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2015 | 22 | 1 | 9-44
Tytuł artykułu

Impact of Environmental Contaminants on Breast Cancer / Wpływ Zanieczyszczenia Środowiska Na Raka Piersi

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Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer in women. It is believed that among the causes of breast cancer, hereditary factors account for only 5-10% of risk and the environmental exposures to environmental contaminants account for an additional 30-50% of risk. This paper summarizes findings related to the risk of breast cancer due to exposure to following environmental contaminants: polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls and dioxins, organochlorine pesticides, organophosphorous pesticides, bisphenol A, phthalates, parabens, organic solvents, atmospheric pollutants, alkylphenols, metals, ionizing radiation, electromagnetic field and light pollution. Results obtained in in vitro experiments with breast cancer cell lines and in vivo with model rodents as well as in population based case-control studies are presented and the mode of action of individual environmental contaminants on mammary gland is discussed. Attention is also devoted to the effects of the timing of exposure to environmental contaminants (mainly exposition during development of the mammary gland) on breast cancer risk. Outcomes of professional exposure to some environmental contaminants on breast cancer risk are analysed as well
PL
Rak piersi jest najczęściej występującym rakiem u kobiet. Uważa się, że jedną z przyczyn tego raka są czynniki dziedziczne, którym przypisuje się jedynie 5-10% zachorowań, a ekspozycja na zanieczyszczenia środowiska stanowi dodatkowe 30-50%. Artykuł ten podsumowuje wyniki badań nad ryzykiem zachorowania na raka piersi w związku z narażeniem na następujące zanieczyszczenia środowiska: wielopierścieniowe węglowodory aromatyczne, polichlorowane bifenyle i dioksyny, pestycydy chloroorganiczne, pestycydy fosforoorganiczne, bisfenol A, ftalany, parabeny, rozpuszczalniki organiczne, zanieczyszczenia powietrza, alkilofenole, metale, promieniowanie jonizujące, pole elektromagnetyczne i zanieczyszczenie światłem. Przedstawiono wyniki badań uzyskane in vitro na liniach komórek raka piersi, in vivo na modelowych gryzoniach, a także wyniki badań przypadków w populacji, opartych na sposobie działania poszczególnych substancji zanieczyszczających środowisko na gruczoły sutkowe. Badano również wpływ czasu ekspozycji na zanieczyszczenia środowiska (głównie ekspozycja podczas rozwoju gruczołu sutkowego) na ryzyko zachorowania na raka piersi. Przeanalizowano także wpływ zawodowego narażenia na niektóre zanieczyszczenia na ryzyko zachorowania na raka piersi
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
22
Numer
1
Strony
9-44
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-03-01
online
2015-04-18
Twórcy
  • Faculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius University, 842 15 Bratislava, Slovakia, phone +421 2 60 296 340, fax +421 2 65 429 064, kralova@fns.uniba.sk
  • Department of Chemical Drugs, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Palackeho 1/3, 61242 Brno, Czech Republic
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