Ograniczanie wyników
Czasopisma help
Autorzy help
Lata help
Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników

Znaleziono wyników: 76

Liczba wyników na stronie
first rewind previous Strona / 4 next fast forward last
Wyniki wyszukiwania
Wyszukiwano:
w słowach kluczowych:  balance
help Sortuj według:

help Ogranicz wyniki do:
first rewind previous Strona / 4 next fast forward last
1
Content available Body balance a few years after total hip replacement
EN
These aim of the study was to conduct a long-term evaluation of whether total hip replacement permanently affects the dynamic body balance. Methods: Twenty-five patients after the unilateral total hip replacement (mean age: 69.9 ± 6.2) and 25 subjects without the total hip replacement (mean age: 68.4 ± 4.8) who matched the age and overall health participated in this study. The force platform and functional tests such as Timed Up and Go, 3m walk test, Functional Reach Test, 30s Chair Stand Test, Step Test and Berg Balance Scale were used to assess dynamic balance. The results obtained in individual trials were compared using the Student’s t-test for independent variables, the Welch test or the non-parametric Mann–Whitney U-test. Results: Subjects from the THR group exhibited significantly increased time and distance in the tests performed on the force platform, compared to the control group. We also observed worse balance and functional test scores in the THR group: Timed Up and Go test ( p < 0.001), 3 m walk test ( p < 0.001), Functional Reach Test ( p < 0.001), 30 s Chair Stand Test ( p = 0.001) and Step Test (operated leg: p < 0.001, non-operated leg: p < 0.001). The results obtained in the Berg Balance Scale tests were not significantly different between the groups ( p = 0.218). Conclusions: We observed significant differences in postural stability and dynamic balance between patients after THR and subjects in the same age without endoprosthesis. Our research shows that total hip replacement permanently impairs patients’ dynamic balance and their functionality in certain lower-extremity activities.
PL
Artykuł porusza kwestię bilansu dwutlenku węgla w całkowitym życiu betonu. Jest teoretyczną próbą zbilansowania CO2 zarówno podczas wytwarzania betonu, w ciągu jego życia a także po jego rozbiórce i recyklingu. Część opracowań związanych z obliczenia śladu węglowego betonu nie uwzględnia fazy po zakończeniu okresu eksploatacji – recyklingu. Próba zestawienia z jednej strony pełnego odwzorowania śladu węglowego betonu a z drugiej strony przeciwstawienie jej samego procesu karbonatyzacji w ciągu okresu użytkowania, a także po okresie rozbiórki daje obecnie oczywiste wyniki: wyprodukowanie 1 tony zwykłej mieszanki betonowej zanieczyszcza atmosferę ziemską o 140-320 kg CO2ekw/t, co jest oczywiście znacznie wyższe niż pochłanianie ditlenku węgla w procesie karbonatyzacji, nawet przy uwzględnieniu procesu recyklingu i częściowo drugiego życia betonu.
EN
The article deals with the issue of the carbon balance in the total life of concrete. It is a theoretical attempt to balance CO2 both during the production of concrete, during its life and after its dismantling and recycling. Some studies related to the calculation of the carbon footprint of concrete do not take into account the phase after the end of its useful life - recycling. An attempt to compile, on the one hand, a full representation of the carbon footprint of the concrete and, on the other hand, a comparison of the carbonization process itself during its useful life and also after the demolition period, gives obvious results for the time being: the production of 1 tonne of ordinary concrete mix pollutes the earth’s atmosphere by 140-320 kg CO2eq/t, which is obviously much higher than the carbon dioxide absorption during the carbonization process, even taking into account the recycling process and partially the second life of concrete.
