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EN
β-Ni(OH)2/ZnO composite powders were successfully synthesized by hydrothermal method at 180 °C for 15 h whereas NiO/ZnO composite powders formed after the as-prepared powders were calcined at 800 °C for 1 h in air. The X-ray diffractometer (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), UV-Vis spectrophotometer were used to characterize the phase, particle shape as well as size and optical properties, respectively. In this system, it was found that ZnO is a major phase while β-Ni(OH)2 and NiO are a minor phases. The altered particle shape of ZnO was influenced by addition of Ni(CH3COO)2ˑ6H2O whereas the particle shape of the minor phase was changed due to the calcination process. The optical band gap decreased when the amount of minor phase increased. For photocatalytic study, it was found that 6 mol% β-Ni(OH)2/ZnO composite powders exhibited the best decolorization of methylene blue aqueous solution.
2
Content available remote ZnO-based terahertz quantum cascade lasers
EN
High-power terahertz sources operating at room-temperature are promising for many applications such as explosive materials detection, non-invasive medical imaging, and high speed telecommunication. Here we report the results of a simulation study, which shows the significantly improved performance of room-temperature terahertz quantum cascade lasers (THz QCLs) based on a ZnMgO/ZnO material system employing a 2-well design scheme with variable barrier heights and a delta-doped injector well. We found that by varying and optimizing constituent layer widths and doping level of the injector well, high power performance of THz QCLs can be achieved at room temperature: optical gain and radiation frequency is varied from 108 cm−1 @ 2.18 THz to 300 cm−1 @ 4.96 THz. These results show that among II–VI compounds the ZnMgO/ZnO material system is optimally suited for high-performance room-temperature THz QCLs.
EN
Binary and ternary nanocomposites based on TiO2, SiO2 and ZnO were synthesized by PVA-based template-free gel combustion method. The morphology and the particles sizes of the synthesized samples depended on some parameters including the initial concentrations of metal salts and PVA amount in the sol, solvent composition and solution pH. Effects of these parameters were investigated and optimized by using the Taguchi method. In the experimental design, the Taguchi L25 array was used to investigate six factors at five levels. The samples were characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) specific surface areas, scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The obtained results showed that the present method can be used to synthesize TiO2/SiO2/ZnO ternary nanocomposite with an effective surface area of 0.3 m2 · g−1 and ZnO/TiO2, TiO2/SiO2, ZnO/SiO2 binary nanocomposites with an effective surface area of 234 m2 · g-1, 6 m2 · g-1 and 0.5 m2 · g-1, respectively. The ZnO/TiO2 nanocomposite which was synthesized under the following experimental conditions: 2.5 wt.% Zn salt, 2.5 wt.% Ti salt, 2.0 wt.% PVA, pH = 1 and ethanol:water ratio 30:70 was selected by the Taguchi method as an optimum sample with the smallest particles (average diameter = 50 nm).
4
Content available remote Mixed structure Zn(S,O) nanoparticles: synthesis and characterization
EN
In the present work, mixed structure Zn(S,O) nanoparticles have been synthesized using solution based chemical coprecipitation technique. Two different zinc sources (Zn(CH3COO) 2·2H2O and ZnSO4·7H2O) and one sulfur source (CSNH2NH2) have been used as primary chemical precursors for the synthesis of the nanoparticles in the presence and absence of a capping agent (EDTA). The structural, morphological, compositional and optical properties of the nanoparticles have been analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), Fourier transmission infra-red (FT-IR) and UV-Visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy. XRD revealed the formation of mixed phases of c-ZnS, h-ZnS and h-ZnO in the synthesized nanoparticles. The surface morphology was analyzed from SEM micrographs which showed noticeable changes due to the effect of EDTA. EDX analysis confirmed the presence of zinc, sulfur and oxygen in Zn(S,O) nanoparticles. FT-IR spectra identified the presence of characteristic absorption peaks of ZnS and ZnO along with other functional group elements. The optical band gap values were found to vary from 4.16 eV to 4.40 eV for Zn(S,O) nanoparticles which are higher in comparison to the band gap values of bulk ZnS and ZnO. These higher band gap values may be attributed to the mixed structure of Zn(S,O) nanoparticles.
