PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2015 | 22 | 1 | 73-81
Tytuł artykułu

Pb-210 Isotope as a Pollutant Emission Indicator / Izotop Pb-210 Jako Znacznik Emisji Zanieczyszczeń

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Passive biomonitoring using 210Pb was used in the paper to evaluate pollutant deposition. Well-developed epiphytic foliose lichens Hypogymnia physodes growing on spruce branches were used in the studies. The samples of mosses Pleurozium schreberi and soil (raw humus) were collected from the area around the tree from which the samples of lichens were collected. The studies have shown that it is possible to identify dust emission sources using a radioactive lead isotope (210Pb). The highest activity of 210Pb was observed in areas with increased deposition of other pollutants, such as Ni, Cd, Cu and Pb, which may indicate that 210Pb is one of the emission components
PL
W pracy zastosowano biomonitoring pasywny, z wykorzystaniem 210Pb, do oceny depozycji zanieczyszczeń. Do badań wykorzystano dobrze wykształcone epifityczne porosty listkowate Hypogymnia physodes, porastające gałęzie świerka. Wokół drzewa, z którego pobrano próbki porostów, pobierano próbki mchów Pleurozium schreberi oraz gleby - próchnicy nadkładowej. W prowadzonych badaniach stwierdzono, że możliwa jest identyfikacja źródeł emisji pyłu przy wykorzystaniu radioaktywnego izotopu ołowiu - 210Pb. Największe aktywności 210Pb zaobserwowano na terenach o zwiększonej depozycji innych zanieczyszczeń, np. Ni, Cd, Cu i Pb, co może wskazywać, że 210Pb jest jednym z komponentów emisji
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
22
Numer
1
Strony
73-81
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-03-01
online
2015-04-18
Twórcy
  • Independent Chair of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Opole University, ul. kard. B. Kominka 6, 45-032 Opole, agna@uni.opole.pl
  • Independent Chair of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Opole University, ul. kard. B. Kominka 6, 45-032 Opole
autor
  • Department of Physics, University of Hradec Králové, Rokitanského 62, 500 03 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
  • Department of Physics, University of Hradec Králové, Rokitanského 62, 500 03 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
  • Independent Chair of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology, Opole University, ul. kard. B. Kominka 6, 45-032 Opole
Bibliografia
  • [1] Szczepaniak K, Biziuk M. Aspects of the biomonitoring studies using mosses and lichens as indicators of metal pollution. Environ Res. 2003;3:221-230. DOI: 10.1016/S0013-9351(03)00141-5.[Crossref]
  • [2] Kłos A, Rajfur M, Wacławek M. Application of lichens for the determination of precipitation pH by the exposure method. In: Pawłowski L, Dudzińska M, Pawłowski A, editors. Environ Eng. London: Taylor&Francis Group; 2007:505-512.
  • [3] Biazrov LG. Lichens as indicators of radioactive contamination. J Radioecol. 1993;1:15-20.
  • [4] Loppi S, Malfatti A, Sani M, Whitehead NE. Lichens as biomonitors of geothermal radionuclide pollution. Geothermics. 1997;26(4):535-540. DOI: 10.1016/S0375-6505(97)00005-9.[Crossref]
  • [5] Mathews KM. The use of lichens in a study of geothermal radon emissions in New Zealand. Environ Pollut. 1981;A24:105-116. DOI: 10.1016/0143-1471(81)90072-6.[Crossref]
  • [6] Santos PL, Gouvea RC, Dutra IR. Lead-210 in vegetables and soils from an area of high natural radioactivity in Brazil. Sci Total Environ. 1993;138:37-46. DOI: 10.1016/0048-9697(93)90403-S.[Crossref]
  • [7] Thomas PA, Gates TE. Radionuclides in the lichen-caribou-human food chain near uranium mining operations in northern Saskatchewan, Canada. Environ Health Perspectiv. 1999;107(7):527-537. DOI: 10.1289/ehp.99107527.[Crossref]
  • [8] Boileau LJR, Beckett PJ, Lavoie P, Richardson DHS. Lichens and mosses as monitors of industrial activity associated with uranium mining in northern Ontario, Canada. Environ Pollut. 1982;B4:69-84.[Crossref]
  • [9] Fahselt D, Wu TW, Mott B. Trace element patterns in lichens following uranium mine closures. Bryologist. 1995;98(2):228-234.[Crossref]
  • [10] Jeran Z, Byrne AR, Batic F. Transplanted epiphytic lichens as biomonitors of air-contamination by natural radionuclides around the Zirovski vrh uranium mine Slovenia. Lichenologist. 1995;27(5):373-385. DOI: 10.1006/lich.1995.0035.[Crossref]