EN
The quality of body posture and its balance depends on the efficiency of the receptors, the good work of the central nervous system integrating and coordinating the postural system and the effective musculoskeletal system. Physical activity of people with intellectual disability can stimulate the processes of improving the posture and its postural stability, improving the quality of life. Methods: The study was conducted in 2017. 20 randomly selected volleyball players with intellectual disabilities and 10 healthy players took part in it. Body posture was recorded using a photogrammetric system. To evaluate the use of the Frohner Posture Index and the Dolphens classification, stability of the posture was assessed on the Zebris FDM power plate, analyzing the basic stabilographic parameters sway path and sway area. Results: Athletes with intellectual disabilities had significantly poorer posture and body balance than healthy players. There were no differences in postural stability between the groups studied. Some linear correlations were found between the quality of posture and balance and stabilographic variables. Conclusions: Incorrect postural patterns, observed in people with intellectual disabilities, require the development of special recovery programs. Qualified physical activity can help them improve their balance systems, reducing the risk of falls and injuries. The lack of the possibility of an unequivocal relationship between the quality of body posture and its stability requires research on a larger research material. New evaluation methods used (Frohner Posture index and Dolphens classification) confirmed their usefulness and gave new possibilities of application in postural research.
EN
The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of sound on standing postural control in the elderly with and without knee osteoarthritis (knee-OA). Methods: Twenty-six elderly with knee-OA and 26 elderly without knee-OA who matched the age and height participated in this study. The standing postural stability was assessed by the 3D motion analysis system. Four testing conditions of the combination of sound (no sound and white noise sound) and surface (firm and soft surfaces) were tested three times with eyes closed for 30 sec. Postural stability variables included the standard deviation and velocity of the centre of pressure, the total body centre of mass, and centre of the head along the antero-posterior (AP) and medio-lateral (ML) directions. Results: Statistical significant reductions of all variables along ML direction were found in the elderly without a knee-OA in the presence of sound during standing on a firm surface. No significant effect of sound was found in the elderly with the knee-OA during standing on a firm surface. In the standing on a soft surface, both groups demonstrated no significant effect of sound on all postural stability variables. Conclusions: Application of sound improved the standing postural stability in the frontal plane for the elderly without knee-OA. However, the effect of sound was limited in standing on a soft surface for both elderly with and without knee-OA.
5
Content available Body balance in people practicing snowboarding
EN
While snowboarding, the human body is subjected to many forces and factors affecting balance. It is assumed that practising snowboarding may improve balance, but the evidence from the literature is scarce. Therefore, our study aimed to examine the effect of snowboard training on balance parameters in adults. Methods: The study included 34 subjects between 19 to 26 years old (21.4 ± 1.44) – students of the University School of Physical Education in Wrocław. They were divided into 2 equal groups. The first group, the practising group consisted of 17 snowboarders who participated in a 6-day snowboard training. The second group, the control group consisted of 17 individuals who had never practised snowboarding. For the conduct of the study, a FreeMED force plate was used. The following parameters were measured: the length of COP sways, the surface of the COP ellipse, and COP ellipse angle. Tests were performed with eyes closed and open. Results: Values of most of the parameters in the practising group decreased insignificantly after 6-day training. Values of parameters in the control group were in most cases insignificantly higher in comparison with the practising group. Conclusions: Our findings may suggest that snowboard training has no effect on balance. Further research on larger groups of participants is required. Research methodology should include electromyography, measurement of the moment of muscle force, and kinematic analysis for evaluation movement during real snowboard ride.
