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2015 | 7 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Differences in anthropometric, motoric and cognitive abilities between athletically trained and untrained girls

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Study aim: the aim of the study was to identify differences between athletically trained and untrained subjects with respect to body composition, motor and cognitive abilities. Materials and methods: three groups of girls aged 12 to 14 years old participated in the study: young judokas (n = 42), volleyball players (n = 54) and their untrained peers (n = 54). Variables of interest were assessed through eight motor tests, nine anthropometric variables and the RSPM. Results: this study showed differences in some anthropometric characteristics and almost all motoric abilities between trained girls and untrained girls (p < 0.05), indicating that well-programmed activity can positively influence these characteristics and abilities. In addition, group of volleyball players presented significantly better results in cognitive abilities (p < 0.01), indicating a need for intelligence in complex sports like volleyball. Conclusions: generally, the trained groups of athletes possessed better coordination and strength than their untrained counterparts.
Wydawca

Rocznik
Tom
7
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
Daty
online
2015-06-24
Twórcy
  • Institute of Sport and Physical Education, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russia
  • Institute of Sport and Physical Education, North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk, Russia
  • Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University in Novi Sad, Serbia
autor
  • Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University in Novi Sad, Serbia
Bibliografia
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  • 4. Bompa T.O. (2000) Periodization. Theory and Methodology of Training. Champaign, Ill: Human Kinetics.
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  • 6. Drid P., Bala G., Obadov S. (2010) The differences in motor and cognitive abilities between the more and less successful 12–14 years old judokas. Archives of BUDO, 6(2): 95-100.
  • 7. Drid P., Maksimovic N., Matic R., Obradovic B., Milosevic Z., Ostojic S.M. (2009) Fitness profiles of elite female judokas of the Serbian national team. Medicina dello Sport, 62(3): 251-263.
  • 8. Fleck S. J., Kraemer W. (2014) Designing Resistance Training Programs, 4E. Human Kinetics.
  • 9. Franchini E., Takito M.Y., Kiss A.P.D.M., Strerkowicz S. (2005) Physical fitness and anthropometrical differences between elite and non-elite judo players. Biol. Sport, 22(4): 315.
  • 10. Godina E., Khomyakova I., Purundzhan A., Tretyak A., Zadorozhnaya L. (2007) Effect of physical training on body composition in Moscow adolescents. J. Physiol. Anthropol., 26(2): 229-234.
  • 11. Grabara M., Hadzik A. (2009) Postural variables in girls practicing volleyball. Biomed. Hum. Kinet., 1: 67-71.
  • 12. Higashiura T., Nishihira Y., Kamijo K., Hatta A., Kim S.R., Hayashi K., Kuroiwa K. (2006) <Originals> The Interactive Effects of Exercise Intensity and Duration on Cognitive Processing in the Central Nervous System. Adv. Exerc. Sports Physiol., 12(1): 15-21.
  • 13. Kakhabrishvili Z.G., Akhalkatsi V.U., Kvinikadze D.G. (2003) Use of specific tests for an assessment of a functional condition of fighters of judo. Теория и практика физической культуры, 2: 36-37.
  • 14. Katić R., Maleš B., Miletić Đ. (2002) Effect of 6-month athletic training on motor abilities in seven-year-old schoolgirls. Coll. Antropol., 26(2): 533-538.
  • 15. Selingerova M., Selinger P., Hiadlovsky I. (2004) Physical development of pubescent male and female volleyball players. TVS Telesna Vychova & Sport, 14(3/4): 37-41.
  • 16. Svischev I. (2001) Interaction of Contestants at a Judo Competitive Contest. 2nd IJF World Judo Conference in Munich, Germany.
  • 17. Temfemo A., Hugues J., Chardon K., Mandengue S.H., Ahmaidi S. (2009) Relationship between vertical jumping performance and anthropometric characteristics during growth in boys and girls. Eur. J. Pediatr., 168(4): 457-464.[Crossref][WoS]
  • 18. Thomas S.G., Cox M.H., LeGal Y.M., Verde T.J., Smith H.K. (1989). Physiological profiles of the Canadian National Judo Team. Can. J. Sport Sci., 14(3): 142-147.
  • 19. Yagi Y., Coburn K.L., Estes K.M., Arruda J.E. (1999) Effects of aerobic exercise and gender on visual and auditory P300, reaction time, and accuracy. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. Occup. Physiol., 80(5): 402-408.
  • 20. Zheleznyak Yu.D., Kunyansky V.A., Chachin A.V. (2005) Volleyball. Methodical manual on training in game. Москва: Олимпия P ESS, 2005.–112 с. P ESS, 2005.–112 с., 2005.–112 с.
  • 21. Gredelj M., Metikoš D., Hošek A., Momirović K. (1975) Hierarchy motor ability structure model. 1. Results obtained applying one uncommon procedure for latent dimension estimation. Kinesiology, 5(5): 7-81.
  • 22. Kurelić N., Momirović K., Stojanović M., Šturm J., Radojević Đ., Viskić-Štalec N. (1975) Structure and development of morphological and motor dimensions of youth. Institute for the Scientific Research of the Faculty of Physical Education, Belgrade.
  • 23. Raven J. (2000) The Raven’s progressive matrices: change and stability over culture and time. Cognitive Psychology, 41(1): 1-48.[Crossref]
  • 24. Bala G., Jakšić D., Katić R. (2009) Trend of relations between morphological characteristics and motor abilities in preschool children. Coll. Antropol., 33(2): 373-385.
  • 25. Drid P., Vujkov S., Jakšić D., Trivić T., Marinković D., Bala G. (2013) Differences in motor and cognitive abilities of children depending on their body mass index and subcutaneous adipose tissue. Coll. Antropol., 37(2): 171-177.
  • 26. Weigelt M., Ahlmeyer T., Lex H., Schack T. (2011) The cognitive representation of a throwing technique in judo experts–Technological ways for individual skill diagnostics in high-performance sports. Psychol. Sport . Exerc., 12(3): 231-235.[WoS][Crossref]
  • 27. Higashiura T., Nishihira Y., Kamijo K., Hatta A., Kim S.R., Hayashi K., Kaneda T., Kuroiwa K. (2006) The interactive effects of exercise intensity and duration on cognitive processing in the central nervous system. Adv. Exerc.Sports Physiol., 12(1): 15-21.
  • 28. Kaur M.H., Sharma L. (2013) Athletic Intelligence and Different Nature of Sports: an Analysis.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.-psjd-doi-10_1515_bhk-2015-0012
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