In the paper a method is presented of the best variant selection of a manufacturing process of a rotor to open end spinning machine with use of original optimization proceeding based on adopted criteria, taking into consideration their importance. Unit manufacturing cost and five criteria of manufacturing quality were taken as criteria to the assessment. The assessment criteria resulted from calculations and measurements were normalized. Knowledge of experts was used to determine importance of the criteria taken to the assessment. Each from the experts had built his own importance matrix of the assessment criteria, comparable in pairs, using the Saaty’s method. The weights of individual criteria were determined on the basis of cumulative matrix. In the next stage of the proceeding, normalized decisions were created by raising each assessment to a power equal to corresponding weight. In the last stage of the proceeding, a single optimal ordering comprising the smallest s-th components of the individual decisions d1, d2, …, dm was created. A variant which corresponds to the largest component of the optimal ordering is assumed as the best variant.