EN
The aim of the study was to determine balance parameters in a group of young patients with vertigo symptoms and to verify posturography helpfulness in clinical evaluation of vestibular system pathology. Methods: 77 children and adolescents of age 3–18 suffering from vertigo episodes participated in the study (46 girls, 31 boys). They underwent audiology objective tests and balance test on stable surface. Calculated balance parameters were analyzed in reference to: eyes opened and closed, age influence, sway comparison in anterior-posterior and medial-lateral, differences between subgroups with and without vestibular deficits. Discriminant analysis was performed to assess classification ability to impaired group in two cases: only balance parameters and both audiology and balance parameters. Results: Patients with vertigo symptoms generally keep their balance properly on stable surface. Balance parameters do not depend on presence of vestibular system pathology. Values increased in eyes closed conditions. Left/Right and Anterior/Posterior differences were not statistically significant. The negative correlation between age and some balance parameters is present, stronger in the case of eyes opened and weaker or absent in vestibular impaired group. Also, correlations between axes were found, higher in impaired group in comparison with not impaired one. Conclusions: Discrimination based on balance parameters is poor not comparable to one built on combined: audiology and balance parameters, so typical balance parameters’ analysis is not so useful in clinical practice when the reason of vertigo episodes should be assessed, but verify compensation process and measure with objective numbers the progress of recovering, the actual functional patient’s status.
7
Content available Responsible Development and Durable Development
EN
In this article, it analyzes two contemporary models of social and economic development – responsible development and sustainable development. Reflections on responsibility in the present social and economic context precede reflections about the essence of the model of the responsible development. For various reasons irresponsibility increasingly prevails over responsibility, and responsibility becomes anonymous and fictitious. Thus, the tendency to behave and to act with impunity grows. One of the forms of responsible development is the so-called smart growth. Above all, people appropriately educated and wise should realize it. Unfortunately, the number of stupid people in the world constantly increases. The model of sustainable development raises doubts from the beginning. Almost all people criticize this model or refer to it in disbelief. Only optimists see it as the only chance for the survival of humanity. The choice between responsible and sustainable development is difficult, because each one is faulty. It would be good to create one model from these two models in a form of their synthesis. Certainly, that is a difficult challenge, but doable.
PL
W artykule analizuje się dwa współczesne modele rozwoju społecznego i gospodarczego – rozwoju odpowiedzialnego i rozwoju trwałego. Rozważania o istocie modelu rozwoju odpowiedzialnego poprzedzone są refleksjami nad odpowiedzialnością w teraźniejszym kontekście społecznym i ekonomicznym. Z różnych przyczyn subiektywnych i obiektywnych nieodpowiedzialność coraz bardziej przeważa nad odpowiedzialnością, a odpowiedzialność staje się anonimowa i fikcyjna. Dlatego rośnie tendencja do zachowania się i działania bezkarnego. Jedną z form rozwoju odpowiedzialnego jest tzw. wzrost inteligentny. Przede wszystkim powinni go realizować ludzie odpowiednio wykształceni i mądrzy. Niestety, w świecie jest coraz więcej głupich. Model rozwoju trwałego budzi wątpliwości od początku. Prawie wszyscy krytykują go lub odnoszą się do niego z niedowierzaniem. Tylko optymiści widzą w nim jedyną szansę na przetrwanie ludzkości. Wybór między rozwojem odpowiedzialnym a trwałym jest trudny, ponieważ każdy z nich jest wadliwy. Być może, dobrze byłoby z tych dwóch modeli stworzyć jeden w postaci ich syntezy. Z pewnością jest to wyzwanie trudne, ale wykonalne.
PL
Rolą synchronicznych eliminatorów drgań jest automatyczne wyrównoważanie wirników, których niewyważenie jest nieznane lub zmienne. Eliminator montuje się na osi niewyważonego wirnika. Elementy wyrównoważające, np. kule, samoczynnie ustawiają się w takim położeniu, aby zrównoważyć niepożądane pole sił bezwładności niewyważonego wirnika. W celu zaprojektowania odpowiedniego eliminatora należy skutecznie ocenić zapotrzebowanie na masę elementów wyrównoważających np. kul. Zbyt duża wartość masy może prowadzić do zakłócenia pracy maszyny przez znaczącą zmianę momentu bezwładności wirnika. Z kolei zbyt mała wartość masy może skutkować tylko częściowym wyrównoważeniem. Wartość niezbędnej masy wyrównoważającej zależy nie tylko od niewyważenia wirnika, ale również od parametrów geometrycznych komory eliminatora oraz kul. W pracy przedstawiono zależności pomiędzy niezbędną masą wyrównoważającą a promieniem bieżni eliminatora i liczbą kul. Na tej podstawie określono sposób doboru optymalnej liczby kul przy określonym promieniu bieżni komory eliminatora.
