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2015 | 22 | 3 | 459-469
Tytuł artykułu

Sewage Sludge-To-Energy Management In Eastern Europe: A Polish Perspective

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
PL
ENERGETYCZNE ZAGOSPODAROWANIE OSADÓW ŚCIEKOWYCH W EUROPIE WSCHODNIEJ: POLSKIE SPOJRZENIE NA PROBLEM
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The Sewage Sludge Directive 86/278/EEC was adopted about 30 years ago with a view to encourage sewage sludge reuse in agriculture and to regulate its use. Meanwhile, some EU Member States have adopted stricter standards and management practices than those specified in the Directive. In particular, the majority of Member States has introduced more stringent standards for sludge quality, including stricter limits for most potentially toxic elements, organic contaminants and other elements. In general, untreated sludge is no longer applied and in several Member States it is prohibited. In some cases, stringent standards have resulted in an effective ban on use of sludge in agriculture. Moreover, the implementation of the Urban Wastewater Treatment Directive 91/271/EC should increase EU production of sewage sludge, thus enhancing problems related to sustainable sewage sludge management. Additionally, European legislation prohibits the landfill and water deposits of sewage sludge. The latest trends in the field of sludge management, ie combustion, pyrolysis, gasification and co-combustion, have generated significant scientific interest. This trend is specially strong visible in “new” EU Members countries which have to introduce strong EU Directive in their low system. Here the review the state of knowledge and technology in thermal methods for the utilization of municipal sewage sludge to obtain useful forms of energy such as pyrolysis, gasification, combustion, and co-combustion taking into consideration Poland situation is presented.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
22
Numer
3
Strony
459-469
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-09-01
online
2015-10-05
Twórcy
  • Institute of Thermal Technology, Silesian University of Technology, Konarskiego 22, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland, phone +48 32 237 29 83, fax +48 32 237 28 72, sebastian.werle@polsl.pl
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_eces-2015-0027
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