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2015 | 13 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Comparison of two different methods for gross alpha and beta activity determination in water samples

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Measurement of the gross alpha and beta activity concentrations in various matrices is suitable as a preliminary screening procedure to determine whether further analysis related to specific radionuclide is necessary. In Serbia, according to current regulations, radioactivity concentrations in drinking water for gross alpha and gross beta should be < 0.5 and < 1.0 Bq L−1, respectively. The generally accepted methods for gross alpha and beta activity analysis of drinking water in different countries are: EPA 900.0 and ISO methods (ISO 9696, water quality – measurement of gross alpha activity in non-saline water – thick source method, and ISO 9697, water quality – measurement of gross beta activity in non-saline water). This paper describes comparison of preparations and measurement gross alpha and beta activity in bottled mineral waters as well as in tap waters in Serbia using two methods: EPA 900.0 with and without ash, and ISO methods. Concentration of total dissolved solids (TDS) in investigated water samples was determined. Based on obtained TDS, certain volume was evaporated. The instrumentation used to count the gross alpha and gross beta activities for both methods is α/β low level proportional counter Thermo Eberline FHT 770 T.
EN
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
13
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
Daty
otrzymano
2014-02-28
zaakceptowano
2014-07-13
online
2015-01-07
Twórcy
  • University of Belgrade, Institute of Nuclear Science Vinča, Radiation
    and Environmental Protection Department, 11001 Belgrade, Serbia
  • University of Belgrade, Institute of Nuclear Science Vinča, Radiation
    and Environmental Protection Department, 11001 Belgrade, Serbia
  • University of Belgrade, Institute of Nuclear Science Vinča, Radiation
    and Environmental Protection Department, 11001 Belgrade, Serbia
  • University of Belgrade, Institute of Nuclear Science Vinča, Radiation
    and Environmental Protection Department, 11001 Belgrade, Serbia
Bibliografia
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  • [3] WHO (World Health Organization), Guidelines for Drinking WaterQuality: Radiological Aspects, 3rd edition, Geneva, 2004.
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  • [5] EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), Prescribed Proceduresfor Measurement of Radioactivity in Drinking Water,EPA−600/4−80−032; Method 900.0, 1980.
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  • [9] ISO (International Standardization Organization) 9696, WaterQuality-Measurement of Gross Alpha Activity in Non-SalineWater-Thick Source Method, Geneva, 2007.
  • [10] ISO (International Standardization Organization) 9697, WaterQuality-Measurement of Gross Beta Activity in Non-Saline Water-Thick Source Method, Geneva, 2008.
  • [11] Kleinschmidt R.I., Gross alpha and beta activity analysis inwater-a routine laboratory method using liquid scintillationanalysis, Appl. Radiat. Isot., 2004, 61, 333-338.
  • [12] Jobbagy V., Kavasi N., Somlai J., Dombovari P., Gyongyosi C.,Kovacs T., Gross alpha and beta activity concentrations in springwaters in Balaton Upland, Hungary, Radiat. Measurem., 2011,46, 159-163.
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  • [17] Staffova P., Determination of Gross alpha and Beta activities inwater samples by liquid scintillation counting, Czechoslovak J.Phys. 2006, 56, 299-305.
  • [18] Todorovic N., Nikolov J., Tenjovic B., Bikit I., Veskovic M.,Establishment of a method for measurement of gross alpha/betaactivities in water from Vojvodina region, Radiat. Measurem.,2012, 47, 1053-1059.
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  • [21] WHO (World Health Organization), Guidelines for DrinkingWater Quality, 3rd edition including the first addendum Geneva,2006.
  • [22] Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, Regulation on limitsof radionuclide content in drinking water, foodstuffs, feedingstuffs, drugs, items of general use, building materials and othergoods to be placed on the market, 86/11, Serbia, 2011.
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  • [24] Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, Regulation on qualityand other requirements for natural mineral water, spring waterand bottled drinking water, 53/05, Serbia 2005.
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  • [27] Jobbagy V., Merešova J., Watjen U., Critical remarks on grossalpha/beta activity analysis in drinking waters: Conclusionsfrom a European interlaboratory comparison, Applied Radiationand Isotopes, 2014, 87, 429-434.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_chem-2015-0081
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