EN
Automatic Ball Balancer (ABB) is a device which automatically balances unknown or variable unbalance of the rotor. ABB is fixed on the machine rotor axis. The balancing elements inside ABB automatically take the position to balance the undesired inertia forces from the unbalanced rotor. In order to design an appropriate construction of ABB, one should effectively calculate the optimal mass of balancing elements, e.g. balls. Too high mass value can lead to disruption of the machine's operation by a significant change in the moment of inertia of the rotor. On the other hand, the too low mass value can cause only partial balancing. The value of the balancing mass depends on the value of the rotor unbalance, but also on the geometrical parameters of the ABB chamber and the balls. This paper concerns relationships between the necessary balancing mass and radius of the race and number of balls. Such dependencies were used to determine the optimal number of balls at the given radius of the eliminator.
EN
Article presents the energetic balance of small-unmanned vehicle hybrid power transmission. The vehicle equipped with series hybrid transmission consisted of electric engines connected to the battery pack and small Diesel power generator. In mentioned construction, battery is used as energy buffer and combustion engine is used more as emergency power supply, and is turned on when battery is depleted. In other condition, power generator can be turned off, without reducing power of transmission parameters, except its range. Investigation was divided on two stages. At first stage generator, charging unit and battery were placed outside the vehicle. One piston power generator was feed by Diesel fuel. Fuel consumption of power generator was recorded from AVL fuel balance and energy parameters were recorded by power line analyser of BMR Company. Generator was connected to the direct current power plant. 70 Ah and 48 DC Lithium-polymer battery was charged from the power plant. After charging cycle, small water resistor was used to discharge the battery. Power parameters of discharged battery were measured. This enable to measure balance form tank to the battery. Second stage of the energetic balance determination was to measure internal resistances of vehicle power transmission from current inverter/converter connected to the engine and through the transmission up to the wheels of the vehicle. Power loss of energy at different speed of vehicle wheels without ground contact was measured in respect of power consumption. The series hybrid transmission is consider less efficient than parallel but because of specific configuration of power transmission, it was possible to reach higher efficiency
EN
Identification of factors that affect postural stability may help to improve diagnostic accuracy and enhance the quality of treatment and rehabilitation. This study sought to assess the relationship between postural stability parameters and anthropometric factors of persons with hearing impairment (HI). Methods: The study included 128 individuals – 42 subjects with HI and 86 without HI (healthy controls). Research methodology included an interview and a medical examination, anthropometric measurements and stabilometric tests on platforms with stable and unstable surfaces. Results: In the group of female study participants with HI, significant correlations were only noted between body height and the Fall Risk Index (FRI). In the group of male subjects with HI, the study revealed significant correlations between FRI and body mass, BMI, % MM (muscle mass percentage) and % FAT (fat percentage). Moreover, moderate correlation was found between COP path with eyes open and body mass, while high correlation was observed between COP path with eyes open and BMI, % MM and % FAT. No significant correlation was noted between FRI and body height in men with HI. Conclusions: The examination of correlations between postural stability and body build of persons with HI did not confirm the effects of body height on postural stability in the examined group of individuals with HI, but revealed a greater influence of somatic parameters (body mass, BMI, % MM, % FAT) on postural stability in hearing-impaired men.
