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EN
Purpose: Development of strength is one of essential elements of motor preparation of judo athletes. The aim this study was to examine the influence of body composition and the joint torques on successful performance of various judo techniques. Methods: Twentyfive judo athletes participated in 175 judo bouts, which were video-recorded during the All-Polish competitions. Biomechanical classification of technical actions was used. The age and athletic experience of the subjects were 18 and 8.8 years, respectively. Their body height was 179.4 cm (Martin’s type anthropometer) and body mass was 80.3 kg (Sartorius F 1505 – DZA scales). Percentage of fat (10.6%) was estimated using skinfold result measurements. BMI (24.9 kgm–2), fat-free mass index (21.9 kgm–2) and fat mass index (3.0 kgm–2) were calculated. Maximum torques measured under static conditions were evaluated 2–3 days after the tournament. Descriptive statistics and ANOVA were conducted ( p  0.05). Results: Balancing of maximum torques in the muscles of the pelvic and illiac regions caused more frequent performance of physical lever-type throwing techniques, compared to couple of force-type throwing techniques. A negative correlation was found between body fat and value of force recorded for knee flexors and between the frequency of using techniques during groundwork and torques measured in hip extensors. High correlation of fat-free mass index and relative elbow flexor torque was found. Conclusions: The relationship between body composition and frequency of techniques used in a tournament, and joint torques developed by athletes were found.
EN
In the presented research project we observed the influence of physical culture1 on the level of security culture2, on personality, behavioural and axiological determinants of individual’s functioning in the context of physical activity under threatening conditions. We focused on testing of a group of people who were trained to act in the roles closely professionally related to security, including to hand-to-hand combat. It was assumed that their personality will develop in the direction of specific characteristics associated with security culture and display these characteristics. Considering this issue we took a securitological perspective3 focusing in particular on the first (of three: mental, organizational and material) dimension of security culture. In the research we referred the issue of personality and normative modifications of behaviour4. We also touched on the subject of interpretation of people’s behaviour in the axiological categories which are essential for the full image of martial arts.
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