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The objective of this study is to determine differences between design wave heights determined on the basis of short- and long-term wave trains. Wave parameters measured over a period of 7.47 years in the vicinity of Coastal Research Station Lubiatowo were used as short-term wave data, while wave parameters determined through the so-called wave reconstruction for a period of 44 years for the same region and depth were used as long-term wave data. The results of the calculations lead to the conclusions the significant wave height distributions obtained for short and long-term wave data are similar.
Based on wind data from the Vilsandi meteorological station and a 5-month calibration measurement with a bottom-mounted Recording Doppler Current Profiler (RDCP), a semi-empirical hindcast of wave parameters near the quickly developing accumulative Kelba Spit is presented for the period 1966-2006. The significant wave heights with a gross mean value of 0.56 m exhibited some quasiperiodic cycles, with the last high stage in 1980-95 and a decreasing overall trend of -0.001 m per year. At the same time, both the frequency and intensity of high wave events showed rising trends, and the mean wave heights during winter (December to February) increased as well. As the study area has the longest fetches in westerly directions, the discussed tendencies in wave conditions are sensitive to regional changes in the wind climate and can be related to a decrease in the local average wind speed on the one hand, but an intensification of westerly winds, storm events and the wintertime NAO index on the other. The roughest wave storms on record were associated with prominent W-storms on 2 November 1969 and 9 January 2005; a few other extreme wind events (e.g. in 1967, 1999, 2001), however, did not yield equally prominent waves.
Content available remote Trends and extremes of wave fields in the north-eastern part of the Baltic Proper
The paper analyses one of the longest contemporary wave measurements in the northern Baltic Sea, performed at Almagrundet 1978-2003. This record contains the roughest instrumentally measured wave conditions (significant wave height = c. 7.8 m) in the northern Baltic Proper until December 2004. The data for the years 1979-95, the period for which the data are the most reliable, show a linear rising trend of 1.8% per annum in the average wave height. The seasonal variation in wave activity follows the variation in wind speed. The monthly mean significant wave height varies from 0.5 m in May-July to 1.3-1.4 m in December-January. No corrections have been made in the analysis to compensate for missing values, for their uneven distribution, or for ice cover.
Content available remote The impact of fast ferry traffic on underwater optics and sediment resuspension
Wake waves produced by fast ferries bring about significant changes in the optical parameters of sea water in the c. 1 m thick near-bottom layer of the coastal areas of Tallinn Bay. The greatest of these changes occur at relatively small depths, but the duration of the influence increases with increasing depth. Rough quantitative estimates suggest that the overall influence of fast ferry traffic in Tallinn Bay may result in an annual loss of the order of several hundred litres of fine sediments from each metre of the coastline.
Content available Specific features of sea waves in the Pomeranian Bay
The paper concerns investigations of regional variability of the wave climate in the Pomeranian Bay. Analysis is based on the wave measurements taken during a period of four months and numerical wave model WAM4 results. The calculations covered period of 3 months in 1997 (Oct., Nov., Dec.) and two years: 1998,1999. Analysis of wave modelling results shows that wave fields are not homogeneous in the whole area. The gradual increase (up to 50%) of yearly mean values of selected wave parameters can be observed going from the south-westerly of the Bay to north-easterly direction. Directional distribution of significant wave height is determined by wind climate and shape of the basin and prevails in easterly, south-easterly, south-westerly directions.
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