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2015 | 46 | 1 | 77-83
Tytuł artykułu

Nutritional Adaptations in Elite Soccer Referees: First Evidence and Perspectives

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Although the physiological cost of refereeing has been already studied in the literature, especially in soccer umpires, it remains unknown whether referees spontaneously adapt their energy intake during game days. Six national soccer referees completed 24-hour dietary recalls (assisted by the SU.VI.MAX copybook) during a control day (CON) and a day with a game (GAME). The stress level and hunger feelings were assessed using visual analogue scales. Total energy intake, energy derived from macronutrients and energy intake at each meal were analyzed using the Bilnuts nutrition software. Total daily energy intake was not significantly different between conditions (CON: 2270 ± 535 vs. GAME: 2782 ± 293). Energy derived from fat and protein was not different between conditions but the participants ingested more calories derived from carbohydrates during the GAME day (45.5 ± 5.9% vs. 54.9 ± 5.5%, respectively, p<0.05). The calories ingested during snacking were significantly increased during GAME compared with CON (p<0.05). The stress level was significantly higher during GAME and especially before the breakfast, lunch and snack (p<0.05). Hunger feeling was not different between conditions. Referring leads to nutritional adaptations in elite soccer umpires, who tend to increase their energy intake mainly during snacking, by increasing their carbohydrate consumption.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
Rocznik
Tom
46
Numer
1
Strony
77-83
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-06-01
zaakceptowano
2015-06-01
online
2015-07-10
Twórcy
autor
  • - Clermont University, Blaise Pascal University, Laboratory of the Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise under Physiological and Pathological Conditions (AME2P), Clermont-Ferrand, France. , Lore.Metz@univ-bpclermont.fr
  • - CRNH-Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
  • - PERF ARBITRAGE, Blaise Pascal University, Aubière cedex, France.
  • - Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital, Biostatistics unit (DRCI), Clermont-Ferrand, France.
autor
  • - Clermont University, Blaise Pascal University, Laboratory of the Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise under Physiological and Pathological Conditions (AME2P), Clermont-Ferrand, France.
  • - CRNH-Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
Bibliografia
  • French National Agency for Food Safety, Environment and Work (ANSES). Second national survey on individual alimentary consumption. INCA2) (2006-2007), 2009. Available at: ; accessed on 15.09.2014
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  • Hercberg S, Galan P, Preziosi P, Bertrais S, Mennen L, Malvy D, Roussel AM, Favier A, Briancon S. The SU.VI.MAX Study: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of the health effects of antioxidant vitamins and minerals. Arch Intern Med, 2004; 164(21): 2335-2342
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  • Rienzi E, Drust B, Reilly T, Carter JE, Martin A. Investigation of anthropometric and work-rate profiles of elite South American international soccer players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 2000; 40(2): 162-169
  • Rodriguez NR, Di Marco NM, Langley S. American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Nutrition and athletic performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2009; 41(3): 709-731
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_hukin-2015-0036
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