This paper presents the results of a mineralogical and petrological study of the Sołtmany meteorite, which fell on April 30, 2011 in northern Poland. The meteorite was found almost immediately after it fell and has been little altered by weathering. Sołtmany is not the only observed fall of an L6 chondrite over Europe in the past few years. The preceding fall of this type, Jesenice (Slovenia), was also witnessed in April of 2009. However, it was not until several weeks after the fall that the first specimen of Jesenice was found, whereas Sołtmany was collected after a few minutes and submitted for analysis within a couple of days. The author presents mineral and petrographic features and chemical characteristics of mineral phases in Sołtmany. The mineral components are represented by metallic phases (kamacite, taenite, tetrataenite, native copper), as well as chromite, olivine, low and high-calcium pyroxene, feldspar, chlorine-bearing apatite, and merrillite. This study also describes the texture of the meteorite and takes notice of a low number of preserved chondrules and the presence of oval chondrule like areas, which exhibit a metamorphosed, recrystallized texture. Sołtmany was classified as an L6 ordinary chondrite with a weathering grade of W0. A shock stage S2 was determined on the basis of undulose extinction and lack of planar fractures in olivine crystals.