EN
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare and analyse of relationships between stability indices registered in two positions: standing and handstand in athletes practicing gymnastics at various levels of advancement. Methods: The study included 46 athletes practicing gymnastics. The research tool was posturograph CQ-Stab 2P. Results: In both standing position and handstand in the seniors there were statistically significantly lower values of such indicators as: sway area delimited by the center of pressure ( p = 0.004, p = 0.014), mean amplitude of COP ( p = 0.021, p = 0.017), mean displacement of the center of feet/hands pressure in medio-lateral direction ( p = 0.011, p = 0.003) and maximal displacement of the center of feet/hands pressure in mediolateral direction ( p = 0.036, p = 0.036). In the standing position, seniors also had statistically significantly lower values of the statokinesiogram path length, both total ( p = 0.000) as well as in anteroposterior ( p = 0.001) and mediolateral ( p = 0.002) directions. In the seniors group there were statistically significant correlations between variables obtained in standing position and handstand. Conclusions: The level of sport advancement significantly differentiates the stability of a body in standing position and handstand. The seniors practicing gymnastics, compared to juniors, are characterized by a better ability to control the position of the body in both positions. The lack of relationships between stability indices registered in standing and handstand in juniors suggests that the analysis of the values of stability indices obtained in a standing position does not provide the possibility of predicting the ability to maintain balance in the handstand during the recruitment of candidates for gymnastics.
EN
The aim of this study was to formulate a new balance disturbances coefficient enabling objective balance assessment on the basis of fast Fourier transform curves. The article presents the method of coefficient calculation and possible ways of its interpretation. Methods: 11 healthy participants took part in the experiment. There were four measurements: two in real environment with eyes open and eyes closed as well as two in virtual environment with scenery (surroundings) oscillating with frequency 0.7 Hz and 1.4 Hz. Scenery was displayed by means of the Oculus Rift system, whereas position of centre of pressure was measured with the use of Zebris FDM-S platform. Obtained centre of pressure positions were used to calculate fast Fourier transform, and then balance disturbances coefficient. Results: Comparisons of coefficient values obtained for the whole group and two selected participants were presented in order to explain how to interpret and use the coefficient. For better explanation of coefficient interpretation the most popular time domain stabilometric quantities and fast Fourier transform curves were presented as well. Conclusions: The balance disturbances coefficient makes it possible to quantitatively and objectively determine, on the basis of fast Fourier transform curves, the influence of the oscillating scenery on the tested person as well as show how the overall equilibrium of that person was disturbed.
PL
W pracy zaprezentowano zmodyfikowaną metodykę obliczania nadwyżki słomy dostępnej w Polsce na cele energetyczne względem metodyki opisanej przez KOWALCZYK-JUŚKO [2010]. Zaprezentowana metodyka została zmodyfikowana przez uwzględnienie: zapotrzebowania na słomę w elektrowniach, nadwyżki importu biomasy do Polski nad eksportem, ilości substancji organicznej do przyorania pochodzącej z obornika i ilości substancji organicznej do przyorania pochodzącej z gnojowicy. W zmodyfikowanej metodyce nadwyżka słomy dostępnej do wykorzystania na cele energetyczne wyniosła 11 471 486 t w 2016 r. Według metodyki niemodyfikowanej nadwyżka ta wyniosła 10 113 199 t w 2016 r. Dla 2016 r. otrzymano następujące wyniki obliczeń w skali Polski: produkcja słomy zbóż podstawowych oraz rzepaku i rzepiku - 34 493 000 t, zapotrzebowanie na słomę ściołową - 5 299 538 t, zapotrzebowanie na słomę na pasze - 5 603 990 t, zapotrzebowanie na słomę do przyorania - 13 476 273 t, zużycie słomy i agrobiomasy w elektrowniach - 2 460 000 t, nadwyżka importu nad eksportem agrobiomasy 1 152 997 t, ilość substancji organicznej do przyorania pochodząca z obornika - 2 251 156 t, ilość substancji organicznej do przyorania pochodząca z gnojowicy - 414 134 t.
