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U-10wt.%Zr metallic fuel slugs containing rare-earth (RE: a rare-earth alloy comprising 53% Nd, 25% Ce, 16% Pr and 6% La) elements for a sodium-cooled fast reactor were fabricated by modified injection casting as an alternative method. The distribution, size and composition of the RE inclusions in the metallic fuel slugs were investigated according to the content of the RE inclusions. There were no observed casting defects, such as shrunk pipes, micro-shrinkage or hot tears formed during solidification, in the metallic fuel slugs fabricated by modified injection casting. Scanning electron micrographs and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) showed that the Zr and RE inclusions were uniformly distributed in the matrix and the composition of the RE inclusions was similar to that of a charged RE element. The content and the size of the RE inclusions increased slightly according to the charge content of the RE elements. RE inclusions in U-Zr alloys will have a positive effect on fuel performance due to their micro-size and high degree of distribution.
Europium (III) recovery from nitrate solutions in a form of dodecyl sulfates using extraction methods was studied. Distribution and recovery coefficients as a function of equilibrium aqueous phase рН value were received. Conclusions on the effectiveness of presented method depending on the assigned task were drawn. The aims of this study were the development of rare-earth elements recovery and separation methods by using extraction with surfactant and distribution coefficients separation as well as recovery coefficient experimental validation with their subsequent introduction for poor mineral raw materials industrial processing. The authors study the rare-earth metals distribution and recovery coefficients during the extraction processes as a function of aqueous phase pH value with recovered compound form determination and thermodynamical justification.
Rare-earth elements (REE) were determined for the Upper Jurassic limestone and dolomites from the following outcrops: Góra OEw. Anny, Kostrze Quarry, Księża Góra, and Skały Twardowskiego. REE patterns are similar for all the investigated samples. Dolomites and limestone are enriched in light REE, they exhibit positive La anomalies, and negative Ce and Eu anomalies. Negative Ce and Eu anomalies are typical for oxidizing environments during dolomitization processes. Distinct enrichment in light REE comparing to heavy REE indi-cates that the sea water was not the only component of dolomitization fluids.
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