Nowa wersja platformy, zawierająca wyłącznie zasoby pełnotekstowe, jest już dostępna.
Przejdź na


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2015 | 45 | 1 | 49-57
Tytuł artykułu

Influence of Passive Stiffness of Hamstrings on Postural Stability

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
The aim of the study was to explore whether passive stiffness of the hamstrings influences the strategy of maintaining postural stability. A sample of 50 subjects was selected; the final analyses were based on data of 41 individuals (33 men, 8 women) aged 21 to 29 (mean = 23.3, SD = 1.1) years. A quasi- experimental ex post facto design with repeated measures was used. Categories of independent variables were obtained directly prior to the measurement of the dependent variables. In stage one of the study, passive knee extension was measured in the supine position to assess hamstring stiffness. In stage two, the magnitude of postural sway in antero-posterior direction was measured, while varying the body position on a stabilometric platform, both with and without visual control. The margin of safety was used as a measure of postural control. The magnitude of the margin of safety increased significantly between the open-eye and closed-eye trials. However, although we registered a visible tendency for a larger increase of the margin of safety associated with lower levels of passive hamstrings stiffness, no significant differences were found. Therefore, this study demonstrated that hamstring stiffness did not influence the strategy used to maintain postural stability.

Opis fizyczny
  • Department of Kinesitherapy and Special Methods of Physiotherapy, Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland,
  • Department of Kinesitherapy and Special Methods of Physiotherapy, Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland
  • Department of Human Motor Behavior, Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland
  • Department of Kinesitherapy and Special Methods of Physiotherapy, Academy of Physical Education, Katowice, Poland
  • Błaszczyk JW, Lowe DL, Hansen PD. Ranges of postural stability and their changes in the elderly. Gait Posture, 1994; 2: 11-7[Crossref]
  • Davis S, Ashby P, McCale K, McQuain J, Wine J. The effectiveness of 3 Stretching techniques on hamstring flexibility using consistent stretching parameters. J Strength Cond Res, 2005; 19: 27-32
  • Feldman AG. Functional tuning of the nervous system during control of movement and maintenance of a steady posture II. Controllable parameters of the muscle. Biofizika, 1966; 11: 498-508
  • Fitzpatrick R, McCloskey DI. Proprioceptive, visual and vestibular thresholds for the perception of sway during standing in humans. J Physiol, 1994; 478: 173-86
  • Fitzpatrick RC, Taylor JL, McCloskey DI. Ankle stiffness of standing humans in response to imperceptible perturbation: Reflex and task-dependent components. J Physiol, 1992; 454: 533-47
  • Ford GS, Mazzone MA, Taylor K. The effect of 4 different durations of static hamstring stretching on passive knee-extension range of motion. J Sport Rehab, 2005; 14: 95-107
  • Gajdosik R. Giuliani C. Bohannon R.: Passive compliance and length of the hamstring muscles of healthy men and women. Clinical Biomechanics. 1990; 5; 23-29[Crossref]
  • Gnat R, Kuszewski M, Koczar R, Dziewońska A. Reliability of the passive knee flexion and passive knee extension test. J Manip Phys Ther, 2010; 33(9): 659-665[Crossref]
  • Hytonen M, Pyykko I, Aalto H, Starck J. Postural Control and Age. Acta Otolaryngol, 1993; 113: 119-22
  • Kuczyński M. Visco-elastic control of posture. Hum Mov, 2001; 2(4): 33-8
  • Kuszewski MT, Gnat R, Saulicz E. Stability training of the lumbo-pelvo-hip complex influence stiffness of the hamstrings: a preliminary study. Scand J Med Sci Sports, 2009; 19(2): 260-266[PubMed]
  • Latash ML. Control of human movement. Champaign: Human Kinetics; 1993
  • Lord SR, Menz HB. Visual contributions to postural stability in older adults. Gerontol, 2000; 46(6): 306-10[Crossref]
  • Massion J. Movement, posture and equilibrium: interaction and coordination. Prog Neurobiol, 1992; 38: 35-56[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Maurer C, Mergner T, Bolha B. Vestibular, visual and somatosensory contributions to human control of upright stance. Neurosci Lett, 2000; 281: 99-102
  • McCarthy A, Vicenzino B. Treatment of osteitis pubis via the pelvic muscles. Man Ther, 2003; 8(4): 257-60[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Moorhouse KM, Granata KP. Role of reflex dynamics in spinal stability: Intrinsic muscle stiffness alone is insufficient for stability. J Biomech, 2007; 40: 1058-65[PubMed][Crossref][WoS]
  • Richardson CA, Hodges PW, Hides JA. Therapeutic exercise for lumbopelvic stability: A motor control approach for the treatment and prevention of low back pain. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 13-28; 2004
  • Schleip R, Naylor IL, Ursu D, Melzer W, Zorn A, Wilke HJ, Lehmann-Horn F, Klinger W. Passive muscle stiffness may be influenced by active contractility of intramuscular connective tissue. Med Hypotheses, 2006; 66: 66-71[PubMed][Crossref]
  • Sullivan MK, Dejulia JJ, Worrell TW. Effect of pelvic position and stretching method on hamstring muscle flexibility. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 1992; 24: 1383-9[PubMed]
  • Vleeming A, Mooney V, Snijders C, Dorman T, Stoeckart R. Movement, stability and low back pain. The essential role of the pelvis. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 207-10; 1997
  • Webright WG, Randoph BJ, Perrin DH. Comparison of nonballistic active knee extension in neural slump position and static stretch techniques on hamstring flexibility. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, 1997; 26: 7-13[Crossref]
  • Winter DA. Human balance and posture control during standing and walking. Gait Posture, 1995; 3: 193-214[Crossref]
  • Winter DA, Patla AE, Prince F, Ishac M, Gielo-Perczak K. Stiffness control of balance in quiet standing. J Neurophysiol, 1998; 80: 1211-21[PubMed]
  • Winter DA, Patla AE, Rietdyk S, Ishac MG. Ankle muscle stiffness in the control of balance during quiet standing. J Neurophysiol, 2001; 85: 2630-3 [PubMed]
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.