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Content available remote Phase evolution and microwave dielectric properties of A5M5O17-type ceramics
A number of A5M5O17 (A = Na, Ca, Sr, La, Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy, Yb; B = Ti, Nb, Ta) type compounds were prepared by a solid-state sintering route and characterized in terms of structure, microstructure and microwave dielectric properties. The compatibility of rare earths with mixed niobate/tantalate and titanate phases was investigated. The larger ionic radii mismatch resulted in the formation of pyrochlore and/or mixed phases while in other cases, pure A5M5O17 phase was formed. The samples exhibited relative permittivity in the range of 35 to 82, quality factor (Q × fo) = 897 GHz to 11946 GHz and temperature coefficient of resonance frequency (τf) = -120 ppm/°C to 318 ppm/°C.
SrLa4Ti5-xSnxO17 (0 ≤ x ≤ 2) ceramics were fabricated through solid state ceramic route and their microwave dielectric properties were investigated in an attempt to tune their temperature coefficient of resonant frequency to zero. The compositions were sintered to single phase SrLa4Ti5 O17 and SrLaa4Ti4,5Sn0,5O17 ceramics at x = 0 and x = 0.5, and SrLa4Ti4-xSnxO17 along with a small amount of La2Ti2O7 at x = 1. The major phase observed at x = 2 was La2Ti2O7 but along with SrLa4Ti4SnO17 and SrLa4Ti4O15 as the secondary phases. Τf decreased from 117 to 23.0 ppm/°C but at the cost of dielectric constant ("r) and quality factor multiplied by resonant frequency (Qufo) which decreased from 65 to 33.6 and 11150 to 4191 GHz, respectively. The optimum microwave dielectric properties, i.e. τf = 38.6 ppm/°C, εr = 45.5 and = 7919 GHz, correspond to the SrLa4Ti5-xSnxO17 composition with x = 1.
Microwave characteristics of M-type hexagonal ferrite, Ba-0.Sr-5(0).5CoxZrxFe(12-2x) O-19 (x = 0.0 to 1.0 in steps of 0.2), have been investigated as a function of frequency and substitution at X-band. The microwave absorption has been investigated using absorber testing device method. The static I-V characteristics have been studied as a function of substitution. The results show maximum microwave absorption at higher substitution. The static current exhibits ohmic behavior from 0 to 3 V and exponential trend from 3 to 4.8 V. The microstructure influences both microwave and electrical properties. The ferrite compositions for different electromagnetic applications are also suggested by measuring the microwave absorbed, transmitted and reflected power.
The LTCC CaO–B2O3–SiO2 (CBS) ceramics were synthesized via solid-state reaction process without any sintering aid. The effects of different sintering temperatures and B2O3 content on the microwave and mechanical properties were investigated. The results show that the best sintering temperature is around 950 °C and increasing amount of B2O3 promotes the crystallization of CaB2O4 enhancing the flexure strength of the CBS ceramics. However, the dielectric and mechanical properties deteriorated rapidly while the amount of B2O3 exceeded 25 wt.%. The sample with 20.5 wt.% B2O3 sintered at 950 °C had the best properties with er = 6.06; tand = 0.0015 (1 MHz) and a high flexure strength qf > 180 MPa.
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