Nowa wersja platformy, zawierająca wyłącznie zasoby pełnotekstowe, jest już dostępna.
Przejdź na


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2015 | 7 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Teaching material based on biomechanical evidence: ‘high-jump hurdles’ for improving fundamental motor skills

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Study aim: the purpose of this study has been to develop teaching materials to help improve junior high school students’ fundamental ability to repeatedly run and jump with a high and far-reaching travelling motion and to confirm the effectiveness of a new unit using teaching materials that are experimental in comparison to a conventional unit. Materials and methods: one unit emphasized the conventional approach. This unit aims to improve the ability to step over hurdles. To help improve this ability, a ‘step-up hurdle’ was used as the conventional teaching material. This task focused on reducing the up-and-down motion using three hurdles whose height was set lower than those used in a competitive hurdle run. The other unit aims to improve the ability to jump high and far over hurdles. To help improve this ability, ‘high-jump hurdles’ were developed and used as the teaching material. The motor skill task was to clear three hurdles without knocking a hurdle down, with the hurdle height set as high as possible. Such conventional and new units were used for a group of 25 girls and a group of 18 girls in a junior high school (CON and EXP, respectively) and were conducted during six lessons. Results: EXP’s high-jump hurdle scores significantly increased throughout the advanced lessons. While CON did not significantly improve its hurdle running times in a post-test, there was a significant improvement in EXP. Although CON did not significantly lengthen the horizontal clearance distance from take-off to landing in the post-test, there was a significant lengthening in EXP. Conclusions: these findings suggest that new teaching material for teaching hurdling in physical education which aims to improve the ability to jump high and far over hurdles improves hurdle running time and improves the fundamental ability to repeat running and jumping travelling motor skills in contrast to traditional materials.

Opis fizyczny
  • Faculty of Health and Sport Science, Ritsumeikan University, Shiga, Japan
  • Faculty of Health and Sport Science, Ritsumeikan University, Shiga, Japan
  • Faculty of Health and Sport Science, Ritsumeikan University, Shiga, Japan
  • Faculty of Health and Sport Science, Ritsumeikan University, Shiga, Japan
  • Ikeshima Junior High School, Osaka, Japan
  • 1. Akutsu C., A. Yamamoto, T. Urata, T. Nakamura, A. Ito (2012) PVC mini-hurdles, which do not hurt and terrify. Taiikuka Kyouiku, 60: 44−45, (in Japanese).
  • 2. Busscher I., W.J.M. Gerver, I. Kingma, F.H. Wapstra, J. Verkerke, A. G.Veldhuizen (2011) The growth of different body length dimensions is not predictive for the peak growth velocity of sitting height in the individual child. Eur. Spine J., 20: 791−797. DOI: 10.1007/s00586-010-1584-6[Crossref]
  • 3.
  • 4. Coh M. (2004) Biomechanical analysis of 110 m hurdle clearance technique. Mod. Athl. Coach, 42: 4−8.
  • 5. Coh M., J. Iskra (2012) Biomechanical studies of 110 m hurdle clearance technique. Sport Sci., 5(1): 10−14.
  • 6. Fortune M.A.L. (1988) Biomechanical analysis of 110m hurdles. In: J. Jarver (ed) The hurdles: contemporary theory, technique and training. 2nd ed. Tafnews Press, Mountain View, pp. 70−72.
  • 7. Gavin T. (1977) Low the hurdles at elementary and junior high levels. Athl. J., 57: 42–43.
  • 8. Geithner C.A., T. Satake, B. Woynarowska, R.M. Malina (1999) Adolescent spurts in body dimensions: average and modal sequences. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 11: 287−295. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1520-6300(1999)11:3287::AID-AJHB1 3.0.CO;2-H
  • 9. Hay J.G. (1978) The biomechanics of sports techniques. 2nd ed. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, pp. 400−406.
  • 10. Ito A. (2010) Teaching content clarified by the science of hurdle running: recommending simple hurdle running. Jpn. J. Pedagog. of Physic. Edu., 26: 29−34, (in: Japanese). 11. Ito A., H. Ichikawa (1999) Science in track and field: hurdles (1). Gekkan Rikujoukyougi Magazine, 33: 166−167, (in: Japanese).
  • 12. Ito A., M. Ishikawa, J. Isolehto, P.V. Komi (2006) Changes in the step width, step length, and step frequency of the world’s top sprinters during the 100 metre. New Stud. Athl., 21: 35−39.
  • 13. McDonald C., J. Dapena (1991) Linear kinematics of the men’s 110-m and women’s 100-m hurdles races. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., 23: 1382−1391. DOI: 10.1249/00005768-199112000-00010[Crossref]
  • 14.
  • 15. Morita M., A. Ito, H. Numazawa, K. Ogiso, T. Yasui (1994) Second section: Analysis of sprint hurdle running (110 mH & 100 mH) and 400-m hurdles. In: Biomechanical Research Team in 3rd IAAF World Championships (ed). Skill of world-top class athlete. Baseball magazine Press, Tokyo, pp. 66−91, (in Japanese).
  • 16. Obens T. (1985) Pressure distribution and velocity as characteristics of hurdle running. In: D.A., Winter, R.W. Norman, R.P. Wells, K.C. Hayes, A.E. Patla (eds). International Series on Biomechanics: Biomechanics IX-B. Human Kinetics Publishers, Champaign, pp. 364−369.
  • 17. Otsuka M. (2013) Sprint running lesson evaluated by attitude measurement: the effect of a developmental stage, sex, and positive feelings. Jpn. J. Pedagog. Physic. Edu., 29: 49−62, (in Japanese). DOI:
  • 18. Otsuka M., M. Ito, A. Ito (2010) Analysis of hurdle running at various inter-hurdle distances in an elementary school PE class. Int. J. Sport Health Sci., 8: 35−42.[Crossref]
  • 19. Otsuka M., M. Ito, A. Ito (2011) Examination about the effectiveness of new methods of teaching hurdle running based on sport biomechanics: for elementary school 6th graders in PE. Jpn. J. Pedag. Physic. Edu., 27: 1−18, (in Japanese: English abstract).
  • 20. Otsuka M., S. Otomo, T. Isaka, T. Kurihara, A. Ito (2015) Recommendations for instructional content: relationship of hurdle clearance motion with body height and hurdle running time in 12–14 year old boys. J. Physic. Edu. Sport, 15: 194−201. DOI: 10.7752/jpes.2015.02030.[Crossref]
  • 21. Scammon R.E. (1930) The measurement of the body in childhood. In: J.A. Harris, C.M. Jackson, D.G. Paterson, R.E. Scammon (eds). The measurement of Man. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, pp. 193.
  • 22. Schmidt R.A. (1991) Frequent augmented feedback can degrade learning: evidence and interpretations. In: J. Requin, G.E. Stelmach (eds). Tutorials in Motor Neuroscience. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 59–75.
  • 23. Shimizu Y. (2008) Physical education in elementary school. Aspects of exercise and teaching that can be understood through photographs. Track and field. Taisyukan Press, Tokyo, pp. 48−55, (in Japanese).
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.