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EN
The global stability of discrete-time nonlinear systems with descriptor positive linear parts and positive scalar feedbacks is addressed. Sufficient conditions for the global stability of standard and fractional nonlinear systems are established. The effectiveness of these conditions is illustrated on numerical examples.
EN
Consider the semilinear system defined by {x(i+1)=Ax(i)+f(x(i)), i≥0 x(0)=x0∈Rn and the corresponding output signal y(i)=C x(i), i≥0, where A is a n×n matrix, C is a p x n matrix and f is a nonlinear function. An initial state x(0) is output admissible with respect to A, f, C and a constraint set Ω ⊂ Rp, if the output signal (y(i)i associated to our system satisfies the condition y(i) ∈ Ω, for every integer i≥0. The set of all possible such initial conditions is the maximal output admissible set Γ(Ω). In this paper we will define a new set that characterizes the maximal output set in various systems(controlled and uncontrolled systems) .Therefore, we propose an algorithmic approach that permits to verify if such set is finitely determined or not. The case of discrete delayed systems is taken into consideration as well. To illustrate our work, we give various numerical simulations.
EN
The practical and asymptotic stabilities of delayed fractional discrete-time linear systems described by the model without a time shift in the difference are addressed. The D-decomposition approach is used for stability analysis. New necessary and sufficient stability conditions are established. The conditions in terms of the location of eigenvalues of the system matrix in the complex plane are given.
EN
The stability analysis for discrete-time fractional linear systems with delays is presented. The state-space model with a time shift in the difference is considered. Necessary and sufficient conditions for practical stability and for asymptotic stability have been established. The systems with only one matrix occurring in the state equation at a delayed moment have been also considered. In this case analytical conditions for asymptotic stability have been given. Moreover parametric descriptions of the boundary of practical stability and asymptotic stability regions have been presented.
EN
The positivity and absolute stability of a class of nonlinear continuous-time and discrete-time systems are addressed. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the positivity of this class of nonlinear systems are established. Sufficient conditions for the absolute stability of this class of nonlinear systems are also given.
EN
The positivity and absolute stability of a class of nonlinear continuous-time and discrete-time systems with nonpositive linear part are addressed. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the positivity of this class of nonlinear systems are established. Sufficient conditions for the absolute stability of this class of nonlinear systems are also given.
EN
Responses of positive standard and fractional continuous-time and discrete-time linear systems with derivatives of their inputs are presented herein. It is shown that the formulae for state vectors and outputs are also valid for their derivatives if the inputs and outputs and their derivatives of suitable order are zero for t = 0. Similar results are also shown for positive standard and fractional discrete-time linear systems.
EN
The notions of monomial generalized Frobenius matrices is proposed and the reachability and observability of positive discrete-time linear systems with positive and negative integer powers of the state matrices is addressed. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the reachability of the positive systems are established.
EN
The minimum energy control problem for the positive descriptor discrete-time linear systems with bounded inputs by the use of Weierstrass-Kronecker decomposition is formulated and solved. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the positivity and reachability of descriptor discrete-time linear systems are given. Conditions for the existence of solution and procedure for computation of optimal input and the minimal value of the performance index is proposed and illustrated by a numerical example.
EN
The relationship between the observability of standard and fractional discrete-time and continuous-time linear systems are addressed. It is shown that the fractional discrete-time and continuous-time linear systems are observable if and only if the standard discrete-time and continuous-time linear systems are observable.
PL
W pracy rozpatrzono zagadnienie syntezy obserwatora pełnego rzędu dla układów liniowych dyskretnych singularnych niecałkowitego rzędu. Sformułowano analityczne kryteria istnienia obserwatora i podano sposób wyznaczania macierzy wzmocnień obserwatora. Rozważania teoretyczne, do których wykorzystano liniowe nierówności macierzowe (LMI) zilustrowano przykładem liczbowym.
EN
The paper is devoted to observer synthesis for linear singular discrete-time fractional systems. The problem of finding a nonnegative gain matrix of the observer such that the observer is asymptotically stable is formulated and solved by the use of linear matrix inequality (LMI) method. The proposed approach to the observer synthesis is illustrated by theoretical example.
