Purpose: of this paper is to compare some properties of Ti-Al and Ti-Nb alloys to investigate on the possibility to jointly employed them industrially. Ti-Al alloys have been proposed because they present challenging characteristics for high temperature purposes and β type Ti-Nb alloy has specific mechanical properties at room temperature. Ti-Al alloys are very attractive materials and represent one of the most important materials employed for aero jet engines. The most promising alloy belonging to the above mentioned classes are predominantly based on simultaneously presence of two phases, namely γ-TiAl (gamma titanium aluminides) and α2-Ti3Al both with a fully lamellar microstructure and could replace Ni-based superalloys in some high temperature applications in aerospace and automotive industries. The most important advantages of such alloys compared to some superalloys consist in their low density correlated to their superior efficiency in service and reduced gas emission. Design/methodology/approach: The Ti-Al alloy have been produced by gravity casting, using a vibrating furnace, while the Ti-Nb alloy samples have been realized by the cold crucible levitation melting (CCLM) casting technology. Microstructural and mechanical characterization have been performed. Findings: The microstructural analysis for the Ti-Al alloy reveals a fully-lamellar microstructure with alternate plates of α2-(Ti3Al) and γ-(TiAl) plates. The grains have an average size of about 200 μm. For the Ti-Nb based alloy only a β mono-phase has been detected. This alloy has a equiaxed microstructure with an average grain dimension of about 170 μm. The Ti-Nb alloy presents a high mechanical strength while on the contrary that of the Ti-Al has been deleteriously affected by the presence of large gas porosities. Superior hardness values have been reached with Ti-Al alloy, due to the presence of hard γ-TiAl. Practical implications: The most important implication is related to the transfer toward the proper choice of the correct parameters during manufacturing. Originality/value: Investigation on the influence of the elemental composition enriched by other elements and casting processes on the defect development, the microstructural characteristics and on the mechanical behaviour of the alloys.