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2015 | 22 | 3 | 389-400
Tytuł artykułu

Evaluation Of The Usefulness Of Spider Webs As An Air Quality Monitoring Tool For Heavy Metals

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
PL
OCENA EFEKTYWNOŚCI SIECI PAJĘCZYCH W MONITOROWANIU JAKOŚCI POWIETRZA ATMOSFERYCZNEGO
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The study aims at evaluating whether webs reflect the level of air pollution measured with conventional methods. Webs of species Malthonica silvestris (l. KOCH, 1872) (Araneae: Agelenidae) were sampled. Samples were analyzed for heavy metals (Pb, Zn) content. According webs analyses and classic measurements three traffic-oriented sites in Wroclaw (South-West Poland) showed significantly higher mean concentrations of heavy metals than two other sites situated in quieter, low traffic areas. A very strong significant positive correlation was revealed among average concentrations of Zn and Pb associated with fine particulate matter of atmospheric aerosol (PM1) and webs. We also observed a very strong significant positive correlation among Zn and Pb concentrations on webs and PM2.5. Any significant correlation among PM-emission fractions 2.5 and 10 and associated heavy metals and dust deposited on spider webs was not observed. Although spider webs proved useful indicators of environmental pollution the obtained results suggest that this tool should be used to evaluate the emission of heavy metals in the similar way as other bioindicators such as mosses and lichens are commonly used. The measured concentrations on webs do not reflect results obtained with classic methods. We conclude that spider webs are good for bioindication of road traffic emissions, they could be even more reliable compared to use of some other bioindicators whose activity is often limited by the lack of water and sun.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
22
Numer
3
Strony
389-400
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-09-01
online
2015-10-05
Twórcy
  • Biology and Ecology Team, Department of Environmental Protection, Wroclaw University of Technology, ul. Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland, phone +48 71 320 22 37, justyna.rybak@pwr.wroc.pl
  • Ecologistics Team, Department of Environmental Protection, Wroclaw University of Technology, ul. Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland, phone +48 71 320 20 25, izabela.sowka@pwr.wroc.pl
  • Ecologistics Team, Department of Environmental Protection, Wroclaw University of Technology, ul. Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland, phone +48 71 320 20 25
  • Ecologistics Team, Department of Environmental Protection, Wroclaw University of Technology, ul. Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland, phone +48 71 320 20 25
Bibliografia
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  • [10] Foelix RF. Biology of Spiders. New York: Oxford University Press; 2011.
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  • [13] Report on environmental status in Lower Silesia province in 2011. WIOŚ (Provincional Environment Protection Inspectorate). Wrocław, WIOŚ; 2012.
  • [14] Laugh GC, Schauer, JJ, Park JS, Shafer MM., Deminter, JT, Weinstein, JP. Environ Sci Technol. 2005;39:826-836. DOI: 10.1021/es048715f.[Crossref]
  • [15] Gugamsetty B, Wei H, Liu Ch, Awasthi A, Hsu S, Tsai Ch, Roam G, Wu Y, Chen Ch. Aerosol Air Qual Res. 2012; 12: 476-491. DOI:10.4209/aaqr.2012.04.0084.[Crossref]
  • [16] Sternbeck J, Sjodin A, Andreasson K, Atmos Environ. 2002;36:4735-4744. DOI: 10.1016/S1352-2310(02)00561-7.[Crossref]
  • [17] Amato F, Nava S, Lucarelli F, Querol X, Alastuey A, Baldasano JM, Pandolfi M. Sci Total Environ. 2010; 408:4309-4318. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.06.008.[PubMed][Crossref]
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_eces-2015-0021
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