5
Content available remote Controlling of optical band gap of the CdO films by zinc oxide
EN
In this study, CdZnO films prepared at different ratios of dopants (CdO:ZnO = 5:5, CdO:ZnO = 6:4, and CdO:ZnO = 8:2) were coated on glass surface by using the sol-gel spin coating technique. After this process, surface structure and optical properties of the CdZnO films was investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The surface structure of the CdZnO films depended on the content of ZnO and CdO in the films. Low percentage of CdO films were very similar to the ZnO film but higher amount of CdO resuted in granular structures together with pure structure of ZnO in the films. Eg values of produced CdZnOs depended on the additions of CdO and ZnO. The obtained Eg values of the produced CdO:ZnO = 5:5 (S3), CdO:ZnO = 6:4 (S4), and CdO:ZnO = 8:2 (S5) films are 2.5 eV, 2.49 eV, and 2.4 eV, respectively.
EN
In this study, an attempt was made to investigate the flame retardancy of cotton fabrics coated with a high nano-ZnO content. Via a simply method in situ, a novel ZnO/cotton composite can be fabricated with a high proportion of nano-ZnO assembled on cotton fabric, where the finished cotton fabric has a certain property of flame retardancy. Discussed herein is the effect of the processed liquid concentration, ammonia-smoking time, and curing temperature on fabric properties such as flame retardancy and hand feeling. Performed were also tests of doping boric acid using the vertical burning method. The finished cotton fabrics were analysed using X-Ray Diffrcation (XRD) and a field emission scanning electron microscope(FESEM), which indicated that between the fibres, and inside the lumen and mesopores of the cotton fibres are assembled with nano-ZnO. The results show that the nano-ZnO content on cotton fabrics can reach up to 15.63 wt%, with the finished cotton fabric having excellent flame retardancy, despite the long after-glow time; however, doping with 0.8 wt% boric acid on the cotton fabric can markedly reduce this. Therefore, a high amount of nano-ZnO doped with boric acid assembled on cotton fabric has great potential in the future.
PL
W pracy podjęto próbę zbadania ognioodporności tkanin bawełnianych pokrytych nano-ZnO. Omówiono wpływ przetworzonej cieczy, stężenie, czas palenia amoniaku i temperaturę utwardzania (wulkanizacji) na właściwości tkaniny bawełnianej, takie jak: ognioodporność i chwyt. Wykonano również analizę kwasu borowego metodą pionowego spalania. Gotowe tkaniny bawełniane analizowano za pomocą dyfrakcji rentgenowskiej (XRD) i skaningowego mikroskopu elektronowego z emisją polową (FESEM), które wskazywały, że między włóknami oraz w lumenach i mezoporach włókien bawełnianych zgromadził się nano-ZnO. Wyniki pokazują, że zawartość nano-ZnO na tkaninach bawełnianych może dochodzić do 15,63% wag., Przy czym gotowa tkanina bawełniana ma doskonałą ognioodporność, pomimo długiego czasu po żarzeniu, jednak dodanie 0,8% wag. kwasu borowego może to znacznie zmniejszyć. Stwierdzono, że zastosowanie nano-ZnO z kwasem borowym na tkaninie bawełnianej ma ogromny potencjał do zastosowania w przyszłości.
EN
Constantly developing nanotechnology provides the possibility of manufacturing nanostructured composites with a polymer matrix doped with ceramic nanoparticles, including ZnO. A specific feature of polymers, i.e. ceramic composite materials, is an amelioration in physical properties for polymer matrix and reinforcement. The aim of the paper was to produce thin fibrous composite mats, reinforced with ZnO nanoparticles and a polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) matrix obtained by means of the electrospinning process and then examining the influence of the strength of the reinforcement on the morphology and optical properties of the composite nanofibers. The morphology and structure of the fibrous mats was examined by a scanning electron microscope (SEM) with an energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). UV –Vis spectroscopy allowed to examine the impact of zinc oxide on the optical properties of PVP/ZnO nanofibers and to investigate the width of the energy gap.
