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2015 | 46 | 1 | 241-249
Tytuł artykułu

Self-Determination and Physical Exercise Adherence in the Contexts of Fitness Academies and Personal Training

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This research aimed to analyze the validity of the relations hypothesized by the theory of self-determination in predicting adherence to physical exercise in fitness academy users and subjects following personal training. A total of 588 persons from Pelotas / RS / Brazil (405 gym users and 183 subjects following personal training) completed the Portuguese version of the three questionnaires, i.e. the Perceived Autonomy Support Climate Exercise Questionnaire, Basic Psychological Needs in the Exercise Scale and Behavioral Regulation in the Exercise Questionnaire −2. The results support the factorial structure of the questionnaires used in this sample. There was a significant multivariate effect of context on self-determination for physical exercise training [Wilks’ λ = 0.934, F (10, 576.000) = 4.03, p < 0.001, η2 = 0.01]. The hypothesized structural equation model, which considered the self-determination theory, showed a good fit to the data (S-B χ2 = 234.703; p= .001; df = 52; χ2/df = 4.514; SRMS = .049; NNFI = .906; CFI = .926; RMSEA = .077; RMSEA 90% CI = .067 − .088). However, in the comparative analysis, the perception of autonomy support, relatedness and competence were significantly higher in the context of personal training, while the amotivation and external regulation were significantly higher in the context of fitness academies.
Wydawca
Rocznik
Tom
46
Numer
1
Strony
241-249
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-06-01
zaakceptowano
2015-06-01
online
2015-07-10
Twórcy
  • - University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Research Centre in Sport, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), Vila Real, Portugal. , ingiklain@yahoo.com.br
  • - University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Research Centre in Sport, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), Vila Real, Portugal.
  • - University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro (UTAD), Research Centre in Sport, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), Vila Real, Portugal.
autor
  • - Sport Sciences School of Rio Maior (ESDRM-IPS), Research Centre in Sport, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), Vila Real, Portugal.
  • - Sport Sciences School of Rio Maior (ESDRM-IPS), Research Centre in Sport, Health and Human Development (CIDESD), Vila Real, Portugal.
Bibliografia
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  • Cid L, Moutão J, Leitão C, Alves J. Behavioural Regulation Assessment in Exercise: Exploring an Autonomous and Controlled Motivation Index. Span J Psychol, 2012; 15: 1520-1528
  • Deci EL, Ryan RM. Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination in Human Behavior. New York: Plenum Press; 1985
  • Deci EL, Ryan RM. The “What” and “Why” of Goal Pursuits: Human Needs and the Self-Determination of Behavior. Psychol Inq, 2000; 11: 227-68
  • Deci EL, Ryan RM. Handbook on self-determination research. Rochester NY: University of Rochester Press; 2002
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  • Moutão J, Cid L, Leitão JC, Alves J. Translation and Validation of the Perceived Autonomy Support: Exercise Climate Questionnaire in a Portuguese Sample of Exercise Participants. Psicol-Reflex Crit, 2012c; 25: 701-708
  • Moutão J, Cid L, Leitão JC, Alves J, Vlachopoulos SP. Validation of the Basic Psychological Needs in Exercise Scale in a Portuguese Sample. Spanish Journal of Psychology, 2012d; 15: 399-409
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  • Reeve J, Deci EL, Ryan RM. Self-determination theory: a dialectical framework for understanding socialcultural influences on student motivation. In: Mcinerney DMVE, S., editor. Big theories revisited. Greenwich: Information Age Publishing, 31-60; 2004
  • Ryan RM, Deci EL. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations: Classic Definitions and New Directions. Contemp Educ Psychol, 2000; 25: 54-67
  • Ryan RM, Deci EL. Active Human Nature: Self-determination theory and the promotion and maintenance of sports, exercise and health. In: Hagger MS, Chatzissaratis N, editors. Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination in Exercise and Sport. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1-22; 2007
  • Teixeira PJ, Carraça EV, Markland D, Silva MN, Ryan RM. Exercise, physical activity, and self-determination theory: A systematic review. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act, 2012; 9: 78
  • Vierling KK, Standage M, Treasure D. Predicting attitudes and physical activity in an at-risk minority youth sample: A test of self-determination theory. Psychol Sport Exerc, 2007: 795-817
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_hukin-2015-0052
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