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Journal of Polish Safety and Reliability Association
2008 Vol. 1 53--63
EN Internationally, probabilistic safety analyses represent the state of the art in the licensing process for new industrial facilities, but increasingly also for evaluating the safety level of older industrial plants, e. g. as part of periodic safety reviews of nuclear power plants. Quantitative safet[...]
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Journal of Polish Safety and Reliability Association
2008 Vol. 1 65--75
EN Risk management is an activity which integrates recognition of risk, risk assessment, developing strategies to manage it, and mitigation of risk using managerial resources. Some traditional risk managements are focused on risks stemming from physical or legal causes (e.g. natural disasters or fires,[...]
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Journal of Polish Safety and Reliability Association
EN Weather-related hazards are already among the factors most frequently causing disturbances for railways. Flooding and storm are considered major threats to the system. Climate change might in the long run produce new kinds of hazards and threats to the railway system, but the climate change will pri[...]
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Journal of Polish Safety and Reliability Association
EN The International Atomic Energy Agency has started a few years ago a project to enhance the existing framework for safety goals for nuclear installations and currently is finalizing a publication aimed to provide guidance for a more holistic approach to establishing and utilizing safety goals for nu[...]
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Journal of Polish Safety and Reliability Association
EN Transport of dangerous goods are always under critical observation of the public, in particular in case of transport of spent fuel or radioactive waste. In both cases transports are often crossing borders of countries, e.g., waste resulting from reprocessing of spent fuel. The transports could take [...]
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Journal of Polish Safety and Reliability Association
2013 Vol. 4, No. 2 147--154
EN Critical infrastructure risks pose a special problem for all countries. The companies that own these infrastructures operate in competitive and regulated environments. However, it is neither practical nor possible to protect critical infrastructures from all hazards. For the government, the continui[...]
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Journal of Polish Safety and Reliability Association
EN Operating experience from different types of industrial installations has shown that combinations of different types of different hazards occur during the entire lifetime of the installations. Typically site specific occurring hazards cause or induce other hazards to occur. In particular, natural ha[...]
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TransNav : International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation
2013 Vol. 7, no. 3 343--352
EN As in every industry at risk, the human and organizational factors constitute the main stakes for maritime safety. Furthermore, several events at sea have been used to develop appropriate risk models. The investigation on maritime accidents is, nowadays, a very important tool to identify the problem[...]
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Journal of KONBiN
2006 No. 2 209--218
EN The absence of any requirements for safety management in German nuclear regulations resulted in the need to develop regulatory guidance in which the requirements for safety management systems are systematically compiled and was issued in 2004. In this context, also safety culture has to be assessed.[...]
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Journal of KONBiN
2008 No. 3 (6) 57-72
EN Various management function-specific systems, such as for quality, environment, and occupational health and safety are described in widely applied international standards and guidelines. These documents are of obvious benefit to practising management. The implementation of a robust and effective int[...]
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Journal of KONBiN
2012 No. 3 (23) 17--28
PL Kultura bezpieczeństwa jest dobrze znaną ideą rozpowszechnioną w wielu gałęziach przemysłu, w szczególności w obszarze energetyki jądrowej. Kultura bezpieczeństwa jest uważana za ważny czynnik pozwalający na osiągnięcie wysokiego poziomu bezpiecznego działania obiektów przemysłowych. Choć istnieje w[...]
EN Safety culture is a well-known concept in different industries worldwide, in particular in the nuclear field. Safety culture is recognized as an important factor in achieving high levels of safety performance. Although there is a wealth of information relating to safety culture, there is still no un[...]
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Journal of KONBiN
PL Wysoka częstotliwość awarii transformatorów, w szczególności w elektrowniach jądrowych (NPP) w oraz wynikające z tego następstwa dla bezpieczeństwa, wymagają dogłębnej oceny. Pożary głównych transformatorów są uważane za awarie krytyczne, gdyż duża ilość oleju ma kontakt w elementami pod wysokim nap[...]
EN The high failure frequency and the resultant reliability and safety implications in recent years of transformers, in particular at nuclear power plants (NPP), required an in-depth assessment. Fires of main transformers are considered as critical because of the large quantity of oil in contact with h[...]
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Journal of KONBiN
PL Powodzie (zalewanie) są najbardziej rozpowszechnionym naturalnym zagrożeniem w całej Europie, powodującym często znaczne szkody, gdziekolwiek wystąpią. Skutki zalewania terenu, na którym posadowiona jest elektrownia atomowa mogą mieć ogromny wpływ na bezpieczeństwo samej elektrowni, jak też na stan [...]
EN The effects of flooding on a nuclear power plant site may have a major bearing on the safety of the plant and may result in a common cause failure for safety related systems, such as the emergency power supply systems. For river sites with tidal influences, an extreme flood event - tide combined wit[...]
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Journal of Polish Safety and Reliability Association
EN Weather-related hazards are among the most frequent causes for disturbances of critical infrastructures. Flooding, tsunamis and sea level rise are examples of major threats to all types of nuclear facilities located at the seaside or at rivers. We report about exemplary investigations concerning wea[...]
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Journal of Polish Safety and Reliability Association
EN Internal and external hazards analysis methods have been used recently to evaluate operating nuclear power plants (NPP) and to identify the resilience of NPP in case of hazards and potential needs for modification of plant systems and procedures as well as to support design of new plants The externa[...]
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Journal of Polish Safety and Reliability Association
EN Because of the growing operational age of nuclear power plants, the ageing management of structures, systems and components used in these plants is gaining an important role. Technical systems are subject to timedependent and operationally caused ageing phenomena with modifications of originally giv[...]
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Journal of Polish Safety and Reliability Association
2012 Vol. 3, No. 1 135--146
EN The results of the first fire risk assessments on an international level have shown that fires are one major contributor to the risk of a nuclear power plant depending on the plant specific fire protection concept. Therefore, fire risk assessment has today become an integral part of the probabilisti[...]
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Journal of Polish Safety and Reliability Association
2012 Vol. 3, No. 1 147--156
EN We consider semi-Markov reliability models of multi-component systems with a discrete state space, general enough to include systems with maintenance or repair. We assume that for all system states the functioning or failure of each component is specified. In this setup we propose a component import[...]
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Journal of Polish Safety and Reliability Association
EN External hazards such as explosions can be safety significant contributors to the risk in case of operation of industrial plants. The procedure to assess external hazard explosion pressure waves within probabilistic safety assessment starts with a screening procedure in order to determine scope and [...]
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Journal of Polish Safety and Reliability Association
EN In recent years the failure frequency of transformers increased. In particular fires and explosions of main oilfilled transformers are considered as critical. Therefore, international experiences of transformer failures at nuclear and non-nuclear power plants and at substations have been investigate[...]
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