EN
Among the large family of metallic oxides, there is a considerable group possessing excellent semiconducting properties. What follows, they are promising materials for applications in the field of optoelectronics and photonics. Thanks to the development of nanotechnology in the last few decades, it is now possible to manufacture a great variety of different nanostructures. By controlling their size, shape, composition and crystallinity, one can influence such properties as band gap, absorption properties, surface to volume ratio, conductivity, and, as a consequence, tune the material for the chosen application. The following article reviews the research conducted in the field of application of the metallic oxide nanoparticles, especially ZnO, TiO2 and ITO (Indium-Tin Oxide), in such branches of optoelectronics as solid-state lightning, photodetectors, solar-cells and transparent conducting layers.
9
Content available remote The Application of Integrated System in Dairy Wastewater Treatment
EN
The study presented the results of the examinations obtained during treatment of dairy wastewater in a membrane photoreactor where photocatalysis was sequentially combined with low-pressure membrane process. The aim of the study was to determine the effectiveness of degradation of the contaminants contained in such wastewater during photocatalysis and in the arrangement that combined photocatalysis with ultrafiltration. Several experiments were performed in order to determine the most beneficial conditions of the photocatalysis process, e.g. the dose of the photocatalysts used (TiO2 and ZnO), duration of the process and pH of wastewater subjected to oxidation. The dose of titanium dioxide was changed from 1 to 40 g/dm3, whereas the content of zinc oxide ranged from 1 to 6 g/dm3. The results obtained in the study showed that the extension of the irradiation time to over 30 minutes (TiO2) and over 45 minutes (ZnO) during photocatalysis does not lead to increased removal of contaminants from the dairy wastewater. It was also demonstrated that the increase in the doses of both photocatalysts does not lead to the increase in the efficiency of their treatment. In the case of treatment of dairy wastwater with TiO2, the photocatalysis occurred most effectively for its dose of 10 g/dm3. Removal rates for COD, TOC and total nitrogen were 58% (1670 mg/dm3), 62% (450 mg/dm3) and 56% (128 mg/dm3), respectively. Replacing titanium dioxide with zinc oxide (ZnO – 2 g/dm3) in the photocatalysis process allowed for obtaining higher degrees of removal of contaminants determined as COD, TOC and total nitrogen to the level of 77.8% (870 mg/dm3), 62% (445 mg/dm3) and 52% (139 mg/dm3), respectively. Since both photocatalysts were supplied to the photoreactor in the form of a suspension, the membrane in the next reactor represented an efficient barrier for their particles. It was observed that higher volumetric stream of the permeate was obtained during the process of low-pressure membrane filtration of sewage initially treated in the process of photocatalysis with titanium dioxide (4.6·10-5 m3/m2·s – TiO2 and 4.1·10-5m3/m2·s – ZnO). It was found that the ultrafiltration process in the case of the feed material with TiO2 led to the reduction in COD, TOC and total nitrogen by 78% (370 mg/dm3), 72% (126 mg/dm3) and 40% (80 mg/dm3). Slightly better quality of permeate was obtained when the feed material contained ZnO powder. Degree of retention of the contaminants COD, TOC and total nitrogen were 68% (280 mg/dm3), 66% (143 mg/dm3) and 42% (76 mg/dm3), respectively.
