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PL
Oszacowano zagrożenie osób w wyniku pożaru pojazdu dostawczego z butlami 11 kg oraz 33 kg zawierającymi propan-butan techniczny, spowodowanego ich nieszczelnością. Wyznaczono prawdopodobieństwo rozszczelnienia butli z gazem skroplonym LPG, w ciągu roku podczas czynności załadunku, wyładunku i transportu w firmie handlu oboźnego. Oszacowano cząstkowe i całkowite ryzyka wystąpienia ciężkiego obrażenia ciała kierowcy oraz ryzyko jego śmierci w przypadku zdarzenia pożaru na skrzyni ładunkowej oraz zdarzenia wystrzału opony. W ocenie ryzyka zastosowano metody drzewa zdarzeń/niezawodności i drzewa niezdatności/błędu oraz metodę probabilistyczną.
EN
The threat of people as a result of delivery vehicle fire handling 11 kg and 33 kg bottles with propane-butane, due to leakage of these bottles was estimated. The probability of unsealing LPG bottles with gas during the year at loading, unloading and transport operations in carrier trade company was determined. Partial and total risk of serious driver injuries and the risk of death in the event of a fire in open load-carrying body of the car and tire damage was estimated. The risk assessment uses the methods of the event and fault tree as well as the probabilistic method.
PL
W artykule zaprezentowano koncepcję przewidywania ryzyka wypadkowego w czasie prowadzenia eksploatacji ścianowej, w warunkach zagrożenia tąpnięciem, opartą na teorii procesów losowych i teorii zdarzeń, umożliwiającą opracowywanie operatywnych prognoz i bezpośrednie przekazywanie ich załodze w formie ostrzeżeń. Wyniki oceny pozwalają na podjęcie decyzji o czasowym wycofaniu pracowników poza strefę ryzyka nieakceptowanego. Zaproponowany sposób przewidywania możliwości wystąpienia wypadków i wielkości strat ludzkich oraz rzeczowych może wpłynąć na doskonalenie metod organizowania pracy, a także na usprawnianie systemu zarządzania bezpieczeństwem kopalni.
EN
The articles discusses a concept of forecasting accident risk during longwall extraction in crump-risk conditions based on random process theory and event theory. Stochastic Markov processes were used to estimate times of occurrence of dangerous events and forecasting their consequences. Expert models were proposed for forecasting likely places of occurrence of dangerous events. Thanks to the gained up-to-date diagnostic information, it was possible to develop operational forecasts after processing this information and directly provide it to the team in the form of warnings. Assessment results will also allow for taking decision on temporary withdrawal of workers outside unacceptable risk areas. The proposed method for forecasting accidents and losses in people and goods can contribute to improvement of work organization methods and improvements in the mine safety management system.
EN
Improving of road infrastructure results in raised transport efficiency and reduced number and fatality of road accidents; it also has a favourable impact on the course of logistic operations. The current relations between the road category in the general meaning and the fatality of road transport accidents, which significantly affect the so-called external costs of transport, have been analysed in this paper. These costs predominantly depend on the risk of an accident with casualties and on the unit cost of a road accident. Indicators have been defined that may facilitate quantitative describing of the fatality of accidents and the share of accidents in the external costs of transport. Numerical values have been determined that describe the current accident hazards on Polish roads of specific categories. The trend lines of the changes in safety indicators facilitate the forecasting inference, which is indispensable for planning the development of road transport and for moulding the external costs of transport. Particular attention has been given to results of the application of the theory of risk to the defining of the relation between the road category and the fatality of accidents. The calculated risk indicator values show quite stable trend lines, which may facilitate the use of such values for the evaluation of the fatality of accidents on roads of various categories.
EN
The safe operations of LNG terminal in Świnoujście mainly depends on safe operations of LNG tankers. Manoeuvring the LNG tanker at the terminal entrance and basin is always connected with a risk of accident. Areas where the risk of accident is the greatest are those in the vicinity of entrance heads and the turning basin. Accidents within these areas are burdened with the most serious consequences. This article presents possible scenarios of LNG tanker accident consequences in the LNG Terminal in Świnoujście.
PL
Bezpieczna eksploatacja terminalu LNG w Świnoujściu w głównej mierze uzależniona jest od bezpiecznej eksploatacji gazowców LNG. Manewrowanie statkiem na wejściu do terminalu i w jego obszarze zagrożone jest możliwością wystąpienia awarii. Obszarami potencjalnie najbardziej narażonymi na awarie są główki wejściowe do terminalu oraz obrotnica. Wystąpienie awarii w tych obszarach obarczone jest największymi skutkami. W artykule zostały zaprezentowane możliwe warianty wystąpienia skutków awarii tankowca LNG na terminalu w Świnoujściu.
EN
Percentage of young drivers who were involved in traffic accident with fatalities and injuries is very high. In nearly each fourth accident with fatalities was participated one driver younger than 25 years. Young drivers take part in 26% of all accident with serious consequences (died and serious injuries). In the paper we prepared analysis of casualty among the young car drivers 18-24 years old who participated in traffic on the territory of the Republic of Serbia during the period of 2002. to 2006. According to collected data of casualties we carried out analysis by time and type of accident in which young car drivers were involved. The main aim is to give some traffic safety measures to reduce the accident risks of young car drivers on the road in Serbia.
EN
This paper describes research studies analyzing the behaviour of drivers in the simulated accident risk situation. The study was conducted in two environments: on the Kielce Car Test Track and in the driving simulator autoPW of Warsaw University of Technology. The same 3 (different) situational scenarios of accidents were performed in both environments and the same group of 100 drivers was examined. Each of the examined persons performed the same set of tests, randomly ordered, carried out for various values of the time TTC (time to collision), received as combinations of the tested vehicle velocity and its distance from the roadblock. The vehicle speed was changed within the range from 36 up to 60 km/h, and the distance of the vehicle from the first roadblock from 5 up to 50 m. The paper presents exemplary results of the research studies.
EN
Directive 2003/10/EC sets the requirement for evaluating the effect of noise on accident risk. Accident risk is elevated for workers with a hearing handicap because of their reduced speech intelligibility and reduced capability to perceive the direction of incoming sound. An audiogram is not a good method for the evaluation of these functions. To reduce accident risk, organisational and personal solutions are needed. For both methods, efficiency must be evaluated through proper risk assessment. Because practical guidelines are not available, this paper presents principles for accident risk evaluation techniques.
EN
Time-related accident risk in shift work may be attributed to internal factors, such as fatigue, level of performance, sleep propensity, and to some external factors, like shift system, physical and social environment. Six hundred and sixty-eight events in the metallurgical industry have been analysed in terms of time of day, time on task, consecutive day of the shift block, day of the week, and season. The injury rate was similar on all shifts but more severe accidents happened in the nighttime. Somewhat more injuries occurred in the second half of the shift, in the second part of a shift block, and in summer compared with winter. There were fewer injuries at weekends.
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