W pracy przedstawiono nową metodę syntezy anten paskowych, przydatnych do zastosowań w systemach adaptacyjnych. Proponowana metoda polega na poszukiwaniu optymalnych kształtów charakterystyk promieniowania pojedynczych radiatorów w szyku antenowym (przez zmianę przenikalności elektrycznej podłoża ferroelektrycznego radiatora paskowego) bez konieczności stosowania przesuwników fazy i tłumików. W pracy przedstawione wyniki syntezy oraz porównanie proponowanej metody z ogólnie stosowanymi.
ln modern radio system smart beamforming is often required. Communications antennas must offer a large number of operating modes (including pencil and shaped beams with fast switching between them) in order to ensure the best coverage of the service area. Therefore in designing smart antennas one of the main challenges is to provide a prescribed shaped antenna pattern that simultaneously suppresses interference signals (which locations are either known or unknown). As a rule this problem is solved with the use of phased-array antennas. This type of array consists of multiple stationary antenna elements which are fed coherently and use variable phase or time-delay control at each element to scan the beam to given angles in space. Variable amplitude control is sometimes also provided for pattern shaping. Performance of each radiating element bas significant influence on the parameters of antenna array, e.g. pattern, beamwidth, directivity gain, sidelobes, cross-polarization levels etc. Reducing the cost of phased array antennas has recently become the subject of considerable interest. The most prominent obstacle to this is the cost of current phase shifter elements (p-I-n diodes, MESFETs, ferrite). AIl of these are expensive, constituting a significant portion of the total receive-array cost. Additionally, p-I-n diodes and MESFETs introduce significant losses. These losses necessitate additional amplification of signal thus complicate the overall system design. New developments in MEMS and ferroelectric technologies promise low loss/high performance phase shifters. Both technologies provide low losses with beam capabilities, high isolation, good power handling ability, and low intermodulation distortion. Ferroelectrics are beneficial for applications operating at microwaves range, offering large phase shift per loss, low losses (0.2-0.3 dB, depending on frequency and matching), and large power handling capability. Bulk ferroelectric are beneficial for large phased array antennas because acceptable radiation characteristics may be achieved with fewer elements, lower cost, smaller size, and weight and lower power consumption. The design of a low-cost antenna array with 2D steering capability is very important for radiocommunication. As the satellite and mobile wireless communications technologies continue to utilize higher frequencies in the 20 to 60 GHz range, the design of a phased array antenna becomes prohibitively expensive. Also the realization od 2D scanning capability to track the satellite or to provide adequate urban communications systems becomes increasingly difficult to realize at a sufficiently low-cost suitable for the consumer market. The aim of this paper is to present a new method of array pattern synthesis by taking into consideration pattern of each radiator specially of the ferroelectric one. Radiating elements employing ferroelectric materials may give much better performance compared with ferrite ones, because of their high power handling capability, low drive power, full military temperature range of operation and low cost. The main feature of the ferroelectric antennas is the change of ferroelectric material permittivity with an applied dc control voltage. The permittivity change by varying the dc bias enables to create different radiation patterns. This permits to use such radiating element in several applications, e.g. smart antenna arrays. In this paper, new method of pattern synthesis of antenna arrays without phase shifters and attenuators has been presented. This concept is based on utilizing voltage-controlled ferroelectric array, where variable pattern of each antenna element is used to synthesize array pattrern.