PL
W pracy zaprezentowano wyniki badań jakie otrzymano podczas oczyszczania ścieków mleczarskich w fotoreaktorze membranowy w którym sekwencyjnie skojarzono procesy fotokatalizę z niskociśnieniowym procesem membranowymi. Celem badań było określenie skuteczności degradacji zanieczyszczeń znajdujących się w tego rodzaju wodach odpadowych w samodzielnie prowadzonym procesie fotokatalizy jak również w układzie kojarzącym go z procesem ultrafiltracji. Przeprowadzono szereg eksperymentów w celu ustalenia najkorzystniejszych warunków prowadzenia procesu fotokatalizy tj. dawka zastosowanych fotokatalizatorów (TiO2 i ZnO), czas prowadzenia procesu oraz wartość pH ścieków poddawanych utlenianiu. Dawkę ditlenku tytanu zmieniano w zakresie od 1 do 40 g/dm3 a tlenku cynku od 1 do 6 g/dm3. Na podstawie uzyskanych wyników badań stwierdzono, że wydłużanie czasu naświetlania powyżej 30 minut (TiO2) oraz powyżej 45 min (ZnO) w procesie fotokatalizy nie wpływa na zwiększanie usunięcia zanieczyszczeń z oczyszczanych ścieków mleczarskich. Wykazano również, że zwiększanie stosowanych dawek obu fotokatalizatorów nie skutkuje wzrostu efektywności ich oczyszczania. W przypadku oczyszczania ścieków mleczarskich z TiO2 proces fotokatalizy przebiegał najkorzystniej jego dawce wynoszącej 10 g/dm3. Stopień usunięcia ChZT, OWO i azotu ogólnego wynosił odpowiednio 58% (1670 mg/dm3), 62% (450 mg/dm3) i 56% (128 mg/dm3). Zastąpienie ditlenku tytanu tlenkiem cynku (ZnO – 2g/dm3) w procesie fotokatalizy pozwoliło na uzyskanie wyższych stopni usunięcia zanieczyszczeń oznaczanych jako ChZT, OWO i azotu ogólnego odpowiednio do poziomu 77.8% (870 mg/dm3), 62% (445 mg/dm3) i 52% (139 mg/dm3). Z uwagi na fakt, że oba dawkowano do fotoreaktora w formie zawiesiny to znajdująca się w kolejnym reaktorze membrana była skuteczną barierę dla ich cząstek. Zaobserwowano, że wyższy objętościowy strumień permeatu uzyskano w trakcie prowadzenia procesu niskociśnieniowej filtracji membranowej ścieków wstępnie podczyszczonych w procesie fotokatalizy z ditlenkiem tytanu (4,6·10-5 m3/m2·s – TiO2 i 4,1·10-5 m3/m2·s – ZnO). Stwierdzono że wykorzystany proces ultrafiltracji w przypadku nadawy z TiO2 przyczynił się do obniżenia wartości wskaźników ChZT, OWO i azotu ogólnego odpowiednio o 78% (370 mg/dm3), 72 % (126 mg/dm3) i 40% (80 mg/dm3). Nieznacznie lepszej jakości permeat otrzymano, gdy nadawa zawierała proszek ZnO. Stopień retencji zanieczyszczeń ChZT, OWO i azotu ogólnego wynosił odpowiednio 68% (280 mg/dm3), 66 % (143 mg/dm3) i 42% (76 mg/dm3).
10
Content available remote Optical investigations of microwave induced synthesis of zinc oxide thin-film
EN
In this article, ZnO thin-film deposition on a glass substrate was done using microwave induced oxygen plasma based CVD system. The prepared thin-films were tested in terms of crystallinity and optical properties by varying the microwave power. The effect of power variation on the morphology and size of final products was carefully investigated. The crystal structure, chemical composition and morphology of the final products were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV-Vis spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy and photoluminescence (PL). This technique confirmed the presence of hexagonal ZnO nanocrystals in all the thin-films. The minimum crystallite grain size as obtained from the XRD measurements was ~9.7 nm and the average diameter was ~18 nm.
EN
This paper presents research results of zinc oxide thin films deposited on a glass substrate with use of ALD method. Our researches focused on analyzing of the influence of ALD deposition process temperature on the morphology and transparency of thin layers. The morphology was examined using both scanning and transmission electron microscopes. Transparency study was performed by UV-VIS spectroscopy. For our experiments, two sets of the coating have been prepared, differing in temperature and number of cycle used during the preparation process. The first set was deposited in 100 cycles, second one in 500 cycles. Each set of tested coating contained samples prepared at different temperatures.
