For splinting or designing adhesive bridges, reconstructive composite structures with increased mechanical properties owing to embedded reinforcement fibres are used. The aim of this article was to determine the influence of glass and aramid fibres on the mechanical strength of composites reinforced with these fibres. Methods: Two polymer-ceramic microhybrid materials: Boston and Herculite were tested. Three types of reinforcement fibres were used: aramid (Podwiązka) with a single layer weave, a single layer weave glass fibre (FSO) and triple layer weave glass fibre (FSO evo). Tests were conducted in accordance with the requirements of ISO 4049:2009. The following material types were chosen for research: Boston, Boston + Podwiązka, Herculite, Herculite + Podwiązka, Herculite + FSO and Herculite + FSO evo. The scope of research included: flexural strength B, bending modulus of elasticity εB and work to failure of the reinforced composite Wfb. Additionally, microscopic observations of fracture occurring in samples were made. Results: In comparison: the Herculite (97.7 MPa) type with the Herculite + FSO evo (177.5 MPa) type was characterized by the highest strength. Fibre reinforcement resulted in decreasing the elasticity modulus: Herculite + reinforcement (6.86 GPa; 6.33 GPa; 6.11 GPa) in comparison with the Herculite (9.84 GPa) and respectively Boston + reinforcement (10.08 GPa) as compared with the Boston (11.81 GPa). Conclusions: Using glass fibres increases flexural strength of the test composites. Using aramid fibres does not change their strength. The elasticity modulus of the reinforced reconstructive structures decreases after application of either type of fibres. However, their resistance to the crack initiation increases.