EN
The Drazin inverse of matrices is applied in order to find the solutions of the state equations of fractional descriptor discrete-time linear systems. The solution of the state equation is derived and the set of consistent initial conditions for a given set of admissible inputs is established. The proposed method is illustrated by a numerical example.
EN
The positivity and asymptotic stability of the fractional discrete-time nonlinear systems are addressed. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the positivity and sufficient conditions for the asymptotic stability of the fractional nonlinear systems are established. The proposed stability tests are based on an extension of the Lyapunov method to the positive fractional nonlinear systems. The effectiveness of tests is demonstrated on examples.
EN
The minimum energy control problem for the descriptor discrete-time linear systems by the use of Weierstrass-Kronecker decomposition is formulated and solved. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the reachability of descriptor discrete-time linear systems are given. A procedure for computation of optimal input and a minimal value of the performance index is proposed and illustrated by a numerical example.
EN
The asymptotic stability of discrete-time and continuous-time linear systems described by the equations xi+1 = Ākxi and x(t) = Akx(t) for k being integers and rational numbers is addressed. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the asymptotic stability of the systems are established. It is shown that: 1) the asymptotic stability of discrete-time systems depends only on the modules of the eigenvalues of matrix Āk and of the continuous-time systems depends only on phases of the eigenvalues of the matrix Ak, 2) the discrete-time systems are asymptotically stable for all admissible values of the discretization step if and only if the continuous-time systems are asymptotically stable, 3) the upper bound of the discretization step depends on the eigenvalues of the matrix A.
16
Content available remote Positivity and stability of discrete-time and continuous-time nonlinear systems
PL
Przedstawione zostaną dodatnie i stabilne asymptotycznie nieliniowe układy dyskretne i ciągłe. Podane zostaną warunki wystarczające dodatniości i stabilności asymptotycznej układów nieliniowych. Proponowane metody badania stabilności zostaną oparte na uogólnieniu metody Lyapunova. Efektywność testów zostanie zademonstrowana na przykładach numerycznych.
EN
The positivity and asymptotic stability of the discrete-time and continuous-time nonlinear systems are addressed. Sufficient conditions for the positivity and asymptotic stability of the nonlinear systems are established. The proposed stability tests are based on an extension of the Lyapunov method to the positive nonlinear systems. The effectiveness of the tests are demonstrated on examples.
EN
The minimum energy control problem for the positive discrete-time linear systems with bounded inputs is formulated and solved. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of solution to the problem are established. A procedure for solving of the problem is proposed and illustrated by a numerical example.
EN
In the paper the problems of controllability, reachability and minimum energy control of a fractional discrete-time linear system with delays in state are addressed. A general form of solution of the state equation of the system is given and necessary and sufficient conditions for controllability, reachability and minimum energy control are established. The problems are considered for systems with unbounded and bounded inputs. The considerations are illustrated by numerical examples. Influence of a value of the fractional order on an optimal value of the performance index of the minimum energy control is examined on an example.
EN
The Klamka’s method of minimum energy control problem is extended to fractional positive discrete-time linear systems with bounded inputs. Sufficient conditions for the existence of solution to the problem are established. A procedure for solving of the problem is proposed and illustrated by numerical example.
EN
In the paper the problems of practical stability and asymptotic stability of fractional discrete-time linear scalar systems with one constant delay are addressed. Standard and positive systems are considered. New conditions for practical stability and for asymptotic stability are established.
PL
Rozpatrzono problem stabilności liniowych skalarnych układów dyskretnych niecałkowitego rzędu z jednym opóźnieniem zmiennych stanu. Wykorzystując metodę podziału D, podano granczne warunki konieczne i wystarczające praktycznej stabilności. Bazując na tych warunkach, sformułowano proste analityczne warunki wystarczające stabilności praktycznej oraz stabilności asymptotycznej. W przypadku układów dodatnich podano proste analityczne warunki konieczne i wystarczające stabilności praktycznej oraz stabilności asymptotycznej.
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