.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_humo-2015-0021
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