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2015 | 45 | 1 | 167-175
Tytuł artykułu

Muscle Torque and its Relation to Technique, Tactics, Sports Level and Age Group in Judo Contestants

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of this study was to perform a comparative analysis of maximal muscle torques at individual stages of development of athletes and to determine the relationship between muscle torques, fighting methods and the level of sports performance. The activity of 25 judo contestants during judo combats and the effectiveness of actions were evaluated. Maximum muscle torques in flexors/extensors of the body trunk, shoulder, elbow, hip and knee joints were measured. The level of significance was set at p≤0.05; for multiple comparisons the Mann-Whitney U test, p≤0.016, was used. Intergroup differences in relative torques in five muscle groups studied (elbow extensors, shoulder flexors, knee flexors, knee extensors, hip flexors) were not significant. In cadets, relative maximum muscle torques in hip extensors correlated with the activity index (Spearman's r=0.756). In juniors, maximum relative torques in elbow flexors and knee flexors correlated with the activity index (r=0.73 and r=0.76, respectively). The effectiveness of actions correlated with relative maximum torque in elbow extensors (r=0.67). In seniors, the relative maximum muscle torque in shoulder flexors correlated with the activity index during the second part of the combat (r=0.821).
Wydawca
Rocznik
Tom
45
Numer
1
Strony
167-175
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-03-01
online
2015-04-07
Twórcy
  • Department of Theory of Sport and Kinesiology, University School of Physical Education Al. Jana Pawla II, Cracow, Poland
  • Department of Gymnastics and Dance, Universty School of Physical Education, Al. Jana Pawla II, Cracow, Poland
  • Department of Theory of Sport and Kinesiology, University School of Physical Education Al. Jana Pawla II, Cracow, Poland
Bibliografia
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  • Bonitch-Domínguez J, Bonitch-Góngora J, Padial P, Feriche B. Changes in peak leg power induced by successive judo bouts and their relationship to lactate production. J Sports Sci, 2010; 28(14): 1527-1534[Crossref][WoS]
  • Bonitch-Góngora JG, Bonitch-Domínguez JG, Padial P, Feriche B. The effect of lactate concentration on the handgrip strength during judo bouts. J Strength Cond Res, 2012; 26(7): 1863-1871[Crossref][WoS]
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  • Franchini E, Sterkowicz S, Meira CM Jr, Gomes FRF, Tani G. Technical variation in a sample of high level judo players. Percept Motor Skill, 2008; 106(3): 859-869[WoS][Crossref]
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  • Iwai K, Okada T, Nakazato K, Fujimoto H, Yamamoto Y, Nakajima H. Sport-specific characteristics of trunk muscles in collegiate wrestlers and judokas. J Strength Cond Res, 2008; 22(2): 350-358[WoS][PubMed][Crossref]
  • Jaric S, Ugarkovic D, Kukolj M. Anthropometric, strength, power and flexibility variables in elite male athletes: basketball, handball, soccer and volleyball players. J Hum Mov Stud, 2001; 40: 453-464
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  • Miarka B, Panissa VL, Julio UF, Del Vecchio FB, Calmet M, Franchini E. A comparison of time-motion performance between age groups in judo matches. J Sports Sci, 2012; 30(9): 899-905[Crossref]
  • Paasuke M, Ereline J, Gapeyeva H. Knee extension strength and vertical jumping performance in Nordic combined athletes. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 2001; 41: 354-361
  • Sleivert GG, Backhus RD, Wenger HA. Neuromuscular differences between volleyball players, middle distance runners and untrained controls. Int J Sports Med, 1995; 16: 390-398[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Sterkowicz S, Garcià Garcià JM, Suay i Lerma F. The importance of judo trainers’ professional activities. Arch Budo, 2007; 3: 57-61
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_hukin-2015-0017
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