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Tytuł artykułu

PAH and PCB Levels inMalva sylvestrisL. Specimens Collected from Kocaeli, Turkey

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
In this study, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) contaminations in the leaf, stem and root tissues of common mallow (Malva sylvestris L.) were investigated by using gas chromatography to give an insight into the bioaccumulation of these persistent pollutants. The sampling stations are located in the Dilovası and İzmit Districts of Kocaeli Province in Turkey. Total PAH concentrations varied between 10.44 and 61.15 pg g-1 dw (dry weight). The most dominant PAH congeners were Acenaphthene and Acenaphthylene which are low molecular weight. Total PCB concentrations were found to be between 326.79 and 4496.42 pg g-1 dw. PCB 66, PCB 110, PCB 153 and PCB 180 were found to be the most dominant congeners. Detected concentrations in root tissues showed the plant’s ability in accumulating these pollutants. Therefore, these findings suggest that Malva sylvestris can reflect the contamination levels which might be used to monitor soil and ecological pollution levels caused by these persistent pollutants.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
2
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
Daty
otrzymano
2015-12-12
zaakceptowano
2016-01-21
online
2016-02-05
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Biology,
    Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Kocaeli University, 41380, Kocaeli,
    Turkey
autor
  • Department of Biology,
    Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Kocaeli University, 41380, Kocaeli,
    Turkey
  • Department of Biology,
    Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Kocaeli University, 41380, Kocaeli,
    Turkey
autor
  • Department of Biology,
    Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Kocaeli University, 41380, Kocaeli,
    Turkey
Bibliografia
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  • [6] Prudente A.S., Loddi A.M., Duarte M.R., Santos A.R., PochapskiM.T., Pizzolatti M.G., Hayashi S.S., Campos F.R., Pontarolo R.,Santos F.A., et al., Pre-clinical anti-inflammatory aspects of acuisine and medicinal millennial herb: Malva sylvestris L., FoodChem. Toxicol., 2013, 58, 324-31.[WoS]
  • [7] United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Method8082A Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) by gas chromatography,Revision 1, February, 2008, http://www3.epa.gov/epawaste/hazard/testmethods/sw846/pdfs/8082a.pdf
  • [8] United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),Method 8100 Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. Revision 0,September, 1986, http://www3.epa.gov/epawaste/hazard/testmethods/sw846/pdfs/8100.pdf
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  • [10] Perwak J., Byrne M., Coons S., Goyer M., Harris J., CruseP., Derosier R., Moss K., Wendt S., An exposure and riskassessment for Benzo
  • [a]pyrene and other polycyclic aromatichydrocarbons, United States Environmental Protection Agency(EPA), Washington DC, 1982.
  • [11] European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Panel on Contaminantsin the Food Chain (CONTAM), Opinion of the scientific panelon contaminants in the food chain on a request from thecommission related to the presence of nondioxin-like polychlorinatedbiphenyls (PCB) in feed and food, The EFSA Journal,2005, 284, 1-137, http://www.efsa.europa.eu/sites/default/files/scientific_output/files/main_documents/284.pdf
  • [12] Bacci E., Gaggi C., Polychlorinated biphenyls in plant foliage:Translocation of volatilization from contaminated soils, B.Environ. Contam. Tox., 1985, 35, 673-681.
  • [13] White J.C., Parrish Z.D., Isleyen M., Gent M.P., Iannucci BergerW., Eitzer B.D., Mattina M.I., Influence of nutrient amendmentson the phytoextraction of weather 2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-1,1-dichloroethylene by cucurbits, Environmental Toxicologyand Chemistry, 2005, 4, 987-994.
  • [14] Aslund M.L.W., Rutter A., Reimer K., Zeeb B.A., The effectsof repeated planting, planting density, and specific transferpathways on PCB uptake by Cucurbita pepo grown in fieldconditions, Sci. Total Environ., 2008, 405, 14-25.[WoS]
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_bimo-2015-0007
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