12
Content available Badania efektu toksykologicznego fotokatalizatorów
PL
Efektywność rozkładu zanieczyszczeń organicznych w procesie fotokatalizy zależy od szeregu czynników, wśród których decydującą rolę odgrywają zarówno, dobór rodzaju, jak i dawki fotokatalizatora. Do najczęściej opisywanych w literaturze półprzewodników stosowanych w procesach oczyszczania strumieni wodnych zalicza się tlenek tytanu(IV) i tlenek cynku. W pracy przedstawiono zmiany toksyczności wodnych mieszanin fotokatalizatorów bez i w trakcie ich naświetlania promieniami UV o długości fali przekraczającej 300 nm. Badania prowadzono z użyciem czterech półprzewodników, tj. TiO2 jako mieszaniny anatazu i rutylu, TiO2 w postaci czystego anatazu, ZnO oraz ZnO farmaceutycznego w dawce 25, 50, 100 i 200 mg/dm3. Efekt toksyczny oceniono z użyciem biotestu Microtox®. Wykazano, że wraz ze wzrostem czasu napromieniowania mieszaniny ZnO oraz ZnO farmaceutycznego wzrasta odpowiedź toksykologiczna organizmów testowych. Świadczy to o braku stabilności fotochemicznej obu tych półprzewodników oraz dyskwalifikuje ich użycie w przypadku oczyszczania strumieni wodnych odprowadzanych do środowiska naturalnego. Zmiany efektu toksykologicznego nie obserwowano w przypadku mieszanin wodnych z półprzewodnikami, które nie były naświetlane promieniami UV. Również naświetlanie mieszanin zawierających TiO2 bez względu na formę nie wpłynęło na zmianę ich toksyczności.
EN
The efficiency of decomposition of organic pollutants during photocatalytic oxidation process depends on several factors, among which the type and dose of photocatalyst plays a significant role. According to literature, the most commonly used semiconductors in processes of water streams treatment are titanium dioxide and zinc oxide. The paper presents the change in toxicity of aqueous mixtures of photocatalysts unirradiated and irradiated with UV light with wavelength greater than 300 nm. Studies were carried out by the use of four semiconductor i.e. TiO2 as a mixture of anatase and rutile, TiO2 as a pure form of anatase, ZnO and pharmaceutical ZnO at a dose of 25, 50, 100 and 200 mg/dm3. Toxic effects were evaluated using the Microtox® bioassay. It has been demonstrated that the toxic response of the test organisms increases with the increase of the irradiation time of mixtures containing ZnO and ZnO pharmaceutical. That fact indicates a lack of photochemical stability of both semiconductors and disqualifies their use during the treatment of water streams which will be discharged into the environment. Changes in toxicological effects were not observed for semiconductors water mixtures, which were not irradiated with UV light. Also, the UV exposure of mixtures containing TiO2 did not affect any change of their toxicity.
EN
This paper demonstrates the use of a zinc oxide (ZnO) thin film in a 1-μm ring laser cavity as a saturable absorber to successfully generate Q-switching pulses. The tunability of the laser pulses is achieved by integrating a tunable bandpass filter (TBPF) in an ytterbium-doped laser cavity that results in 9.4 nm of tuning range, which wavelength is from 1040.70 nm to 1050.1 nm. The peak energy in the pulse which is 1.47 nJ was measured together with a minimum pulse width of 2.4 μm. In addition, the repetition rate increases from 25.77 to 45.94 kHz as the pump power level being increased from 103.1 to 175.1 mW. The results obtained in this experiment demonstrated consistent results and stable throughout the experiment. Therefore, ZnO thin film is considered as a good candidate in 1-µm pulsed laser applications.
