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2015 | 36 | 3 | 305-320
Tytuł artykułu

Investigations of operation problems at a 200 MWe PF boiler

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
To minimize oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emission, maximize boiler combustion efficiency, achieve safe and reliable burner combustion, it is crucial to master global boiler and at-the-burner control of fuel and air flows. Non-uniform pulverized fuel (PF) and air flows to burners reduce flame stability and pose risk to boiler safety by risk of reverse flue gas and fuel flow into burners. This paper presents integrated techniques implemented at pilot ESKOM power plants for the determination of global boiler air/flue gas distribution, wind-box air distribution and measures for making uniform the flow being delivered to burners within a wind-box system. This is achieved by Process Flow Modelling, at-the-burner static pressure measurements and CFD characterization. Global boiler mass and energy balances combined with validated site measurements are used in an integrated approach to calculate the total (stoichiometric + excess) air mass flow rate required to burn the coal quality being fired, determine the actual quantity of air that flows through the burners and the furnace ingress air. CFD analysis and use of at-the-burner static, total pressure and temperature measurements are utilized in a 2-pronged approach to determine root-causes for burner fires and to evaluate secondary air distribution between burners.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
36
Numer
3
Strony
305-320
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-09-01
otrzymano
2015-03-11
poprawiono
2015-07-21
zaakceptowano
2015-07-23
online
2015-11-05
Twórcy
autor
  • ESKOM SOC, Group Technology Engineering, Boiler Auxiliaries, 1 Simba Rd, Sunninghill, Johannesburg, South Africa, sandile.peta@gmail.com
  • ESKOM SOC, Generation Engineering, Camden Power Plant, Ermelo, South Africa
  • University of Witwatersrand, School of Mechanical, Industrial and Aeronautical Engineering, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • University of Witwatersrand, School of Mechanical, Industrial and Aeronautical Engineering, Johannesburg, South Africa
autor
  • University of Cape Town, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, Cape Town, South Africa
Bibliografia
  • Archary H., Jestin L.M., Roohani H., 2012. Online measurement and condition based maintenance of pulverised fuel vertical spindle mills. POWER-GEN AFRICA 2012. Johannesburg, South Africa, 6-8 November 2012.
  • Brown R., 2004. Coal and air flow measurement and control at Allegheny’s Armstrong Station. EPRI, March 29, 2004. Available at: http://www.epri.com/abstracts/Pages/ProductAbstract.aspx?ProductId=000000000001009374
  • Department of Trade and Industry, 2001. Technology status report. Pulverised fuel (PF) flow measurement and control methods for utility boilers. Available at: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http://www.berr.gov.uk/files/file19294.pdf.
  • Peta S., du Toit C., Jestin L.M., Roohani H., 2012. Burner flow controls for safe, reliable, complete and clean combustion. POWER-GEN AFRICA 2012. Johannesburg, South Africa, 6-8 November 2012. van der Merwe J.C., Roohani H., Jestin L.M., Simonin O., van Wyk C., Archary H., 2012. Mastering pulverised fuel distribution to low-NOx burners for safety and environmental protection. POWER-GEN AFRICA 2012.
  • Johannesburg, South Africa, 6-8 November 2012.
  • Winkler H., 2006. Energy policies for sustainable development in South Africa. Options for the future. Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town. Available at: https://www.iaea.org/OurWork/ST/NE/Pess/assets/South_Africa_Report_May06.pdf.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_cpe-2015-0021
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