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The paper deals with susceptibility of nodular cast iron with ferritic-pearlitic matrix on cavitation erosion. Cavitation tests were carried out with the use of a cavitation erosion vibratory apparatus employing a vibration exciter operated at frequency of 20 kHz. The study allowed to determine the sequence of subsequent stages in which microstructure of cast iron in superficial regions is subject to degradation. The first features to be damaged are graphite precipitates. The ferritic matrix of the alloy turned out to be definitely less resistant to cavitation erosion compared to the pearlitic matrix component.
Content available Microstructure of Cast Ni-Cr-Al-C Alloy
Nickel based alloys, especially nickel based superalloys have gained the advantage over other alloys in the field of high temperature applications, and thus become irreplaceable at high temperature creep and aggressive corrosion environments, such as jet engines and steam turbines. However, the wear resistance of these alloys is insufficient at high temperatures. This work describes a microstructure of a new cast alloy. The microstructure consists of γ matrix strengthened by γ’ fine precipitates (dendrites) improving the high temperature strength and of Chromium Cr7C3 primary carbides (in interdendritic eutectics) which are designed to improve wear resistance as well as the high temperature strength.
Stopy na osnowie niklu, a w szczególności superstopy na osnowie niklu zyskały przewagę w stosunku do innych stopów metali na polu zastosowań w wysokiej temperaturze. Są niezastąpione w warunkach pełzania wysokotemperaturowego, a także agresywnym środowisku korozyjnym silników odrzutowych czy tez turbin parowych. Jednakże odporność na ścieranie tych stopów jest niewystarczalna do zastosowania tych materiałów w wysokiej temperaturze i warunkach ścierania. W niniejszej pracy opisano mikrostrukturę nowego stopu. Składa się ona z osnowy γ umocnionej fazą γ’ (dendryty) - zwiększającą wytrzymałość wysokotemperaturową, a także z pierwotnych węglików chromu Cr7C3 (w eutektykach międzydentrytycznych) - mających na celu zwiększyć zarówno odporność na ścieranie jak i wytrzymałość wysokotemperaturową.
The paper describes existing requirements for tool materials. In the light of experience with these supplied materials, we have demonstrated their considerable influence on the life of molds for die casting technology. From this research came the evaluation methodology of these tool materials which has been used for directing the development of a new material. Based on the new regulation of the chemical composition a sample was casted and forged after that. Then was determined the process of heat treatment and from a block of this material a mold insert was produced. This insert is now being tested in production.
In this work we report the phase structures of the EL-Hard padding weld layers and their effect on their abrasive wear resistance. The application of light and electron scanning microscopy examinations revealed subtle differences in the structures of the padding welds which affect their strength and usable properties. Abrasive wear resistance tests utilizing a “spinning bowl” method performed in real soil masses and hardness tests showed a close relationship between the abrasive wear resistance values and chemical composition of the tested padding welds. The obtained results are explained by the presence of the carbide - forming elements such as B, Cr, Mo, Nb, V and W in the chemical composition and types of the carbide phases present in the structures of the EL-Hard padding welds.
This paper presents the results of the abrasive wear resistance of selected types of nodular cast iron, including ADI, cooperating with quartz sand and 100 grit abrasive paper. It has been shown that carbides in nodular cast iron cause an increase in wear resistance of 6 to 12% depending on the surface fraction of the carbides and type of the matrix. For the same unit pressure the mass loss of the cast iron cooperating with quartz sand is many times larger than the cast iron cooperating with abrasive paper. For both abrasives the highest wear resistance showed nodular cast iron with upper and lower bainite and carbides.
Content available remote Microstructure formation and properties of abrasion resistant cast steel
The so-called adamitic cast steels are characterised by a high abrasion resistance. These cast steels are of a pearlitic matrix withuniformly distributed hypereutectoid cementite precipitates. Apart from hypereutectoid cementite very often transformed ledeburite alsooccurs in the microstructure of these cast steels. Such cast steels contain chromium (app. 1 %) and nickel (app. 0.5 %) as alloy additions and sometimes their silicon content is increased. The presence of molybdenum is also permissible (app. 0.4 %). The basic problem in application of these steels for structural elements constitutes their insufficient crack resistance. An improvement of mechanical properties by changes of morphology of hypereutectoid cementite and transformed ledeburite precipitates by means of the heat treatment applicationwas the aim of this study. G200CrNiMo4-3-3 cast steel was the investigated material. Changes in the morphology of hypereutectoid cementite and transformed ledeburite obtained due to the heat treatment are described in detail in the present paper. An influence of the microstructure changes on impact toughness of the investigated cast steel is presented. Investigations performed within this study will serve for the microstructure optimisation on account of functional qualities of this cast steel.
Content available remote Impact resistance and fractography of low-alloy martensitic steels
In this paper dynamic properties of HTK 700H, HTK 900H, Hardox 400 and Hardox 500 steels in delivered State (after hardening and tempering) are considered. Charpy V - notch (CVN) test results in connection with fractography in the ductile - to - brittle transition temperature region were analyzed. The impact transition curve obtained from CVN test not always predicts properly a behavior of materials in conditions of dynamic loading, so the analyze of character of fracture helps to evaluate the real behavior of materials. Tested samples were cut out longitudinally and transversely in relation to cold work direction. The results of CVN test for investigated steels, in the range of temperatures from -40 to 20 °C are presented. Regarding ductile - to - brittle transition temperature, there is a significant difference taking into account values of Charpy V energy absorbed and a character of fracture.
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