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2015 | 49 | 1 | 15-24
Tytuł artykułu

Kinematic Adaptations of Forward and Backward Walking on Land and in Water

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of this study was to compare sagittal plane lower limb kinematics during walking on land and submerged to the hip in water. Eight healthy adults (age 22.1 ± 1.1 years, body height 174.8 ± 7.1 cm, body mass 63.4 ± 6.2 kg) were asked to cover a distance of 10 m at comfortable speed with controlled step frequency, walking forward or backward. Sagittal plane lower limb kinematics were obtained from three dimensional video analysis to compare spatiotemporal gait parameters and joint angles at selected events using two-way repeated measures ANOVA. Key findings were a reduced walking speed, stride length, step length and a support phase in water, and step length asymmetry was higher compared to the land condition (p<0.05). At initial contact, knees and hips were more flexed during walking forward in water, whilst, ankles were more dorsiflexed during walking backward in water. At final stance, knees and ankles were more flexed during forward walking, whilst the hip was more flexed during backward walking. These results show how walking in water differs from walking on land, and provide valuable insights into the development and prescription of rehabilitation and training programs.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
49
Numer
1
Strony
15-24
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-12-01
zaakceptowano
2015-12-01
online
2015-12-30
Twórcy
  • Department of Physical Education and Sport. Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain, cadenas@ugr.es
  • Department of Physical Education and Sport. Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
  • School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • Department of Physical Education and Sport. Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Bibliografia
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  • Masumoto K, Hamada A, Tomonaga H, Kodama K, Hotta N. Physiological Responses, Rating of Perceived Exertion, and Stride Characteristics During Walking on Dry Land and Walking in Water, Both With and Without a Water Current. J Sport Rehabil, 2012; 21(2): 175-181
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  • Masumoto K, Takasugi SI, Hotta N, Fujishima K, Iwamoto Y. A comparison of muscle activity and heart rate response during backward and forward walking on an underwater treadmill. Gait Posture, 2007b; 25(2): 222-228[Crossref][WoS]
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_hukin-2015-0104
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