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2015 | 2 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Harmonized European human biomonitoring in small countries: Challenges, opportunities and lessons learned in Cyprus and Luxembourg from the DEMOCOPHES study

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Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Background: To advance human biomonitoring (HBM) for policy support in Europe, a harmonized approach was developed (COPHES project, FP7 2009- 2012) and evaluated in 17 countries (DEMOCOPHES project, Life+, 2010-2012). Cyprus (CY) and Luxembourg (LU) tested the hypothesis that the COPHES European Protocol is applicable to small countries.Materials and methods: In 2011-12, the European Protocol was adopted and tested by CY and LU for the harmonized biomonitoring of 60 children and their mothers for cadmium, phthalates and cotinine in urine and for mercury in scalp hair in two sampling areas (urban, rural). Results: Both small countries achieved the preset goals for recruitment, sample collection and analysis, which allowed for the first time the assessment of children’s and mothers’ exposures to the selected chemicals in comparison with other countries. Capacity building was accomplished and communication actions were particularly effective, with both countries taking advantage of their small size to access participants, policy makers, other stakeholders and the press. Time constrains and requirements for capacity building were limiting factors. Conclusion: The COPHES European Protocol for HBM surveys is attainable in small countries. The following elements are fundamental in the design of a harmonized European HBM program, from the perspective of small countries: (a) consultation with and active involvement of the implementing countries, (b) flexibility for national decisions, while not compromising harmonization, (c) elaboration of standardized methods, procedures and documents (d) quality assurance mechanisms, (e) means of training and support.
Wydawca

Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
2
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
Daty
otrzymano
2015-03-09
zaakceptowano
2015-04-03
online
2015-04-30
Twórcy
  • Human Biomonitoring
    and Industrial Products Laboratory, Cyprus State General
    Laboratory, Ministry of Health, 44 Kimonos Str., 1451 Nicosia,
    Cyprus
autor
  • Laboratoire National de la Santé (LNS), Dudelange,
    Luxembourg
  • Larnaca General Hospital, Ministry of Health,
    Republic of Cyprus
autor
  • Initiativ Liewensufank, Itzig, Luxembourg
autor
  • State General Laboratory (SGL), Ministry of Health, Republic
    of Cyprus
autor
  • Luxembourg Institute of Science
    and Technology, (LIST), Belvaux, Luxembourg
  • State General Laboratory (SGL), Ministry of Health, Republic
    of Cyprus
autor
  • Luxembourg Institute of Science
    and Technology, (LIST), Belvaux, Luxembourg
  • State General Laboratory (SGL), Ministry of Health, Republic
    of Cyprus
autor
  • Luxembourg Institute of Science
    and Technology, (LIST), Belvaux, Luxembourg
autor
  • State General Laboratory (SGL), Ministry of Health, Republic
    of Cyprus
autor
  • State General Laboratory (SGL), Ministry of Health, Republic
    of Cyprus
  • State General Laboratory (SGL), Ministry of Health, Republic
    of Cyprus
autor
  • State General Laboratory (SGL), Ministry of Health, Republic
    of Cyprus
  • State General Laboratory (SGL), Ministry of Health, Republic
    of Cyprus
autor
  • State General Laboratory (SGL), Ministry of Health, Republic
    of Cyprus
autor
  • Federal Public Service Health, Food chain safety
    and Environment, Belgium
autor
  • KU Leuven, Belgium
autor
  • Federal Public Service Health, Food chain safety
    and Environment, Belgium
  • Umweltbundesamt (UBA), Berlin,
    Germany
autor
  • Flemish Institute for Technological Research
    (VITO), Environmental Risk and Health, Belgium
autor
  • Flemish Institute for Technological Research
    (VITO), Environmental Risk and Health, Belgium
autor
  • Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
autor
  • Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
autor
  • Umweltbundesamt (UBA), Berlin,
    Germany
autor
  • Public Health England, United Kingdom
autor
  • Public Health England, United Kingdom
autor
  • Luxembourg Institute of Science
    and Technology, (LIST), Belvaux, Luxembourg
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_bimo-2015-0005
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