EN
There is presented a modified methodology for calculating of straw surplus available in Poland for energy purposes versus methodology described by KOWALCZYK-JUŚKO [2010]. The presented methodology has been modified by taking into account: the demand for straw in power plants, surplus of biomass imports to Poland over exports, the amount of organic matter to be ploughed derived from manure and the amount of organic matter to be ploughed derived from slurry. In the modified methodology, the surplus of straw available for use for energy purposes was calculated as 11 471 486 t in 2016. According to the unmodified method, the surplus was calculated as 10 113 199 t in 2016. For 2016 year, the results of calculations for Poland were as follows: production of basic cereal straw and rape and turnip rape - 34 493 000 t, straw demand - 5 299 538 t, straw demand for feed - 5 603 990 t, straw demand for ploughing - 13 476 273 t, straw and agrobiomass consumption in power plants - 2 460 000 t, surplus of imports over exports of agrobiomass 1 152 997 t, amount of organic matter to be ploughed derived from manure - 2 251 156 t, amount of organic matter to be ploughed derived from slurry - 414 134 t.
EN
Underground spaces having features such as stability, resistance, and being undetected can play a key role in reducing vulnerability by relocating infrastructures and manpower. In recent years, the competitive business environment and limited resources have mostly focused on the importance of project management in order to achieve its objectives. In this research, in order to find the best balance among cost, time, and quality related to construction projects using reinforced concrete in underground structures, a multi-objective mathematical model is proposed. Several executive approaches have been considered for project activities and these approaches are analyzed via several factors. It is assumed that cost, time, and quality of activities in every defined approach can vary between compact and normal values, and the goal is to find the best execution for activities, achieving minimum cost and the maximum quality for the project. To solve the proposed multi-objective model, the genetic algorithm NSGA-II is used.
PL
Pomysł stworzenia bezpiecznej przestrzeni ma na celu zmniejszenie lub wyeliminowanie skutków zniszczenia i promieniowania, ze względu na bombardowanie klasyczne lub jądrowe i inne ataki. W przypadku ataków lotniczych zwykle używa się bomb z ogromnym potencjałem wybuchu i siłą niszczycielską, a zatem zderzenie tych bomb z celami powstaje bardzo wysoki poziom energii kinetycznej. Ta energia kinetyczna rozchodzi się jako ciśnienie i ciepło w środowisku, co może zakłócić i zniszczyć cel. Czasem ochrona przed bombardowaniami w budynkach i obiektach jest zapewniona przez modernizację zapobiegającą bezpośredniemu uderzeniu. Odbywa się to w przypadku ważnych miejsc, takich jak stanowiska dowodzenia i kluczowe elementy infrastruktury. Jednakże, w innych przypadkach, jest to nieuzasadnione z ekonomicznego punktu widzenia, dlatego też zamiast tego często wykorzystuje się podziemne lub częściowo podziemne bezpieczne przestrzenie (Movahedinia [5]). Zarządzanie projektem to zorganizowany system służący do zarządzania zasobami, dzięki czemu projekt może być ukończony zgodnie z określoną wizją w zakresie jakości, czasu i kosztu (Burke [7]). Projekty budowlane, podobnie jak inne działania i projekty, posiadają swoje własne ograniczenia. W odniesieniu do zarządzania projektem, są to tradycyjnie ograniczenia zakresu, czasu i kosztu. Te trzy czynniki są również określane jako trójkąt zarządzania projektem, w którym każde ograniczenie określa jedną stronę trójkąta. Podobnie jak w geometrii, jeśli jedna strona ulegnie zmianie, inne strony również się zmieniają; w zarządzaniu projektem, zmiany jednego czynnika wpływają również na inne czynniki. Trójkąt zarządzania projektem można również stosować w relacjach czasu, kosztu i jakości (Clements i Gido [8]). Oznacza to, że każdy projekt posiada trzy ograniczenia, którymi są czas, koszt i zakres. Ogólnie rzecz biorąc, kwestia równoważenia kosztu, czasu i jakości jednocześnie stara się uwzględnić trzy ważne czynniki w zarządzaniu projektem. Łatwo zrozumieć, że kwestia ta ma charakter wieloczynnościowy i może być przedstawiana w postaci modeli o wielu celach (Shuquan i Kongguo [11]). Struktura takiego modelu zawiera wiele opcji dla każdego działania, a model próbuje wybrać te z minimalnym koszem i czasem oraz najwyższą maksymalną jakością, lecz w tym przypadku mamy do czynienia z równoważeniem selekcji, ponieważ wysoka jakość i szybkość mają swoją cenę, a wykonanie kosztownego projektu może nie być możliwe. Badanie to ma na celu modelowanie problemu równoważenia kosztu, czasu i jakości w formie problemu o wielu celach, a następnie jego rozwiązanie za pomocą meta-heurystycznych algorytmów.
