This paper provides characteristics of the evacuation and technical rescue heavy vehicles. Heavy tactical evacuation and technical rescue vehicles are built on the chassis of tactical vehicles with high loading capacity, generally with8x8 driving system. In each analysed case, the vehicles are one of the family members of the tactical heavy-duty vehicles. Evacuation equipment of such vehicles is as follows: main winch, arm or towing device, and lifting equipment. A domestically manufactured vehicle, developed under the project No. 356/BO/1, was presented. The testing process that such type of vehicles, including the above mentioned, are subject to have been discussed herein. Revision of parameters received and as specified in the requirements and relevant standards enforces an adequate scope of testing. In the case of the MAMUT vehicle, the following requirements have been checked: structural design, engine, driving system, cab, main winch, auxiliary winch, winch for self-recovery, hydraulic crane, hydraulic hoisting and towing equipment, power generator, electrical system, safety, ergonomics and technical aesthetics, specialist equipment, secret camouflage, and transportability.