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2014 | 15 | 4 | 221-226
Tytuł artykułu

Effects of Varus Orthotics on Lower Extremity Kinematics During the Pedal Cycle

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Purpose. Cycling has been shown to be associated with a high incidence of chronic pathologies. Foot orthoses are frequently used by cyclists in order to reduce the incidence of chronic injuries. The aim of the current investigation was to examine the influence of different varus orthotic inclines on the three-dimensional kinematics of the lower extremities during the pedal cycle. Methods. Kinematic information was obtained from ten male cyclists using an eight-camera optoelectronic 3-D motion capture system operating at 250 Hz. Participants cycled with and without orthotic intervention at three different cadences (70, 90 and 110 RPM). The orthotic device was adjustable and four different wedge conditions (0 mm - no orthotic, 1.5 mm, 3.0 mm and 4.5 mm) were examined. Two-way repeated measures ANOVAs were used to compare the kinematic parameters obtained as a function of orthotic inclination and cadence. Participants were also asked to subjectively rate their comfort in cycling using each of the four orthotic devices on a 10-point Likert scale. Results. The kinematic analysis indicated that the orthotic device had no significant influence at any of the three cadences. Analysis of subjective preferences showed a clear preference for the 0 mm, no orthotic, condition. Conclusions. This study suggests that foot orthoses do not provide any protection from skeletal malalignment issues associated with the aetiology of chronic cycling injuries.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
15
Numer
4
Strony
221-226
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2014-12-01
otrzymano
2014-08-18
zaakceptowano
2014-11-24
online
2015-03-27
Twórcy
  • Division of Sport Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom, JKSinclair@uclan.ac.uk
  • Division of Sport Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom
  • School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom
autor
  • Division of Sport Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom
  • Division of Sport Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom
  • Division of Sport Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom
Bibliografia
  • 1. Clarsen B., Krosshaug T., Bahr R., Overuse injuries in professional road cyclists. Am J Sports Med, 2010, 38 (12), 2494-2501, doi: 10.1177/0363546510376816.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 2. Holmes J., Pruitt A., Whalen N., Cycling knee injuries: common mistakes that cause injuries and how to avoid them. Cycling Sci, 1991, 3, 11-14.
  • 3. Holmes J.C., Pruitt A.L., Whalen N.J., Lower extremity overuse in bicycling. Clin Sports Med, 1994, 13 (1), 187-205.[PubMed]
  • 4. Ericson M.O., Nisell R., Ekholm J., Varus and valgus loads on the knee joint during ergometer cycling. Scand J Sports Sci, 1984, 6, 39-45.
  • 5. Yeo B.K., Bonanno D.R., The effect of foot orthoses and in-shoe wedges during cycling: a systematic review. J Foot Ankle Res, 2014, 7, 31, doi: 10.1186/1757-1146-7-31.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 6. Sanner W.H., O’ Halloran W.D., The biomechanics, etiology and treatment of cycling injuries. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc, 2000, 90 (7), 354-376.[Crossref]
  • 7. Callaghan M.J., Lower body problems and injury in cycling. J Bodywork Mov Ther, 2005, 9 (3), 226-236, 10.1016/j. jbmt.2005.01.007.
  • 8. Kilmartin T.E., Wallace W.A., The scientific basis for the use of biomechanical foot orthoses in the treatment of lower limb sports injuries - A review of the literature. Br J Sports Med, 1994, 28 (3), 180-184, doi:10.1136/ bjsm.28.3.180.[Crossref]
  • 9. Francis P.R., Injury prevention for cyclists: a biomechanical approach. In: Burke E. (ed.) Science of cycling. Human Kinetics, Champaign 1986, 145-165.
  • 10. Hannaford D.R., Moran G.T., Hlavec H.F., Video analysis and treatment of overuse knee injury in cycling: a limited clinical study. In: Terauds J., Basham J.K. (eds.), Biomechanics in sport II. Academinc Press, San Diego 1985, 153-159.
  • 11. Sanderson D.J., Black A.H., Montgomery J., The effect of varus and valgus wedges on coronal plane knee motion during steady-rate cycling. Clin J Sport Med, 1994, 4 (2), 120-124, doi: 10.1097/00042752-199404000-00009.[Crossref]
  • 12. Lemond G., Gordis K., Greg Lemond’s complete book of bicycling. Perigee Trade, New York 1987.
  • 13. Cappozzo A., Catani F., Della Croce U., Leardini A., Position and orientation in space of bones during movement: anatomical frame definition and determination. Clin Biomech, 1995, 10 (4), 171-178, doi: 10.1016/0268-0033(95)91394-T.[Crossref]
  • 14. Sinclair J., Taylor P.J., Currigan G., Hobbs S.J., The testretest reliability of three different hip joint centre location techniques. Mov Sport Sci, 2014, 83, 31-39, doi: 10.1051/sm/2013066.[Crossref]
  • 15. Winter D.A., Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement. John Wiley & Sons., New York 1990.
  • 16. Sinclair J., Hebron J., Hurst H., Taylor P., The influence of different Cardan sequences on three-dimensional cycling kinematics. Hum Mov, 2013, 14 (4), 334-339, doi: 10.2478/humo-2013-0040.[Crossref]
  • 17. Asplund C., St Pierre P., Knee pain and bicycling: fitting concepts for clinicians. Phys Sportsmed, 2004, 32 (4), 23-30, doi: 10.3810/psm.2004.04.201.[Crossref]
  • 18. Van Zyl E., Schwellnus M.P., Noakes T.D., A review of the etiology, biomechanics, diagnosis, and management of patellofemoral pain in cyclists. Int SportMed J, 2001, 2 (1), 1-34.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_humo-2015-0015
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