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2015 | 28 | 4 | 244-246
Tytuł artykułu

BMI in patients with obstructive sleep apnea

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a disease of multicasual etiology. The risk factors include obesity, among other issues. Hence, it is extremely important to determine the effect of body weight on the severity of OSA. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of the body weight expressed as body mass index (BMI), on the value of upper airways diameter and on the AHI (Apnea-Hypopnea Index) value. The study was comprised of 41 patients diagnosed with OSA by way of polysomnography. Each patient was first examine via a lateral cephalometric image of the skull, which served to measure the upper and lower diameter of the upper airways. BMI was also calculated for each patient. Statistical analysis was carried out in accordance with Pearson’s correlation coefficient test. Our work demonstrated a negative correlation between BMI and the diameter of the upper airways, and a positive correlation between BMI and AHI value. We thus put forward that the increase in body weight in patients with OSA can contribute to the severity of the disease, regardless of the fact that it may not lead to a reduction of the lumen of the upper airways.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
28
Numer
4
Strony
244-246
Opis fizyczny
Daty
wydano
2015-12-01
otrzymano
2015-10-23
zaakceptowano
2015-10-26
online
2015-12-30
Twórcy
  • Chair and Department of Jaw Orthopaedics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
  • Chair and Department of Jaw Orthopaedics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
autor
  • Dental Office, Lubartów, Poland
  • Chair and Department of Paedodontics, Medical University of Lublin, Karmelicka 7, Lublin 20-081, Poland, szymanska.lublin@gmail.com
Bibliografia
  • 1. Bacon W.H., Turlot J.C., Krieger J., et al.: Cephalometric evaluation of pharyngeal obstructive factors in patients with sleep apnea syndrome. Angle Orthod., 115, 60, 1990.
  • 2. Davies R.J., Ali N.J., Stradling R.J.: Neck circumference and other clinical features in the diagnosis of the obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. Thorax, 377, 5, 1992.
  • 3. Davies R.J., Stradling J.R.: The relationship between neck circumference, radiographic pharyngeal anatomy and the obstructive sleep syndrome. Eur. Respire J., 509, 3, 1990.
  • 4. Kuźmińska M., Marcinkowska-Suchowierska E.: Otyłość a obturacyjny bezdech senny. Post. Nauk Med., 9, 26, 2013.
  • 5. Mayer P., Pepin G., Bettega D., et al.: Relationship between body mass index, age and upper airway measurements in snorers and sleep apnoea patients. Eur. Respire J., 1801, 9, 1996.
  • 6. Ono T., Lowe A.A., Ferguson K.A., et al.: Associations between upper airway structure, body position and obesity in skeletal Class I male patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop., 625, 109, 1996.[Crossref]
  • 7. Özbek M.M., Keisuke M., Lowe A.A., et al.: Natural head posture, upper airway morphology and obstructive sleep apnoea severity in adults. Europ. J. Orthodontics, 133, 20, 1998.[Crossref]
  • 8. Pae E.K., Lowe A.A., Fleetham J.A.: A role of pharyngeal length in obstructive sleep apnea patients. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop., 12, 111, 1997.
  • 9. Pancer J., Al-Faifi S., Al-Faifi M., et al.: Evaluation of two mandibular advancement appliance for treatment of snoring and sleep apnea. Chest, 1511, 116, 1999.[Crossref]
  • 10. Pracharktam N., Nelson S., Hans M.G. i wsp. Cephalometric assessment in obstructive sleep apnea. Am. J. Orthod. Dentofac. Orthop., 410, 109, 1996.[Crossref]
  • 11. Rola R., editor (2010). Zaburzenia oddychania podczass snu (ZOPS) u pacjentów z udarem niedokrwiennym mózgu i zaburzeniami krążenia mózgowego. Warszawa: Instytut Psychiatrii i Neurologii.
  • 12. Szymańska J., Dobrowolska-Zarzycka M.: Objawy, powikłania i leczenie obturacyjnego bezdechu sennego. Med. Og. Nauki Zdr., 391, 19, 2013.
  • 13. Szymańska J., Dobrowolska-Zarzycka M.: The influence of upper airways diameter on the intensity of obstructive sleep apnea. Ann. Agric. Environ. Med., 217, 21, 2014.[Crossref]
  • 14. Tangugsorn U., Skatvedt O., Krogstadt O., et al.: Obstructive sleep a cephalometric study. Part I. Cervico-craniofacial skeletal morphology. Eur. J. Orthod., 45, 17, 1995.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_cipms-2015-0080
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