EN
In the present research work, crystallographic, optical, molecular, morphological and magnetic properties of Zn1-xCuxO (ZnCu) and Zn1-x-yCeyCuxO (ZnCeCu) nanoparticles have been investigated. Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) coated ZnCu and ZnCeCu nanoparticles have been synthesized by chemical sol-gel method and thoroughly studied using various characterization techniques. X-ray diffraction pattern indicates the wurtzite structure of the synthesized ZnCu and ZnCeCu particles. Transmission electron microscopy analysis shows that the synthesized ZnCu and ZnCeCu particles are of spherical shape, having average sizes of 27 nm and 23 nm, respectively. The incorporation of Cu and Ce in the ZnO lattice has been confirmed through Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Room temperature photoluminescence spectra of the ZnO doped with Cu and co-doped Ce display two emission bands, predominant ultra-violet near-band edge emission at 409.9 nm (3 eV) and a weak green-yellow emission at 432.65 nm (2.27 eV). Room temperature magnetic study confirms the diamagnetic behavior of ZnCu and ferromagnetic behavior of ZnCeCu.
15
Content available remote Optical properties of ZnCoO layers obtained by PLD method
EN
Optical properties of the zinc-cobalt oxide (ZnCoO) layers manufactured at different process conditions have been investigated. ZnCoO layers were grown on sapphire and glass substrates by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique. The influence of growth conditions as well as post-growth annealing on the films transmission and gap energy was analyzed.
EN
Flower-like ZnO microstructures were successfully synthesized via a facile hydrothermal route without using any surfactants. The morphology of these microstructures can be easily controlled by adjusting the pH of the reaction solution. The possible growth mechanism of ZnO hierarchical microstructures was proposed based on the X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) results. The photocatalytic activity studies of ZnO nanocrystals demonstrated their excellent photocatalytic performance in degrading aqueous methylene blue (MB) under UV-A light irradiation. This higher photocatalytic activity of the ZnO nanoplates was mainly attributed to the exposed facets with the higher surface energy.
EN
A dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) was assembled using a dye 4-(3-chloro-1, 4-dioxo-1, 4-dihydronaphthalen-2-ylamino) benzoic acid with ZnO as a photo anode. It was synthesized using 2, 3-dichloro 1, 4-naphthoquinone and p-amino benzoic acid. The spectral features of the dye were analyzed in ethanol using experimental and computational methods. The theoretical investigations revealed that the synthesized dye may act as a sensitizer in DSSCs. The photo electrochemical performance was tested under direct sunlight using a sandwich type DSSC. The photovoltaic data of the dye adsorbed on ZnO films indicated the power conversion efficiency of 1.07 % under sunlight with a light intensity of 39 mW·cm-2.
18
Content available remote Carrier recombination in sonochemically synthesized ZnO powders
EN
ZnO powders with particle size in the nm to μm range have been fabricated by sonochemical method, utilizing zinc acetate and sodium hydroxide as starting materials. Carrier recombination processes in the powders have been investigated using the photoluminescence, FT-IR and surface photovoltage techniques. It has been shown that the photoluminescence spectra exhibit a number of defect-related emission bands which are typically observed in ZnO lattice and which depend on the sonication time. It has been found that the increase of the stirring time results in a faster decay of the photovoltage transients for times shorter than approximately 5 ms. From the obtained data it has been concluded that the sonication modifies the complicated trapping dynamics from volume to surface defects, whereas the fabrication method itself offers a remarkably convenient means of modifying the relative content of the surface-to-volume defect ratio in powder grains and altering the dynamics of photoexcited carriers.
