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An ecofriendly solvent polarity based microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) technique was developed for the rapid extraction and isolation of bioactive oleanolic acid from roots of Lantana camara L. Several different influential extraction parameters such as microwave power, extraction time, solvent type, and volume were studied in a systematic fashion for the determination of optimum extraction conditions. Simply modified and rapid high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) method was also developed and validated for quantitative determination of oleanolic acid from roots of L. camara. Under optimum conditions, using a mixture of CHCl3:MeOH (60:40, v/v, 15 mL) as a solvent, 600 W microwave powers, and 50 °C temperature for 6 min of MAE produced a maximum yield of 1.23% (dry weight of roots). No degradation of the target analyte was observed at the optimum conditions as evidenced from the recovery studies performed with standard oleanolic acid. The proposed method also showed high degree of reproducibility; hence, it may be useful for maximum extraction and isolation of biologically active oleanolic acid.
A simple reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic (RP-HPLC) method has been developed and validated for simultaneous analysis of three triterpene acids (corosolic, oleanolic, and ursolic acids) in extracts from inflorescences, leaves, and fruits of Prunus serotina Ehrh. (American black cherry). Separation of the acids was accomplished on a C 18 column (5 µm, 250 mm × 4.6 mm i.d.) and recorded at 210 nm. The greatest resolution was achieved with 90:10 (υ/υ) methanol-1% aqueous orthophosphoric acid as mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.6 mL min -1 . The correlation coefficients for all the calibration plots ( r > 0.998) showed linearity good over the range tested. The relative standard deviation of the method was less than 3.3% for intra and inter-day assays, and average recovery was between 95.9 and 100.9%. Sensitivity was high; detection limits were between 0.034 and 0.067 µg mL -1 . Total amounts of triterpene acids were 0.451-0.928, 0.031, and 0.911-1.455% in the inflorescences, fruits, and leaves of P. serotina , depending on the time of harvesting.
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