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Over the past years, an increase in the amount of the electromagnetic sources could be observed. Model presented in this article is limited to the impact of low frequency fields generated by the e.g. electrical power lines or magnetic coils in a bone fractures therapy. Particularly, the effect of the magnetic component of the electromagnetic field on stents will be evaluated. The conductivity of human tissues will be investigated. Yielded results will be used to simplify complicated, three-dimensional problem of the current distribution in stent branches, to one-dimensional one. The merits of the paper is proposing, implementing and using for analysis a numerical model of the stent in magnetic field. The impact of frequency and positioning of stent in the magnetic field will be investigated and current distributions found.
Purpose: In this work, the mechanical behavior of two block copolymers for biomedical applications is studied with particular regard to the effects induced by a steam sterilization treatment that biomedical devices usually undergo in healthcare facilities. This investigation is aimed at describing the elasto-plastic behavior of the stress-strain response, determining a functional dependence between material constitutive parameters, to obtain an optimal constitutive model. Methods: The mechanical properties of these polymers are analyzed through uniaxial tensile tests, before and after the sterilization process. The effect of sterilization on the mechanical behavior is evaluated. The Ramberg-Osgood model is used to describe the elasto-plastic behavior of the stress-strain response. Results: Data from uniaxial tensile tests are discussed in the light of previous data on the same polymeric materials, in order to highlight the correlation between physicochemical and mechanical properties variation. The material constitutive parameters are determined and the functional dependence between them is found, thus enabling an optimal constitutive model to be obtained. Conclusions: The effect of sterilization on the material constitutive parameters is studied, to evaluate the suitability of the model in describing the mechanical response of biomedical polymer before and after sterilization treatment. The same approach can be applied to other biomaterials, under various tensile tests, and for several processes that induce variation in mechanical properties.
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