The initial part of the paper briefly characterizes a long-term experimental activity at the Department of Railway Engineering and Track Management (DRETM). The research of the DRETM focuses, besides other research activities and specific problems in the field of railway engineering (application of new structures and construction materials in conventional and modernized railway tracks, modernisation and rehabilitation of existing railway tracks for higher speeds, track diagnostics, influence of track operation on noise emissions and design of structural measures, possibility of application of recycled ballast bed material in the track substructure, ballast recycling technologies, ecological assessment of recycled material of the track substructure), on various factors affecting track substructure freezing. In 2012-2017, in the campus of the University of Žilina (UNIZA), an Experimental stand DRETM was built for the research purposes. The experimental stand DRETM consists of 6 types of track substructure placed in an embankment or a cut, in the 1:1 scale. Besides conventional building materials (crushed aggregate), these structures also include various thermal insulation materials (Liapor concrete, Styrodur, foam concrete). A significant part of the paper deals with numerical modeling of the freezing process of track substructure (an embankment with the embedded protective layer of crushed aggregate, fr. 0/31.5 mm) for various boundary conditions (air frost index, average annual air temperature), using SoilVision software. The aim of this research is to identify the thermal insulation effects of different thicknesses of snow cover on the depth of penetration of the zero isotherm into the track substructure (railway track). The paper conclusion specifies the influence of different snow cover thicknesses, or nf factor (factor expressing the dependency between the mean daily air temperature and the temperature on the ballast bed surface) and various climatic conditions (frost indexes and average annual air temperatures), affecting the railway infrastructure, on the resulting depth of freezing of the track substructure (railway track). These outputs will be in the further research used for the design of nomogram for determining the thickness of the protective layer of the frost-susceptible subgrade surface of the track substructure.