  • [11] Thomas RS, Ibrahim SA. Plutonium concentrations in lichens of Rocky Flats environs. Health Phys. 1995;68(3):311-319. DOI: 10.1097/00004032-199503000-00002.[PubMed][Crossref]
  • [12] Chibowski S, Reszka M. Investigation of Lublin town environment contamination by radionuclides and heavy metals with application of Parmeliaceae lichens. J Radioanalytic Nuclear Chem. 2000;247(2):443-446. DOI: 10.1023/A:1006798828071.[Crossref]
  • [13] Guogang J, Belli M, Sansone U, Rosamilia S, Gaudino S. Concentration, distribution and characteristics of depleted uranium (DU) in the Kosovo ecosystem: A comparison with the uranium behavior in the environment uncontaminated by DU. J Radioanalytic Nuclear Chem. 2004;260(3):481-494. DOI: 10.1023/B:JRNC.0000028206.70671.70.[Crossref]
  • [14] Uğur A, Özden B, Saç MM, Yener G, Altmbaş Ü, Kurucu Y, Bolca M. Lichens and mosses for correlation between trace elements and 210Po in the areas near coal-fired power plant at Yatağan, Turkey. J Radioanalytic Nuclear Chem. 2004;259(1):87-92. DOI: 10.1023/B:JRNC.0000015811.68036.69.[Crossref]
  • [15] Dołhańczuk-Śródka A, Ziembik Z, Wacławek M, Hyšplerová L. Transfer of cesium-137 from forest soil to moss Pleurozium schreberi. Ecol Chem Eng S. 2011;18(4):509-516. http://tchie.uni.opole.pl/freeECE/S_18_4/DolhanczukSrodkaZiembik_18%28S4%29.pdf.
  • [16] Ziembik Z, Dołhańczuk-Śródka A, Majcherczyk T, Wacławek M. Illustration of constrained composition statistical methods in the interpretation of radionuclide concentrations in the moss Pleurozium schreberi. J Environ Radioactiv. 2013;117:13-18. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2012.04.002.[Crossref][WoS]
  • [17] Giovani C, Nimis PL, Bolognini G, Padovani R, Usco A. Bryophytes as indicators of radiocesium deposition in Northeastern Italy. Sci Total Environ. 1994;157:35-43. DOI: 10.1016/0048-9697(94)90563-0.[Crossref]
  • [18] Nifontova M. Current contents of 90Sr and 137Sr in the moss-lichen cover of Piedmont and Mountain Landscapes of the Northern Urals. Russian J Ecol. 2003;34(1):47-51. DOI: 10.1023/A:1021867122150.[Crossref]
  • [19] Horrill AD. Natural and Semi-Natural Pasture Ecosystems and Their Importance in the Context of Environmental Contamination. London, New York: Elsevier; 1990:231-237.
  • [20] Sert E, Uğur A, Özden B, Saç MM, Camgöz B. Biomonitoring of 210Po and 210Pb using lichens and mosses around coal-fired power plants in Western Turkey. J Environ Radioactiv. 2011;102:535-542. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2011.02.005.[WoS][Crossref]
  • [21] Dragović S, Janković Mandic L. Transfer of radionuclides to ants, mosses and lichens in semi-natural ecosystems. Radiation Environ Biophys. 2010;49:625-634. DOI: 10.1007/s00411-010-0319-8.[WoS][Crossref]
  • [22] Varrica D, Aiuppa A, Dongarra G. Volcanic and anthropogenic contribution to heavy metal content in lichens from Mt. Etna and Vulcano island (Sicily). Environ Pollut. 2000;108:153-162. DOI: 10.1016/S0269-7491(99)00246-8.[Crossref]
  • [23] Prudêncio MI. Biogeochemistry of trace and major elements in a surface environment (volcanic rock, soil, mosses, lichens) in the S. Miguel Island, Azores, Portugal. J Radioanalytic Nuclear Chem. 2007;271:431-437. DOI: 10.1007/s10967-007-0227-9.[WoS][Crossref]
  • [24] Popovic D, Todorovic D, Frontasyeva M, Ajtic J, Tasic M, Rajsie S. Radionuclides and heavy metals in Borovac, Southern Serbia. Environ Sci Pollut Res. 2008;15:509-520. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-008-0003-6.[Crossref]
  • [25] Kłos A. Porosty w biomonitoringu środowiska (Lichens in Environmental Biomonitoring). Studia i Monografie; Opole: Opole University; 2009.
  • [26] Dołhańczuk-Śródka A, Majcherczyk T, Ziembik Z, Smuda M, Wacławek M. Spatial 137Cs distribution in forest soil. Nukleonika. 2006;51(Suppl.2):69-79.
  • [27] Al-Haidarey MJS, Hassan FM, Al-Kubaisey ARA, Douabul AAZ. The geoaccumulation Index of Some Heavy Metals in Al-Hawizeh Marsh. Iraq. E-J Chem. 2010;7:157-162. DOI: 10.1155/2010/839178.[Crossref]
  • [28] Bem H. Radioaktywność w środowisku naturalnym (Radioactivity in Natural Environment). Łódź: PAN; 2005.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_eces-2015-0004
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.