EN
Purpose: Maintaining balance in humans involves continuous changes in parameters. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of hippotherapeutic exercises on development of the sense of balance in boys aged 15 to 17 years with mild intellectual disability. Methods: The study examined 50 randomly chosen boys aged 15 to 17 years with mild intellectual disability from the special education centre in Leżajsk, Poland. The study participants were divided into two groups: experimental group, who participated for 3 months in hippotherapeutic classes and the control group, with boys attending outdoor or indoor physical education classes. Before and after completion of the study, both experimental and control groups were diagnosed by means of Accu SwayPlus force plate. The force plate was used to determine alterations in the position of the centre of pressure (COP) on the platform in the frontal and sagittal planes in relaxed standing position with feet spread to the shoulder width and with eye control with respect to the base of support (BOS). The description was based on mean displacement of the centre of gravity (COG), mean velocity of displacements of the COG, mean radial displacement and total length of the COP pathway. Results: In the experimental group, equestrian exercises induced a series of significant changes that pointed to the improved balance reactions. The character of these changes in the positions analysed was similar: values of body sway in the sagittal plane and their range and mean displacements decreased statistically significantly after training. The same tendency was observed for mean radial displacements in the free open position and with closed support surface. Furthermore, the velocity of displacement and the length of the COP’s projection pathway on the support surface in the free open position was also reduced. All significant changes and trends found for the experimental group, which occurred after 3 month of hippotherapeutic classes, suggest improved parameters of balance. Conclusions: The lack of changes in balance parameters in the control group shows that the hippotherapeutic classes significantly develop balance abilities in boys aged 15 to 17 years with mild intellectual disability.
EN
The aim of the study was to determine whether it is possible to assess static balance on an unstable surface using center of pressure velocities obtained with a force platform when standing on a wobble board. Methods: The center of pressure velocities were recorded with a force platform within three days (four trials per day) in thirty young adults in three conditions: standing on a rigid surface, compliant surface, and on a wobble board. Reliability of mean velocities of the center of pressure was examined using intraclass correlation coefficients. Relationships between the three conditions were assessed with Pearson correlation coefficients. Results: Intra-session reliability was excellent for standing on a rigid surface and on a compliant surface and good for standing on a wobble board. Inter-session reliability was good for all parameters in all conditions, except for poor reliability in the anterior-posterior direction in standing on a wobble board. All correlations between the same parameter in different conditions were statistically significant (P < 0.05), except for velocity of the center of pressure in the anterior-posterior direction between stance on a rigid surface and stance on a wobble board. Conclusions: Centre of pressure velocity parameters obtained with a force plate when standing on a wobble board can provide valuable information about postural stability in unstable conditions.