19
Content available remote Synthesis and properties of doped ZnO ceramics
EN
In our work, we studied zinc oxide ceramic samples doped with aluminum and gallium. Structure peculiarities of ceramics depending on their synthesis regime were investigated by the SEM, EDX, XRD, and Raman spectroscopy methods. It was demonstrated that at some technological conditions the formation of indesirable phases of zinc aluminate or gallate may occur preventing an uniform material doping and reducing quality of samples. Single-phase ZnO ceramics were produced when the nanostructured alumina powders were used as a dopant source. The correlations between the synthesis regimes of ZnO ceramics and their electrophysical parameters essential for thermoelectric figure-of-merit (electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficient) have been established. The best electrophysical characteristics were obtained when the nanostructured alumina produced by combustion in isopropyl alcohol was used as a dopant. Conductivity and Seebeck coefficient of such ceramics are equal to 3·103 S/m and -0.27 mV/K, respectively, corresponding to the power factor of 2.2·10-4 W/(m·K2).In our work, we studied zinc oxide ceramic samples doped with aluminum and gallium. Structure peculiarities of ceramics depending on their synthesis regime were investigated by the SEM, EDX, XRD, and Raman spectroscopy methods. It was demonstrated that at some technological conditions the formation of indesirable phases of zinc aluminate or gallate may occur preventing an uniform material doping and reducing quality of samples. Single-phase ZnO ceramics were produced when the nanostructured alumina powders were used as a dopant source. The correlations between the synthesis regimes of ZnO ceramics and their electrophysical parameters essential for thermoelectric figure-of-merit (electrical conductivity and Seebeck coefficient) have been established. The best electrophysical characteristics were obtained when the nanostructured alumina produced by combustion in isopropyl alcohol was used as a dopant. Conductivity and Seebeck coefficient of such ceramics are equal to 3·103 S/m and -0.27 mV/K, respectively, corresponding to the power factor of 2.2·10-4 W/(m·K2).
PL
W naszej pracy zbadaliśmy próbki ceramiki tlenku cynku domieszkowanej aluminium oraz galem. Specyfikę struktury ceramiki zależącą od warunków syntezy zbadano metodami SEM, EDX, XRD oraz spektroskopią Ramana. Zaprezentowano, że dla niektórych warunków technologicznych tworzą się niepożądane fazy glinianu cynku lub galusanu zapobiegając jednolitemu domieszkowaniu materiału oraz zmniejszając jakość próbek. Jednofazowa ceramika ZnO została uzyskana w czasie, gdy nanostrukturalny proszek tlenku aluminium był używany jako źródło domieszki. Określono powiązania pomiędzy warunkami otrzymywania ceramiki ZnO oraz jej elektro-fizycznymi parametrami niezbędnymi do termoelektrycznego współczynnika jakości (przewodnictwo elektryczne oraz współczynnik Seebeck`a). Najlepsze elektrofizyczne charakterystyki otrzymano, gdy używano jako domieszkę nanostrukturalny tlenek aluminium produkowany poprzez spalanie w alkoholu izopropylowym. Przewodność oraz współczynnik Seebeck`a tego typu ceramik wynosi odpowiednio 3·103 S/m oraz -0.27 mV/K, co odpowiada współczynnikowi mocy równemu 2.2·10-4 W/(m·K2).
20
Content available remote Struktury na bazie ZnO do detekcji światła ultrafioletowego
PL
W poniższej pracy, dwie struktury p-Si/n-ZnMgO zostały scharakteryzowane pod kątem zastosowania w detektorach światła ultrafioletowego (UV). Przeprowadzone zostały pomiary charakterystyk prądowo-napięciowych (I-V), fotoluminescencji (PL) oraz fotoodpowiedzi. Charakterystyki I-V zostały zmierzone w 310 K i pozwoliły stwierdzić, że obie struktury posiadają właściwości prostujące. Pomiary fotoluminescencji i fotoodpowiedzi zostały przeprowadzone w temperaturze pokojowej. Została przeprowadzona dokładna analiza widm fotoluminescencji, które w jednej z próbek ujawniły pasma emisyjne świadczące o obecności defektów. Pomiary fotoodpowiedzi również zostały szczegółowo przeanalizowane, podane zostały główne wady badanych struktur oraz rozwiązania, które mogą przyczynić się do udoskonalenia struktur.
EN
In our paper, two p-Si/n-ZnMgO structures were characterized in terms of applicability in ultraviolet light detectors. A few measurement techniques have been applied: current-voltage (I-V) characteristics, photoluminescence (PL) and photoresponsivity measurements. I-V characteristics were measured at 310 K and allowed us to conlcude, that both of investigated structures have rectifying properties. Photoluminescence and photoresposivity measurements were performed at room temperature. The analysis of PL spectra exhibited emission bands corresponding to defects in one of studied samples. Photoresponsivity spectra were also thoroughly examined – the most important disadvantages of analysed structures were given together with possible solutions, which can be applied in order to obtain well-working UV detectors.
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