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2015 | 13 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Treatment of wastewater from production of meat-bone meal

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Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The paper presents the results of the selection of the flocculent and coagulant types as well as the evaluation of the best parameters of treatment of wastewater deriving from meat-bone meal (MBM) production. The efficiency of purification depends on the composition of the coagulant and flocculent as well as the magnitude of the applied dose. The use of ferrous sulfate PIX 113 coagulant assured the highest reduction of the contamination content in filtrate, resulting in the reduction of color of wastewater by 96.8%, turbidity by 99.2%, and the phosphorus content by 99.9% and nitrogen by 92.4%, with the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) being reduced by 62.8%. The X-ray method proved the significant presence of phosphorus salts in the content of sediment. The moisture content in the sediment varied from 45 to 78.5%. The elaborated method of pretreatment of wastewater from meat-bone meal unit was verified on an industrial scale. A very high reduction of the phosphorus content in filtrate (> 99.9%), and a significant reduction of COD as well as nitrogen and suspended solid contents (90−95%) were presented. A high reduction of contamination in filtrate increases the production capacity of the existing biological treatment plant, in the next step of treatment of filtrate in the biological treatment unit.
EN
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
13
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
Daty
otrzymano
2015-05-11
zaakceptowano
2015-10-15
online
2015-11-23
Twórcy
  • Institute of Chemistry and Inorganic Technology, Cracow University of Technology, Warszawska 24, 31-155 Cracow, Poland
  • Institute of Chemistry and Inorganic Technology, Cracow University of Technology, Warszawska 24, 31-155 Cracow, Poland
  • Department of Advanced Material Technologies, Faculty of Chemistry, Wroclaw University of Technology, Gdańska 7/9, 50-344 Wrocław, Poland
Bibliografia
  • [1] Wilkosz-Język A., Production of calcium phosphates from meat-bone meal, PhD Thesis, Cracow University of Technology, 2007, (in Polish).
  • [2] Olszewski A., Technology of meat processing, Warszawa, WNT, 2002, (in Polish).
  • [3] Kowalski Z., Konopka M., Krupa-Żuczek K., Wilkosz A., Animal Fat Recovery from the Meat and Postflotation Waste and their Use as Substitute of the Natural Gas, In: V Čablik (Ed.), 10th Conference on Environment and Mineral Processing (22-26.06.2006), VSB-TU Ostrava, Czech Republic, 2006, 271-275.
  • [4] Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Reference Document on Best Available Techniques in the Slaughterhouses and Animal By-products Industries, EC, May 2005.
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  • [6] Kowalski Z., Krupa-Żuczek K., A model of the meat waste management, Pol. J. Chem. Technol., 2007, 9, 91-97.
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  • [17] Sena R.F., Tambosi J.L., Genena K., Moreira R.F.P.M., Schröder H.F., José H.J., Treatment of meat industry wastewater using dissolved air flotation and advanced oxidation processes monitored by GC–MS and LC–MS, Chem. Eng. J., 2009, 152, 151-157.
  • [18] Kowalski Z., Makara A., Research report C-1/133/DS/2014. Research on treatment of wastewater from meat-bone meal production. Cracow University of Technology, 2014 (not published, in Polish).
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  • [20] Polish Standard PN-ISO 6060; 2006. Determination of chemical oxide demand COD.
  • [21] Polish Standard PN-EN 1899-1; 2002. Determination of biological oxide demand BOD5.
  • [22] Polish Standard PN-EN 25663; 2001. Determination of Kjeldahl’s nitrogen.
  • [23] Polish Standard PN-EN 13342; 2002. Determination of Kjeldahl’s nitrogen in sewage sludge.
  • [24] Polish Standard PN-EN ISO 6878; 2006. Determination of phosphorus with spectrophotometric method.
  • [25] Polish Standard PN-EN ISO 7887:2002. Color measurement.
  • [26] Polish Standard PN-EN ISO 7027:2003. Turbidity measurement.
  • [27] Polish Standard PN-EN 872; 2007. Determination of total suspended solids.
  • [28] Polish Standard PN-EN 13346; 2002. Determination of cadmium, chromium, nickel, lead, zinc, mercury with FAAS method.
  • [29] Polish Standard PN-Z-15011-3:2001; Compost from municipal waste. Determination of pH, organic matter, organic carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_chem-2015-0145
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