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The aggregate of m7·s-1 from the product of the four geometric terms for increasing dimensions of a closed path (a circle) when set equal to the optimal combinations of the gravitational constant G and the universe’s mass, length and time results in a diffusivity term of 1023 m·s-1. Conversion of the total energy of the universe to volts per meter and Tesla results in a velocity of the same order of magnitude. The required f6 multiplication to balance the terms solves optimally for a frequency that when divided by the modified Planck’s value is the equivalent upper limit of the rest mass of a photon. Several experimental times associated with orbital distances for inertial frames are consistent with this velocity. Calculations indicate that during the final epoch the velocity from the energy derived from universal potential difference over length and magnetic fields will require only a unit frequency adjustment that corresponds to the energy equivalent of one orbit of a Bohr electron. We suggest that one intrinsic process by which large scale structures (Gigaparsec) are organized could involve this “entanglement velocity”. It would be correlated with the transformation of “virtual” or subthreshold values of the upper rest mass of photons to their energetic manifestation as the universe emerges from dark energy or matter that is yet to appear.
The primary physical and chemical parameters that define the hypopolarized plasma cell membrane of malignant (cancer) cells compared to non-malignant cells reflect universal characteristics. The median value for the resting membrane potential is the constant for the Nernst equation without reference to discrepancies in ion concentrations and is identical to Boltzmann energies at 37 °C. The threshold energy defining space-time converges with access to entropic processes that are reflected in the morphology of cancer cells and tumors. Slowing of growth in cancer cell lines but not normal cells following exposure to weak (~1 to 10 μT) patterned magnetic fields occurs when the energy induced within the cell corresponds to the energy equivalent of the hypopolarized membrane potential. The optimal temporal parameters for the efficacy of these fields can be derived from Hubble‟s parameter and the transform function for “noise” or “random” patterns within the system. Quantitative solutions and experimental data indicate that the cancer cell may be dominated by entropic process that can be attenuated or blocked by temporally-structured applied magnetic fields whose intensity matches the increment of energy associated with this threshold.
The volume-independence that occurs when Casimir and magnetic energies were equated was employed to solve for optimal spatial separations. For the magnetic moments of a proton and an electron in the presence of a magnetic field strength that produced the energy associated with the neutral hydrogen line, the distances were 1 nm and 24 nm or the width of an ion channel in a plasma cell membrane and the average synaptic width, respectively. The small discrepancies in orbit-spin magnetic moments of the electron with the magnetic moment of the proton emerged as relevant. Calculation of the radius in the bound (circular) system associated with the required magnetic field strength for the ~3.41·10 -27 A·mX 2 discrepancy solved as the Compton wavelength of the electron. Applications of the approach allowed quantitative convergence between universal photon densities within 1 nm widths as well as integration of the energy from acceleration for estimated upper limits of resting photon masses with Planck’s constant. The results suggest that the physical and chemical properties that define biological systems, particularly the brain, reflect astronomical principles.
Although the gravitational energy within the distance of the radius of a singularity for a current estimated mass of the universe is equal to ~1069 Joules, congruent solutions for different ages of the universe reflect changes by a factor of π or 8π for identities. The total energy value is equal to the product of primary constants G·μ·ε·ħ·σ·c2 (which results in power, W) when divided by the area of smallest unit of space (area of a circle with a radius of Planck’s Length) and then multiplied by the universe’s current surface area and age. The conspicuous discrepancies of ~2∙103 between the predicted average magnetic intensity within the universe from that total energy and contemporary measurements can be accommodated by the quantitative product of 21.3π4 derived from the classic four-dimensional metric. The equivalent electric field potential divided by the predicted magnetic intensity results in a velocity that has been suggested to reflect the latency for excess correlations to occur across the universe. The most parsimonious explanation for these results is that a large component of the magnetic manifestation of energy in the universe is recondite or occluded within its submatter spatial structure and that the required cohesion or “diffusivity” throughout the volume involves the electric field component. These quantifications may facilitate understanding of Mach’s principle that any part of the universe is influenced by all of its parts.
Content available remote Characteristics of electromagnet energy converters with permanent magnets
The paper points out the energy, coenergy, flux linkage and magnetic force functions as characteristics specifying all properties of en electromagnet converter. Different formulations for energy and coenergy functions are presented and compared. Relations between different characteristics are developed and illustrated with two simplified examples of electromagnet actuators.
W artykule przedstawiono funkcje stanu energii, strumienia skojarzonego i siły elektromagnesu jako charakterystyki określające jego wszelkie właściwości jako elektromechanicznego przetwornika energii. Podano i porównano ze sobą dwa sposoby określania funkcji energii i koenergii. Związane z tym relacje pomiędzy różnymi charakterystykami zostały zilustrowane analizą uproszczonych, idealizowanych modeli elektromagnesów z magnesem trwałym.
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