The article presents an innovative, electronic system of tracking and monitoring of the condition of railway vehicles. Thanks to the use of electronic tools, it is possible to track vehicles and transported cargo in real time, in particular railway wagons. The author also presents the functionalities of the system, including the possibility of ongoing management of the operation process of railway vehicles and the detection of potentia! hazards and emergency states of monitored railway fleet. A system user, e.g. a railway undertaking, can use the System to optimize the maintenance process of railway vehicles. lt can easily manage periodic inspections ofvehicles, including individual levels of maintenance. Thanks to the system, the user can continuously receive information and alerts regarding the location of vehicles and their technical condition. Thanks to this, it can optima Iły manage their operation process, significantly increasing the level of safety in rail transport.