EN
The study objective was to evaluate the impact of a ten-day rehabilitation process on the change of the distribution of body mass and the load on the lower limbs, using the tandem balance test and the modified tandem balance test in a sitting position in stroke patients. The distribution of load on the lower limbs found its expression in the index, referred to as the Kwolek index, which was developed. It was calculated as the quotient of the greater value to the lesser one, both obtained in the tandem balance test; the normal limits ranged from 1.00 to 1.15. Material and methods. The test group comprised of 60 stroke patients. 30 people were qualified to the control group. The basis for the analysis was the measurements of the distribution of body mass and load on the lower limbs in the tandem balance test and in the modified tandem balance test. The distribution of body mass test was carried out on the first and last day of rehabilitation. The rehabilitation of ischaemic stroke patients involved comprehensive physiotherapy. Results. When analyzing the distribution of body mass symmetry before and after the therapy in both the control group and the test group, an increase in the number of people was observed in the groups with a lower Kwolek index, whereas a decrease was present in the number of people in groups with a higher Kwolek index. Conclusions. Comprehensive rehabilitation affects the improvement of the distribution of body mass.
PL
Celem badań była ocena wpływu dziesięciodniowej rehabilitacji na zmianę rozkładu masy ciała oraz obciążenie kończyn dolnych przy użyciu testu dwóch wag oraz zmodyfikowanego testu dwóch wag w pozycji siedzącej u pacjentów po udarze mózgu. Wykorzystano do tego między innymi indeks Kwolka, który obrazuje rozkład masy ciała w teście dwóch wag. Indeks Kwolka wyrażany jest jako iloraz wartości większej do mniejszej uzyskanej w standardowym lub zmodyfikowanym teście dwóch wag. Materiał i metoda. Badaniom zostało poddane 96 osób. Grupę badaną stanowiło 60 pacjentów po udarze mózgu. Do grupy kontrolnej zakwalifikowano 30 osób. Podstawą analizy były pomiary rozkładu masy ciała i obciążenia kończyn dolnych w teście dwóch wag oraz zmodyfikowanym teście dwóch wag (w pozycji siedzącej). Badanie rozkładu masy ciała wykonano w pierwszym oraz ostatnim dniu rehabilitacji. Rehabilitacja pacjentów po niedokrwiennym udarze mózgu polegała na kompleksowej fizjoterapii. Wyniki. Analizując rozkład symetryczności masy ciała przed oraz po terapii zarówno w grupie kontrolnej jak i badawczej zaobserwowano tendencję do wzrostu liczby osób w grupach o niższym wskaźniku Kwolka, a zmniejszeniu się liczebności grup o wyższym wskaźniku Kwolka. Wnioski. Kompleksowa rehabilitacja ma wpływ na poprawę rozkładu masy ciała.
PL
Usuwanie drzew jest procesem ciągłym, nieuniknionym i mającym wiele zróżnicowanych przyczyn.
EN
Self-management is a relatively new concept. Only a human with the sustainable personality, a relatively broad knowledge of the surrounding reality and the sense of his / her own life is able to wisely pursue his / her far-reaching life goals. The balance between the most crucial aspects of personality, i.e. physicality, mentality, spirituality and emotionality, is the most important condition to make the above possible. If a person treats those characteristics in a balanced manner and none of them gains a significant advantage over others it should be assumed that all decisions concerning the present and future socio-occupational and personal life will be rational, deliberate and planned in such a way that any socio-situational conditions never interfere his / her traced out vision of life.
PL
Sprawdzono, czy badanie równowagi na platformie dynamometrycznej pozwoli na różnicowanie wyników badań w grupie osób młodszych i starszych, użytkujących obuwie ochronne o różnej konstrukcji. Wykazano, że noszenie obuwia ochronnego z cholewką i usztywnieniem wokół stawu skokowo-goleniowego wpływa na poprawę równowagi statycznej i dynamicznej u osób starszych.
EN
It was determined whether balance tests conducted on a dynamometric platform reveal differences between younger and older subjects wearing protective footwear differing in terms of shoe collar height and heel support. It was showed that the protective footwear with a high collar and ankle support improved both static and dynamic balance in older persons.
first rewind previous Strona / 4 next fast forward last
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.