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The article presents the results of research over microorganisms (psychrophilic and mesophilic bacteria and microscopic fungi) found in wastewater in denitrification and nitrification chambers and specifies the proportion of these microorganisms in bioaerosol at various levels above wastewater level (20, 50 and 100 cm). In the denitrification chamber (anoxic) in 1 cm3 of sewage there were on average 30.35 · 106 CFU of mesophilic bacteria, 72.88 · 106 CFU of psychrophilic bacteria, and 37.3 · 105 CFU of microscopic fungi. In the nitrification chamber, where the oxygen concentration ranged from 0.37 to 2.32 mg O2·dm−3 of wastewater, the number of microorganisms was lower. In 1 cm3 of wastewater there were on average 20.2 · 106 CFU of mesophilic bacteria, 51.76 · 106 CFU of psychrophilic bacteria, and 15.22 · 105 CFU of microscopic fungi. In sewage bioaerosols above these chambers, higher numbers of psychrophilic bacteria than mesophilic ones and microscopic fungi were reported. At the same time differences in the number of microorganisms at different heights above the surface of wastewater could be observed in bioaerosol, as well as between the chambers of the bioreactor. It was found that most frequently the amount of microorganisms decreased with height. The percentage emission ratio (ER) of microorganisms in bioaerosols coming from wastewater accounted for only a fraction of a percent and ranged from 1.13 · 10−8 % (microscopic fungi over the denitrification chamber) to 24.53 · 10−9 % (psychrophilic bacteria over the denitrification chamber). It was found that the process of mixing, aeration of wastewater, have an effect on the emission of microorganisms.
Content available Ocena mikrobiologiczna pasz granulowanych
Celem artykułu jest przedstawienie wyników badań dotyczących porównania jakości pasz granulowanych i sypkich pod względem mikrobiologicznym. W pięciu paszach o konsystencji sypkiej i w sześciu paszach granulowanych dokonano oceny ilości zanieczyszczeń mikrobiologicznych (bakterie, grzyby pleśniowe).
This article presents the results of studies compare the quality of feed and granulated bulk microbiological. In five feed the consistency of loose and granular feed six assesses the amount of microbial contamination (bacteria, mold fungi).
A technical approach based on microbial technology is proposed to help resolve the problems caused by explosive gases in coal mines. The proposed technique uses methanotrophic bacteria to oxidize methane. In laboratory experiments, the oxidation effect of hanging nets impregnated with liquid containing methanotrophic bacteria was investigated at different air flow-rates. The experimental results showed that the volume of gas degraded and the gradient of degradation both increased as the gas concentration increased at constant air flow-rates. At fixed gas concentrations, the volume of degraded gas increased with increasing flow-rates of air at low flow-rates. However, the volume of degraded gas slightly decreased with increasing flow-rates of air at high flow-rates. These experimental results provide a theoretical basis for the treatment of explosive gases during exploration for natural gas and to treat potentially dangerous concentrations of gas in gobs, caves and upper corners of mineshafts. They will also be of great practical significance in coal mining.
Content available remote Exploring laser-guided metal deposition through a microbe metabolite
Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to describe exploring laser-guided metal deposition through a microbe metabolite. Design/methodology/approach: A maskless micro-fabrication of laser-guided deposition process through the metabolite of Acidophilic bacteria Thiobacillus ferrooxidans (T.f.) is explored. Findings: The authors have conducted an analysis of the metal deposition process using the point thermal-source of the Nd:YAG laser through the metabolite of Acidophilic bacteria Thiobacillus. An analytical model adopting the moving point heat source on the substrate and heat transfer conditions is presented. The thermal field generated by the laser input energy is investigated. Practical implications: Though the mechanism of the laser-assisted deposition process is not fully revealed by biologist yet, the current model provides a means of control of the line deposition of metals. Originality/value: Based on the fundamental knowledge of how the line width varies with laser power and scanning speed, more investigation of the mini-scale heat convection and the threshold temperature of chemical reaction is expected in the future for further understanding of this novel metal deposition method triggered and written by laser.
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