The issue of concrete airfield pavements maintenance is the process, the efficient performance of which may provide suitable life and air traffic safety related to thereof. Obtaining durable airfield pavement is a result of team cooperation in the following fields: suitable design solutions, applicable work technology and principles of arrangement thereof. However, fundamental link of this process is the high level of engineering culture related to construction maintenance during its whole "lifespan". Each pavement must comply with requirements according to principles of "construction limit states" method expressing work safety, i.e. limit state of deformation and serviceability. Thereby, the "weakest link" within the chain of projects and actions implemented in the course of its construction process decides about safety and lifespan of pavement operation. Durability of such engineering constructions as airfield pavements, is specified by the quantity of performed "flight operations" on these pavements, within the assumed operation period. Considering, among others, principles of limit state method, the required and anticipated pavement operation period can be specified. Life aspect with reference to airfield pavements can be analysed in theory by means of application of modern material solutions. The above-mentioned aspects will be described widely in this work. Modern material solutions include modified composition of concrete intended for construction of particularly difficult sections of such pavements and structural tests were conducted for such composition, which would confirm suitability of assumed material solutions.