The aim of this work was to determine the stress distribution during plastic deformation, based on the displacement field obtained using the digital image correlation (DIC) method. To achieve stress distribution, the experimentally measured displacement gradient and the elastoplastic material model with isotropic hardening were used. The proposed approach was implemented in the ThermoCorr program. The developed procedure was used to determine stress fields for uniaxial tension and simple shear processes, carried out on samples made of austenitic steel 304L. Both material parameters, such as the Young's modulus, Poisson's ratio, yield stress, and parameters of the hardening curve, were acquired experimentally. The macroscopic force obtained from the DIC-based stresses and its finite element analysis (FEA) equivalent were compared with that measured during the experi- ment. It was shown that the DIC-based approach gives more accurate results with respect to FEA, especially for a simple shear test, where FEA significantly overestimates the value of experimentally obtained macroscopic force.