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EN
Wind turbine generator (WTG) installation has been rapidly growing globally in the last few years. In the year of 2017, the WTG installation has reached a global cumulative installation of about 539 GW. Among several types of WTG, the doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) has been taking a large portion of the overall WTG installation since 2004. This popularity is due to the DFIG several advantages that include more extracted energy when compared with the fixed speed type and low cost due to the one-third size of the used converters when compared to the full converter type. However, the DFIG is vulnerable to grid faults. In this paper, a new application of Vector Based Hysteresis Current Regulator (VBHCR) of STATCOM is introduced to enhance the dynamic performance of DFIG-based wind turbine farm. The system under study is investigated using Matlab. Robustness of the proposed VBHCR is investigated through exploring the system performance under various levels of voltage sags. Simulation results show that for certain level of voltage sags at the point of common coupling (PCC), VBHCR-STATCOM can effectively improve the performance of the DFIG. As a result, voltage profile at the PCC can comply with the fault ride through codes of Spain to avoid the disconnection of the DFIGs from the grid.
PL
Zaprezentowano nowy sterownik do turbiny wiatrowej DFIG – Vector Based Hysteresis Current Regulator VBHCR systemu STATCOM umożliwiający poprawę dynamiki. Zbadano pracę układu przy różnych poziomach zapadu napięcia. Stwierdzono poprawę dynamiki i zabezpieczenie przed odłączeniem generatora od sieci.
EN
Wind energy becomes a popular source for renewable energy based power plants since a recent decade ago. Within many types of wind turbine generator (WTG), Doubly Fed Induction Generator currently dominating the market niche by about 64% on all installed capacity all around the world in 2015. A DFIG consists of two converters that linked by a capacitor or so-called as DC link that works to allow the transfer energy from WTG to the grid and vice versa. These converters are very sensitive to any faults particularly when the DC link voltage reach beyond the safety margin, it may be ended with the disconnection of DFIG to avoid any damage on the DFIG's converters. This paper aims to investigate the impact of SMES Unit on DC link voltage of DFIG during various types and levels of faults. The study was conducted through a simulation program and shows that SMES Unit is very effective in reducing the voltage at DC link during grid swell events and slightly affecting the voltage overshoot during grid sag and short circuit events. For the last two cases, the SMES Unit control system is designed to work properly and optimally, therefore, impact of SMES rather insignificant due to the DC link voltages are within the safety margin, however, when DC particularly for the case where the DC link voltage tends to increase and potential to damage the switching parts of DFIG, the SMES Unit could significantly compensate the faults and maintain the voltage within the safety margin.
PL
W artykule analizowany jest wpływ układu SMES (superconducting magnetic energy storage) na pracę układu generatora DFIG typu. DC-link przy różnych typach zakłóceń na przykład zapadów napięcia lub zwarć w sieci. Układy konwerterów w systemie DFIG są bowiem bardzo czułen na przekroczenie przez napięcie marginesu bezpieczeństw co skutkować może odłączeniem generatora.
EN
In this paper, a decoupling control strategy has been applied to control the active and reactive powers generated by a Double Feed Induction Generator (DFIG). We propose a robust nonlinear control based on Backstepping with integral actions in order to control the power of the wind turbine transmitted to the grid and to make the wind turbine adaptable to different constraints. The proposed control laws are derived from the Lyapunov approach which is well suited for this nonlinear system. Furthermore, the proposed integral backstepping control is compared with the classical backstepping controller. The results obtained by simulation prove the effectiveness of the control strategies in terms of decoupling, robustness and dynamic performance for different operating conditions.
PL
W artykule opisano strategię sterowania sprzęgania do kontroli mocy czynnej i biernej wytwarzanej przez generator DFIG. Wykorzystano metodę Lapunowa do kontroli turbiny wiatrowej dołączonej do sieci.
4
EN
This paper proposes a decoupled control of active and reactive power for doubly-fed induction generators (DFIG) through the rotor currents using sliding mode control (SMC). In order to decouple the active and reactive power generated, stator-flux-oriented vector control is applied. The sliding mode control strategy proposes is based on two sliding modes plus PI controllers whose main advantage is the easy implementation. Simulation and experimental results are presented to validate the proposed control scheme for a 2 kW DFIG during stator active and reactive power steps and speed variation. During transient operation it is checked good dynamic response.
PL
W artykule opisano sterowanie mocą czynną i bierną w podwójnie zasilanym generatorze indukcyjnym DFIG za pośrednictwem prądu wirnika z wykorzystaniem metody ślizgowej SMC. Zastosowano sterowanie wektora strumienia stojana. Symulacje i badania eksperymentalne potwierdziły założenia możliwości sterowania systemem DGFIG 2 KW przy różnych prędkościach. Badano także właściwości dynamiczne.
5
EN
In this study, voltage dip analysis of the wind power plant that is connected to 6 MW Double Feed Induction Generator (DFIG) was performed. During the operation of Multi-machine wind farm that is connected to network adaptation between 10 MVAr STATCOM and system was provided. Purpose of this adaptation, 3-phase fault analysis is to be able and the elimination of problems that may occur with induction motor runstop.
PL
Zaprezentowano analizę spadku napięcia w elektrowni wiatrowej podłączonej do generatorów indukcyjnych 6 MW typu DFIG. Analizę przeprowadzono na przykładzie wielomaszynowej farmy wiatrowej podłączonej do sieci z systemem 10 MVAr STATCOM. (Analiza spadków napięcia w wielomaszynowej farmie wiatrowej z układem STATCOM)
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